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Showing 91 to 105 of 485 results Save | Export
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Loehr, Abbey M.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Research has demonstrated that providing labels helps children notice key features of examples. Much less is known about how different labels impact children's ability to make inferences about the structure underlying mathematical notation. We tested the impact of labeling decimals such as 0.34 using formal place-value labels ("3 tenths and 4…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Elementary School Students
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Masnick, Amy M.; Klahr, David; Knowles, Erica R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The ability to use numerical evidence to revise beliefs about the physical world is an essential component of scientific reasoning that begins to develop in middle childhood. In 2 studies, we explored how data variability and consistency with participants' initial beliefs about causal factors associated with pendulums affected their ability to…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Children, Adults, Influences
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Roebers, Claudia M.; Spiess, Manuela – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Although metacognition is considered a central aspect of self-regulated learning and is often linked to learning outcomes, little is known about the intraindividual development and factors that lead to developmental improvement over time. This longitudinal study investigated 2nd graders' (N = 119, aged 8-9 years) metacognitive monitoring and…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Cognitive Development, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Blums, Angela; Belsky, Jay; Grimm, Kevin; Chen, Zhe – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The present study examined whether and how socioeconomic status (SES) predicts school achievement in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) using structural equation modeling and data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Child Care and Youth Development. The present inquiry addresses gaps in…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
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Hurst, Michelle; Anderson, Ursula; Cordes, Sara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
In mathematically literate societies, numerical information is represented in 3 distinct codes: a verbal code (i.e., number words); a digital, symbolic code (e.g., Arabic numerals); and an analogical code (i.e., quantities; Dehaene, 1992). To communicate effectively using these numerical codes, our understanding of number must involve an…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Numbers, Cognitive Mapping, Models
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Langley, Hillary A.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Data from a large-scale, longitudinal research study with an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample were utilized to explore linkages between maternal elaborative conversational style and the development of children's autobiographical and deliberate memory. Assessments were made when the children were aged 3, 5, and 6 years old, and the…
Descriptors: Socialization, Memory, Young Children, Mothers
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Moll, Henrike; Khalulyan, Allie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
A curious phenomenon in early social-cognitive development has been identified: Preschoolers deny that they can see others who cannot also see them (Russell, Gee, & Bullard, 2012). The exclusive focus on vision has suggested that this effect is limited to gaze, but children's negations might reflect a broader phenomenon that extends to vocal…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Perception, Cognitive Development, Vision
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Roberts, Steven O.; Gelman, Susan A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Research has explored how multiracial individuals are categorized by monoracial individuals, but it has not yet explored how they are categorized by multiracial individuals themselves. We examined how multiracial children (aged 4-9 years old) and adults categorized multiracial targets (presented with and without parentage information). When…
Descriptors: Multiracial Persons, Children, Adults, Classification
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Özçaliskan, Seyda; Adamson, Lauren B.; Dimitrova, Nevena; Baumann, Stephanie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Typically developing (TD) children refer to objects uniquely in gesture (e.g., point at a cat) before they produce verbal labels for these objects ("cat"). The onset of such gestures predicts the onset of similar spoken words, showing a strong positive relation between early gestures and early words. We asked whether gesture plays the…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Parent Child Relationship, Vocabulary
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Bacso, Sarah A.; Nilsen, Elizabeth S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children often provide ambiguous referential statements. Thus, the ability to identify when miscommunication has occurred and subsequently repair messages is an essential component of communicative development. The present study examined the impact of listener feedback and children's executive functioning in influencing children's ability to…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Young Children, Communication Skills, Feedback (Response)
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Mix, Kelly S.; Levine, Susan C.; Cheng, Yi-Ling; Young, Christopher J.; Hambrick, David Z.; Konstantopoulos, Spyros – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
In a previous study, Mix et al. (2016) reported that spatial skill and mathematics were composed of 2 highly correlated, domain-specific factors, with a few cross-domain loadings. The overall structure was consistent across grade (kindergarten, 3rd grade, 6th grade), but the cross-domain loadings varied with age. The present study sought to…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten, Grade 3
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Landry, Oriane; Al-Taie, Shems; Franklin, Ari – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) task is a widely used measure of preschoolers' executive function. We combined data for 3,290 3-year-olds from 37 unique studies reporting 130 experimental conditions. Using raw pass/fail counts, we computed the pass rates and chi-squared value for each against chance (50/50) performance. We grouped data…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Executive Function, Child Behavior, Color
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Lawson, Chris A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children are remarkably flexible reasoners insofar as they modify their inferences to accommodate the conceptual information or perceptual relations represented in an inductive problem. Children's inductive reasoning is highly sensitive to what evidence is presented to them. Four experiments with 115 preschoolers (M[subscript age] = 4;8) and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Adults, Logical Thinking, Evidence
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Kouklari, Evangelia-Chrysanthi; Thompson, Trevor; Monks, Claire P.; Tsermentseli, Stella – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Previous research has clearly demonstrated that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) involves deficits in multiple neuropsychological functions, such as executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM). A conceptual distinction is commonly made between cool and hot EF. In ASD, continued attention has been paid to the cool areas of executive dysfunction.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Executive Function, Theory of Mind
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Schutte, Anne R.; Keiser, Brian A.; Beattie, Heidi L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined whether attention to a location plays a role in the maintenance of locations in spatial working memory in young children as it does in adults. This study was the first to investigate whether distractors presented during the delay of a spatial working-memory task influenced young children's memory responses. Across 2…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Developmental Psychology, Young Children
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