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Showing 31 to 45 of 485 results Save | Export
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Martzog, Philipp; Stoeger, Heidrun; Suggate, Sebastian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
An increasing number of findings suggest that cognition is grounded in sensorimotor experiences. Research suggests that fine motor skills (FMS) link to cognitive abilities. Existing studies, however, lack conceptual and methodological differentiation regarding FMS and little is known about the directional nature of links. In study 1, we measured…
Descriptors: Correlation, Preschool Children, Psychomotor Skills, Foreign Countries
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Mock, Julia; Huber, Stefan; Cress, Ulrike; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Moeller, Korbinian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The metaphor of the mental number line accounts for numerous empirical effects of spatial-numerical associations. In the present study, we aimed at investigating directional spatial-numerical associations reflected by SNARC-like digit-direction and sign-direction congruency effects as well as the sign-digit compatibility effect when 6th graders…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 6, Knowledge Level
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Howe, Nina; Persram, Ryan J.; Bergeron, Catherine – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The sibling relationship represents a unique bond characterized by a high degree of closeness and intimacy, which fosters teaching and learning. Two studies investigated associations between sibling-directed teaching, imitation as a learning strategy, and learner involvement during a semi-structured, video-taped construction task. Study 1 also…
Descriptors: Imitation, Learning Strategies, Siblings, Sibling Relationship
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Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Casey, Beth M.; Pezaris, Elizabeth; Shadmehr, Maryam; Jong, Margeau – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The development of math reasoning and 3-d mental rotation skills are intertwined. However, it is currently not understood how these cognitive processes develop and interact longitudinally at the within-person level -- either within or across genders. In this study, 553 students (52% girls) were assessed from fifth to seventh grades on 3-d mental…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Koerber, Susanne; Osterhaus, Christopher – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Early scientific thinking in kindergarten (6-year-olds) was investigated in a large study involving 227 participants. We investigated (1) whether individual differences across 3 scientific-thinking components (experimentation, data interpretation, and understanding the nature of science) are stable across children, (2) whether children's increased…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Science Process Skills, Thinking Skills, Kindergarten
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De Bordes, Pieter F.; Hasselman, Fred; Cox, Ralf F. A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
From a perceptual learning perspective, infants use social information (like gaze direction) in a similar way as other information in our physical environment (like object movements) to specify action possibilities. In the current study, we assumed that infants are able to learn an affordance upon observing an adult failing to act out that…
Descriptors: Infants, Perceptual Development, Observation, Cues
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Johnston, Angie M.; Sheskin, Mark; Keil, Frank C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In four experiments, we investigate how the ability to detect irrelevant explanations develops. In Experiments 1 and 2, 4- to 8-year-olds and adults rated different types of explanations about "what makes cars go" individually, in the absence of a direct contrast. Each explanation was true and relevant (e.g., "Cars have engines that…
Descriptors: Children, Adults, Age Differences, Cognitive Development
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Howard, Lauren H.; Woodward, Amanda L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Agents are important for structuring memory in adulthood. However, it is unclear whether this "social memory bias" stems from a reliance on agents in verbal narratives, or whether it reflects more fundamental preverbal memory processes. By testing 9-month-old infants in a non-verbal eye-tracking paradigm, we were able to effectively…
Descriptors: Memory, Infants, Eye Movements, Behavior
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Lowrie, Tom; Logan, Tracy; Hegarty, Mary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Over three decades of research has shown that spatial reasoning and mathematics performance are highly correlated. Spatial visualization, in particular, has been found to predict mathematics performance in primary and middle school children. This research sought to determine the effectiveness of a spatial visualization intervention program on…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visualization, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills
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Zax, Alexandra; Williams, Katherine; Patalano, Andrea L.; Slusser, Emily; Cordes, Sara; Barth, Hilary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Similar estimation biases appear in a wide range of quantitative judgments, across many tasks and domains. Often, these biases (those that occur, for example, when adults or children indicate remembered locations of objects in bounded spaces) are believed to provide evidence of Bayesian or rational cognitive processing, and are explained in terms…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Elementary School Students, Bayesian Statistics, Cognitive Processes
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Zeng, Zhen; Kalashnikova, Marina; Antoniou, Mark – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Bilingual experience has an impact on an individual's linguistic processing and general cognitive abilities. The relation between these linguistic and non-linguistic domains, in turn, is mediated by individual linguistic proficiency and developmental changes that take place across the lifespan. This study evaluated this relationship by assessing…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Verbal Ability, Language Fluency, Executive Function
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Roberts, Steven O.; Horii, Rina I. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Children often infer that descriptive group norms (i.e., how a group is) are prescriptive (i.e., how group members "should be"), and this descriptive-to-prescriptive tendency, which biases children against non-conformity, declines with age. We tested whether this age-related decline diverged across different types of processing. Children…
Descriptors: Children, Group Behavior, Behavior Standards, Social Behavior
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Salo, Virginia C.; Reeb-Sutherland, Bethany; Frenkel, Tahl I.; Bowman, Lindsay C.; Rowe, Meredith L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Infants' pointing is associated with concurrent and later language development. The communicative intention behind the point -- i.e., imperative versus declarative -- can affect both the nature and strength of these associations, and is therefore a critical factor to consider. Parents' pointing is associated with both infant pointing and infant…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Nonverbal Communication, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Zhao, Xin; Fu, Junjun; Ma, Xiaofeng; Maes, Joseph H. R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
According to the executive framework of prospective memory (PM), age-related differences in PM performance are mediated by age-related differences in executive functioning (EF). The present study further explored this framework by examining which specific components of EF are associated with PM differences between and within three age groups. A…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Memory, Executive Function, Age Groups
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Zippert, Erica L.; Clayback, Kelsey; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Preschoolers' patterning skills are predictive of their concurrent and later math knowledge; however, it is unclear if patterning is only a proxy for general intelligence, or how it might support specific math skills. The current study examined the relation between 66 preschool children's patterning skills and their general cognitive abilities,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Ability
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