NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Audience
Researchers5
Laws, Policies, & Programs
What Works Clearinghouse Rating
Showing 46 to 60 of 485 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Sun, Sumin; Schweizer, Karl; Ren, Xuezhu – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
This study examined whether there is a developmental difference in the emergence of an item-position effect in intelligence testing. The item-position effect describes the dependency of the item's characteristics on the positions of the items and is explained by learning. Data on fluid intelligence measured by Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Test Items, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Henning, Kyle J.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Children tend to select a novel object rather than a familiar object when asked to identify the referent of a novel label. Current accounts of this so-called "disambiguation effect" do not address whether children have a general metacognitive representation of this way of determining the reference of novel labels. In two experiments…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Metacognition, Prediction
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Vonk, Jennifer; Rastogi, Geetanjali – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Children show a bias toward information about shape when labeling or determining category membership for novel objects. The body of work with human children suggests that the shape bias is not restricted to linguistic contexts but is highly contingent on task demands. Testing nonhumans could provide additional information about the salience of…
Descriptors: Animals, Classification, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Bias
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Yamashiro, Amy; Shrout, Patrick E.; Vouloumanos, Athena – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Eye tracking is widely used in developmental research to measure infants' looking behavior before, during, or after particular events and can provide a measure of real-time processing. However, the dynamic time course of infants' looking behaviors is rarely analyzed. Instead, eye tracking data is often averaged within a large window or is…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Infant Behavior, Cognitive Processes, Behavior Change
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Santolin, Chiara; Saffran, Jenny R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Infants acquiring their native language are adept at discovering grammatical patterns. However, it remains unknown whether these learning abilities are limited to language, or available more generally for sequenced input. The current study is a conceptual replication of a prior language study, and was designed to ask whether infants can track…
Descriptors: Infants, Grammar, Auditory Stimuli, Language Acquisition
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Kristen-Antonow, Susanne; Jarvers, Irina; Sodian, Beate – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
It has been argued that the distinction between factivity and non-factivity is more fundamental to mental state understanding than that between false beliefs and reality. The present study examined children's growing understanding of all possible contrasts between the factive verb "know" and the non-factive verbs "think" and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Theory of Mind, Verbs, Comprehension
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Daubert, Emily N.; Ramani, Geetha B. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Bilingual children exhibit enhanced working memory (WM) skill relative to monolingual children, which could have implications for early mathematics development. Competency in mathematics is supported by conceptual and procedural mathematical knowledge, and numerical knowledge is in turn supported by underlying cognitive processes such as WM.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Short Term Memory, Bilingual Students, Preschool Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by a complex maturation process of various cognitive abilities. Cognitive control, which includes response inhibition and working memory, is one of them. A typical study on response inhibition to visual stimuli presents distractors and targets on the same display (e.g., the computer screen).…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Environmental Influences, Visual Environment, Adolescents
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Howard, Tyler J.; Porter, Blaire M.; Childers, Jane B. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Children learning a verb may benefit from hearing it across situations . At the same time, in everyday contexts, situations in which a verb is heard will be interrupted by distracting events. Using Structural Alignment theory as a framework, Study 1 asks whether children can learn a verb when irrelevant, interleaved events are present. Two½- and…
Descriptors: Verbs, Language Acquisition, Young Children, Age Differences
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Rojo, Dolly P.; Echols, Catharine H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Bilingualism has been associated with a range of cognitive and language-related advantages, including the recognition that words can have different labels across languages. However, most previous research has failed to consider heterogeneity in the linguistic environments of children categorized as monolingual. Our study assessed the influence of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Outcomes of Education, Non English Speaking, Native Speakers
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Hudson, Kesha N.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Data from a longitudinal investigation were used to examine the effects of mothers' and teachers' language on children's developing mathematical competencies during the kindergarten year. Specifically, 1) mothers' use of metamemory talk, or references to the process of remembering, and 2) teachers' use of "cognitive processing language"…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Mothers, Preschool Teachers, Addition
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Slocum, Jeremy Y.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
From an early age, children show a tendency to map novel labels onto unfamiliar rather than familiar kinds of objects. Accounts of this tendency have not addressed whether children develop a metacognitive representation of what they are doing. In 3 experiments (each N = 48), preschoolers received a test of the "metacognitive disambiguation…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Familiarity
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Valentino, Kristin; McDonnell, Christina G.; Comas, Michelle; Nuttall, Amy K. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Reduced autobiographical memory specificity (AMS) has robust associations with psychopathology. As such, understanding the development of AMS (or its inverse, overgeneral autobiographical memory) and how it may be unique from other aspects of memory performance is important. In particular, it is unclear whether child AMS is distinct from…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Autobiographies, Memory
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Flynn, Rachel M.; Richert, Rebekah A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Physically active video games (i.e., exergames), which are a prevalent and popular childhood activity, may have benefits to executive-functioning (EF) skills, as they incorporate both cognitive engagement and physical activity. Acute EF change in 147 7- to 12-year-olds was assessed after participation in a 20-min activity. The between-subjects…
Descriptors: Video Games, Executive Function, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Park, Daeun; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
School-entry math achievement is a strong predictor of math achievement through high school. We asked whether reciprocal relations among math achievement, math anxiety, and entity motivational frameworks (believing that ability is fixed and a focus on performance) can help explain these persistent individual differences. We assessed 1st and 2nd…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Anxiety, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
Pages: 1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  ...  |  33