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Showing 61 to 75 of 485 results Save | Export
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Lombrozo, Tania; Bonawitz, Elizabeth Baraff; Scalise, Nicole R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Young children often endorse explanations of the natural world that appeal to functions or purpose--for example, that rocks are pointy so animals can scratch on them. By contrast, most Western-educated adults reject such explanations. What accounts for this change? We investigated 4- to 5-year-old children's ability to generalize the form of an…
Descriptors: Young Children, Generalization, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Learning
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Lindow, Stefanie; Betsch, Tilmann – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
In many decision situations, individuals must actively search information before they can make a satisfying choice. In such instances, individuals must be aware of the fact that not all information may be equally relevant for the choice at hand--thus, individuals should weight information by its respective relevance. We compared children's and…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Children, Information Seeking, Adults
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Venkadasalam, Vaunam P.; Ganea, Patricia A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
This study examined whether children 4- and 5-years-old (N = 156) can revise a physical science misconception from different types of picture books. A realistic fiction book and informational book with identical images matched in word count and reading difficulty level were compared to a control book about plants. In the pretest and posttest,…
Descriptors: Young Children, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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Stephens, Rebecca L.; Langworthy, Benjamin; Short, Sarah J.; Goldman, Barbara D.; Girault, Jessica B.; Fine, Jason P.; Reznick, J. Steven; Gilmore, John H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The study of executive function (EF) has become increasingly popular in multiple areas of research. A wealth of evidence has supported the value of EF in shaping notable outcomes across typical and atypical development; however, little evidence has supported the cognitive contributors to early EF development. The current study used data from a…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Predictor Variables, Executive Function
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Brey, Elizabeth; Shutts, Kristin – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
What factors contribute to children's tendency to view individuals as having different traits and abilities? The present research tested whether young children are influenced by adults' nonverbal behaviors when making inferences about peers. In Study 1, participants (aged 5-6 years) viewed multiple videos of interactions between a…
Descriptors: Young Children, Cues, Nonverbal Communication, Inferences
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Prather, Richard – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Numerical comparison is a primary measure of the acuity of children's approximate number system. Approximate number system acuity is associated with key developmental outcomes such as symbolic number skill, standardized test scores, and even employment outcomes (Halberda, Mazzocco, & Feigenson, 2008; Parsons & Bynner, 1997). We examined…
Descriptors: Numbers, Computation, Comparative Analysis, Children
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Brandone, Amanda C.; Klimek, Brittany – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
In everyday life, we use folk theories about the mind and behavior to understand ourselves and others. An important part of our folk theory of mind is our intuitions about the role of the self in mental functioning--namely, whether the self is able to control each mental operation. The current study explored beliefs about the nature of control…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Folk Culture, Self Concept, Cognitive Ability
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Seidler, Anna Lene; Ritchie, Stuart J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
There are socioeconomic-status (SES) differences in cognitive development. Various factors have been proposed that might explain this association, and one of these factors is the home environment. The present study examined a chaotic home atmosphere as a potential mediator of the association between parental SES and cognitive development. A…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Development, Young Children
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Shtulman, Andrew – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Developmental psychologists are increasingly writing articles, columns, books, and blogs for the general public, but this type of writing can be challenging. Here, I provide guidance on how to communicate scientific ideas to nonscientists, touching on what content to cover, how to organize that content, what language to use, and what tone to…
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Science and Society, Developmental Psychology, Writing (Composition)
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Palmquist, Carolyn M.; Fierro, Marissa G. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Although preschoolers have strong expectations about the pedagogical nature of pointing gestures (Csibra & Gergely, 2006), more recent work has shown that preschoolers prefer to use informants' spoken language, not their pointing gestures, to make judgments about their reliability (Palmquist & Jaswal, 2015). Here, we explored children's…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Generalization, Reliability, Knowledge Level
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Heck, Isobel A.; Chernyak, Nadia; Sobel, David M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Young children are remarkably compliant with social norms, especially those governing fairness and equality. Yet children also frequently observe and face opportunities to violate those social norms, particularly in situations in which doing so is self-beneficial. In 3 studies, we investigated the conditions under which children adhere to social…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Compliance (Psychology), Ethics, Social Behavior
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Graf Estes, Katharine; Antovich, Dylan M.; Hay, Jessica F. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
This research investigates the development of constraints in word learning. Previous experiments have shown that as infants gain more knowledge of native language structure, they become more selective about the forms that they accept as labels. However, the developmental pattern exhibited depends greatly on the way that infants are introduced to…
Descriptors: Barriers, Language Acquisition, Infants, Age Differences
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Vasilyeva, Marina; Laski, Elida; Veraksa, Aleksandr; Weber, Lindsey; Bukhalenkova, Daria – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
It is imperative to identify contextual factors contributing to the development of early math skills, considering their role in later academic achievement. To pursue this goal, the present study investigated the paths connecting parental beliefs and practices during the preschool years to children's numeric skills at the end of kindergarten…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Beliefs, Mathematics Skills, Academic Achievement
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Nicoladis, Elena; Jiang, Zixia – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The primary purpose of the present study was to test language and cognitive predictors of lexical selection in the storytelling of monolingual and bilingual children. Measures of language proficiency and cognitive ability were assessed with both English- and Mandarin-speaking monolinguals and Mandarin-English bilinguals aged 4 to 6 years old. To…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Cognitive Ability, Vocabulary Development
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DeNigris, Danielle; Brooks, Patricia J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The ability to recognize temporal patterns and position events in time emerges during the preschool years and is refined in middle childhood. This study explored individual differences in temporal cognition in relation to verbal and nonverbal abilities. Children (30 boys, 32 girls; M[subscript age] = 8;2, age range = 6;0-10;8) completed 3…
Descriptors: Language Role, Cognitive Processes, Time, Children
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