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Showing 106 to 120 of 493 results Save | Export
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Roberts, Steven O.; Gelman, Susan A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Research has explored how multiracial individuals are categorized by monoracial individuals, but it has not yet explored how they are categorized by multiracial individuals themselves. We examined how multiracial children (aged 4-9 years old) and adults categorized multiracial targets (presented with and without parentage information). When…
Descriptors: Multiracial Persons, Children, Adults, Classification
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Özçaliskan, Seyda; Adamson, Lauren B.; Dimitrova, Nevena; Baumann, Stephanie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Typically developing (TD) children refer to objects uniquely in gesture (e.g., point at a cat) before they produce verbal labels for these objects ("cat"). The onset of such gestures predicts the onset of similar spoken words, showing a strong positive relation between early gestures and early words. We asked whether gesture plays the…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Parent Child Relationship, Vocabulary
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Bacso, Sarah A.; Nilsen, Elizabeth S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children often provide ambiguous referential statements. Thus, the ability to identify when miscommunication has occurred and subsequently repair messages is an essential component of communicative development. The present study examined the impact of listener feedback and children's executive functioning in influencing children's ability to…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Young Children, Communication Skills, Feedback (Response)
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Mix, Kelly S.; Levine, Susan C.; Cheng, Yi-Ling; Young, Christopher J.; Hambrick, David Z.; Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
In a previous study, Mix et al. (2016) reported that spatial skill and mathematics were composed of 2 highly correlated, domain-specific factors, with a few cross-domain loadings. The overall structure was consistent across grade (kindergarten, 3rd grade, 6th grade), but the cross-domain loadings varied with age. The present study sought to…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten, Grade 3
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Landry, Oriane; Al-Taie, Shems; Franklin, Ari – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) task is a widely used measure of preschoolers' executive function. We combined data for 3,290 3-year-olds from 37 unique studies reporting 130 experimental conditions. Using raw pass/fail counts, we computed the pass rates and chi-squared value for each against chance (50/50) performance. We grouped data…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Executive Function, Child Behavior, Color
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Lawson, Chris A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children are remarkably flexible reasoners insofar as they modify their inferences to accommodate the conceptual information or perceptual relations represented in an inductive problem. Children's inductive reasoning is highly sensitive to what evidence is presented to them. Four experiments with 115 preschoolers (M[subscript age] = 4;8) and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Adults, Logical Thinking, Evidence
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Kouklari, Evangelia-Chrysanthi; Thompson, Trevor; Monks, Claire P.; Tsermentseli, Stella – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Previous research has clearly demonstrated that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) involves deficits in multiple neuropsychological functions, such as executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM). A conceptual distinction is commonly made between cool and hot EF. In ASD, continued attention has been paid to the cool areas of executive dysfunction.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Executive Function, Theory of Mind
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Schutte, Anne R.; Keiser, Brian A.; Beattie, Heidi L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined whether attention to a location plays a role in the maintenance of locations in spatial working memory in young children as it does in adults. This study was the first to investigate whether distractors presented during the delay of a spatial working-memory task influenced young children's memory responses. Across 2…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Developmental Psychology, Young Children
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Macris, Deanna M.; Sobel, David M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Three experiments examined whether 4- and 5-year-olds can explicitly revise uncertain beliefs in light of disconfirming evidence. We considered 2 factors that might influence belief revision: (a) the type and variability of evidence provided, and (b) whether children generated an explanation of their initial hypothesis. When provided with limited…
Descriptors: Role, Preschool Children, Evidence, Cognitive Processes
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Leblanc, Élizabel; Bernier, Annie; Howe, Nina – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Sibling relationships are argued to offer a rich social context for the development of young children's theory of mind (ToM). There is evidence that the presence of siblings, particularly older siblings, may promote preschoolers' ToM, but it has not been investigated among toddlers. This study evaluated differences in early manifestations of ToM…
Descriptors: Sibling Relationship, Theory of Mind, Toddlers, Siblings
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Hwang, Hyesung G.; Marrus, Natasha; Irvin, Kelsey; Markson, Lori – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Humans are motivated to connect with others and are sensitive to social exclusion--intentionally leaving out others. This ability to detect social exclusion is suggested to be evolutionarily adaptive, biologically hardwired, and an important feature of social-cognitive development. Yet it is unclear when children start to independently detect…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Peer Relationship, Social Isolation, Peer Acceptance
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Sobel, David M.; Erb, Christopher D.; Tassin, Tiffany; Weisberg, Deena Skolnick – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children can engage in diagnostic reasoning. However, almost all research demonstrating such capacities has investigated children's inferences when the individual efficacy of each candidate cause is known. Here we show that there is development between ages five and seven in children's ability to reason about the number of candidate causes…
Descriptors: Inferences, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development
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Washinawatok, Karen; Rasmussen, Connie; Bang, Megan; Medin, Douglas; Woodring, Jennifer; Waxman, Sandra; Marin, Ananda; Gurneau, Jasmine; Faber, Lori – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined the play of 4-year-old children with a forest diorama that included toy representations of plants and animals. To examine the potential role of culture and expertise in diorama play, children from 3 samples participated: rural Native American, urban Native American, and urban non-Native American. Children's playtime was divided…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Play, Ecology, Models
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Viterbori, Paola; Traverso, Laura; Usai, M. Carmen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated the roles of different executive function (EF) components (inhibition, shifting, and working memory) in 2-step arithmetic word problem solving. A sample of 139 children aged 8 years old and regularly attending the 3rd grade of primary school were tested on 6 EF tasks measuring different EF components, a reading task and a…
Descriptors: Role, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Arithmetic
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Klemfuss, J. Zoe; Wang, Qi – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined the extent to which school-aged children's general narrative skills provide cognitive benefits for accurate remembering or enable good storytelling that undermines memory accuracy. European American and Chinese American 6-year-old boys and girls (N = 114) experienced a staged event in the laboratory and were asked to tell a…
Descriptors: Young Children, Story Telling, Long Term Memory, Accuracy
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