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Showing 121 to 135 of 485 results Save | Export
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Graham, Susan A.; Madigan, Sheri – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The articles in this special issue of the "Journal of Cognition and Development" examine the cognitive development of children who are following typical and atypical developmental pathways. The articles offer a mixture of theory-based considerations, reviews of the literature, and new empirical data addressing fundamental aspects of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Developmental Psychology
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Antrilli, Nick K.; Wang, Su-hua – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Although action experience has been shown to enhance the development of spatial cognition, the mechanism underlying the effects of action is still unclear. The present research examined the role of visual cues generated during action in promoting infants' mental rotation. We sought to clarify the underlying mechanism by decoupling different…
Descriptors: Cues, Visual Stimuli, Infants, Cognitive Processes
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Möhring, Wenke; Newcombe, Nora S.; Levine, Susan C.; Frick, Andrea – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Proportional reasoning involves thinking about parts and wholes (i.e., about fractional quantities). Yet, research on proportional reasoning and fraction learning has proceeded separately. This study assessed proportional reasoning and formal fraction knowledge in 8- to 10-year-olds. Participants (N = 52) saw combinations of cherry juice and water…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Abstract Reasoning, Mathematics Skills, Fractions
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Severson, Rachel L.; Lemm, Kristi M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The study of anthropomorphism in adults has received considerable interest with the development of the Individual Differences in Anthropomorphism Questionnaire (IDAQ; Waytz, Cacioppo, & Epley, 2010). Anthropomorphism in children--its development, correlates, and consequences--is also of significant interest, yet a comparable measure does not…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Measures (Individuals), Questionnaires, Comparative Analysis
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Friend, Margaret; Pace, Amy E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
From early in development, segmenting events unfolding in the world in meaningful ways renders input more manageable and facilitates interpretation and prediction. Yet, little is known about how children process action structure in events composed of multiple coarse-grained actions. More importantly, little is known about the time course of action…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Adults, Motion, Cognitive Processes
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Childers, Jane B.; Parrish, Rebecca; Olson, Christina V.; Burch, Clare; Fung, Gavin; McIntyre, Kevin P. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
An important problem verb learners must solve is how to extend verbs. Children could use cross-situational information to guide their extensions; however, comparing events is difficult. In 2 studies, researchers tested whether children benefit from initially seeing a pair of similar events ("progressive alignment") while learning new…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Verbs
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Tang, Joey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The current study aimed at addressing two issues concerning children's estimation performance: (1) to investigate whether the log-to-linear framework or the proportional judgment framework provided a better explanation of children's estimation patterns, and (2) to examine the consistency of response patterns in different estimation tasks. A sample…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Guidelines, Responses, Arithmetic
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Grammer, Jennie K.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Sidney, Pooja; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Although high-quality early educational environments are thought to be related to the growth of children's skills in mathematics, relatively little is known about specific aspects of classroom instruction that may promote these abilities. Data from a longitudinal investigation were used to investigate associations between teachers' language while…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 2
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Peskin, Joan; Comay, Julie; Chen, Xi; Prusky, Carly – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
A critical skill in emergent writing is the developing ability to take the perspective of different readers; however, the precursors of this skill have not yet been identified. In this longitudinal study, 105 children (90 after attrition) were tested at 3 time points: pre-kindergarten (3-4 years old, n = 105), kindergarten (5 years old, n = 97),…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Theory of Mind, Predictor Variables, Grade 1
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Hala, Suzanne; McKay, Lee-Ann; Brown, Alisha M. B.; San Juan, Valerie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Hala, Brown, McKay, and San Juan (2013) found that children as young as 2.5 years of age demonstrated high levels of accuracy when asked to recall whether they or the experimenter had carried out a particular action. In the research reported here, we examined the relation of early-emerging source monitoring to executive function abilities.…
Descriptors: Young Children, Executive Function, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Chen, Eva E.; Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Harris, Paul L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
To adult humans, the task of forming an impression of another social being seems effortless and even obligatory. In 2 experiments, we offer the first systematic cross-cultural examination of impression formation in European American and East Asian preschool children. Children across both cultures easily inferred basic personality traits, such as…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Whites, Asians, Preschool Children
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Demir-Lira, Özlem Ece; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Summer slide, uneven growth of academic skills during the calendar year, captures the fact that the learning gains children make during the school year do not continue at the same pace over the summer, when children are typically not in school. We compared growth of reading skills during the school year and during the summer months in children…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Skill Development, Neurological Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Salsa, Analía M.; Vivaldi, Romina A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Three studies investigated the effects of pedagogical cues to an artist's referential intention on 2- and 2.5-year-old children's understanding of drawings in a matching task without verbal labels support. Results showed that pedagogical cues, the combination of the artist's eye gaze while she was creating the drawings (nonlinguistic cues), and…
Descriptors: Cues, Artists, Intention, Young Children
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Löffler, Elisabeth; von der Linden, Nicole; Schneider, Wolfgang – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Two studies were conducted to investigate effects of domain knowledge on metacognitive monitoring across the life span in materials of different complexity. Participants from 4 age groups (3rd-grade children, adolescents, younger and older adults) were compared using an expert-novice paradigm. In Study 1, soccer experts' and novices'…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Age Differences, Grade 3, Children
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Frazier, Brandy N.; Gelman, Susan A.; Wellman, Henry M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Research with preschool children has shown that explanations are important to them in that they actively seek explanations in their conversations with adults. But what sorts of explanations do they prefer, and what, if anything, do young children learn from the explanations they receive? Following a preliminary study with adults (N = 67) to…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Epistemology, Concept Formation, Knowledge Level
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