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Showing 451 to 465 of 493 results Save | Export
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Hohenstein, Jill M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
The relation between thought and language was explored using 2 experiments testing monolingual Spanish- and English-speaking children's responses to visual motion event stimuli. In a match-to-sample task (Experiment 1) 7-year-old English speakers fixated on videos matching the manner (rather than path) of a target video more often than…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Verbs, Motion, Monolingualism
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Cassidy, Kimberly Wright; Cosetti, Maura; Jones, Ressa; Kelton, Emily; Rafal, Valerie Meier; Richman, Lisa; Stanhaus, Heather – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
This study examines the conditions under which 3-year-olds can use the desires of others to predict others' behavior. In Study 1, children were highly successful in predicting the actions of an agent based on that agent's desires when they were explicitly told about the agent's desires, even when the agent's desires were strongly different from…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Comprehension, Behavior, Conflict
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Baker-Ward, Lynne E.; Eaton, Kimberly L.; Banks, Jonathan B. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
This research examined the effects of differences in the emotions associated with an event on participants' reports of the experience. Forty-eight 10-year-old participants in a soccer tournament reported their final competition shortly after the game and 5 weeks later. Although all children reported the same event, members of winning vs. losing…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Cognitive Processes, Athletes, Emotional Response
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Sales, Jessica McDermott; Fivush, Robyn; Parker, Janat; Bahrick, Lorraine – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
We examined relations among stress, children's recall, and psychological functioning following Hurricane Andrew. Thirty-five children from mixed socioeconomic backgrounds were divided into low-, moderate-, and high-stress groups and were interviewed about the hurricane immediately after the storm and 6 years later. Our primary interest, stemming…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Young Children, Psychological Patterns, Children
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Greenhoot, Andrea Follmer; Johnson, Rebecca; McCloskey, Laura A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
This study examined the representation of internal states in childhood recollections of male and female adolescents with and without abuse histories. Participants' (N = 71) exposure to spousal violence, physical abuse, and sexual abuse was documented when they were 6 to 12 years old and 6 years later when they were 12 to 18 years old. At the Year…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Child Abuse, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Ross, Hildy S.; Recchia, Holly E.; Carpendale, Jeremy I. M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Our goals in this study were to develop a measure of children's understanding of divergent interpretations of conflict and relate that measure to children's more general interpretive understanding of mind (Carpendale & Chandler, 1996). Eighty-nine children between 4 and 9 years of age heard 4 conflict stories in which fault was ambiguous. Children…
Descriptors: Conflict, Social Cognition, Children, Measures (Individuals)
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Kelemen, Deborah; DiYanni, Cara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Two separate bodies of research suggest that young children have (a) a broad tendency to reason about natural phenomena in terms of a purpose (e.g., Kelemen, 1999c) and (b) an orientation toward "creationist" accounts of natural entity origins whether or not they come from fundamentalist religious backgrounds (e.g., Evans, 2001). This…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Young Children, Creationism, Thinking Skills
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Schwartz, Daniel L.; Martin, Taylor; Pfaffman, Jay – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Three studies examined whether mathematics can propel the development of physical understanding. In Experiment 1, 10-year-olds solved balance scale problems that used easy-to-count discrete quantities or hard-to-count continuous quantities. Discrete quantities led to age typical performances. Continuous quantities caused performances like those of…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Developmental Psychology, Experiments, Problem Solving
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Deocampo, Joanne Agayoff; Hudson, Judith A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Research on children's understanding of video has shown seeming contradictions. Fourteen-month-olds imitate actions seen on TV (Meltzoff, 1988) and 18-month-olds are reminded of an event by watching video (Sheffield & Hudson, 2003) but 24-month-olds fail at a video-mediated object-retrieval task requiring dual representational understanding…
Descriptors: Imitation, Toddlers, Toys, Video Technology
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McNeil, Nicole M.; Alibali, Martha W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
This study investigated how understanding of the equal sign changes as a function of experience in mathematics and variations in context. Students with different levels of mathematics experience (elementary school, seventh grade, undergraduate, and graduate) were randomly assigned to view the equal sign in one of three contexts: (a) equal sign…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Graduate Students, Grade 7, College Students
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Xu, Fei; Baker, Allison – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Several investigators find that infants fail to use property information to individuate objects until 12 months of age (e.g., Xu & Carey, 1996), while others find that infants successfully employ property information in the service of object individuation at 9.5 months (e.g., Wilcox & Baillargeon, 1998a). This study investigated…
Descriptors: Infants, Experiments, Child Development, Age Differences
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Bauer, Patricia J.; Stark, Emily N.; Lukowski, Angela F.; Rademacher, Jennifer; Van Abbema, Dana L.; Ackil, Jennifer K. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Mother-child conversations about a devastating tornado and about 2 nontraumatic events were examined to determine whether there were (a) differences in use of internal states language when talking about traumatic and nontraumatic events and (b) similarities in mothers' and children's use of internal states language. At Session 1, which took place…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Communication
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Fivush, Robyn; Wang, Qi – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
We examined how mother-child emotional reminiscing is affected by culture, gender, and the valence of the event. Thirty-one Euro-American and 30 Chinese middle-class mothers and their 3-year-old children discussed 1 highly positive and 1 highly negative experience. Mothers and children in both cultures used a greater variety of negative emotion…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Mothers, Preschool Children, Cultural Influences
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Duffy, Sean; Huttenlocher, Janellen; Levine, Susan – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Two experiments tested the ability of 4- and 8-year-old children to encode the extent of a target dowel and later discriminate between the target and a foil having a novel extent. By manipulating the heights of containers in which we presented the stimuli we tested whether children used the relation between the dowels and containers for encoding…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Thinking Skills, Experiments, Children
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Sodian, Beate; Thoermer, Claudia – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2004
Phillips, Wellman, and Spelke (2002) provided experimental evidence indicating that by the age of 12 months infants use information about an adult's gaze-direction and emotional expression to predict action. We investigate the generality of this ability, using Phillips et al.'s paradigm across different referential gestures. If infants have a rich…
Descriptors: Infants, Nonverbal Communication, Intention, Cues
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