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Showing 211 to 225 of 502 results Save | Export
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LeBarton, Eve Sauer; Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Raudenbush, Stephen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Differences in vocabulary that children bring with them to school can be traced back to the gestures they produced at the age of 1;2, which, in turn, can be traced back to the gestures their parents produced at the same age (Rowe & Goldin-Meadow, 2009a). We ask here whether child gesture can be experimentally increased and, if so, whether the…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Vocabulary Development, Intervention, Oral Language
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Augustine, Elaine; Jones, Susan S.; Smith, Linda B.; Longfield, Erica – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Human visual object recognition is multifaceted and comprised of several domains of expertise. Developmental relations between young children's letter recognition and their 3-dimensional object recognition abilities are implicated on several grounds but have received little research attention. Here, we ask how preschoolers' success in recognizing…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Preschool Children, Alphabets, Correlation
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Libertus, Melissa E.; Odic, Darko; Feigenson, Lisa; Halberda, Justin – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Measuring individual differences in children's emerging language abilities is important to researchers and clinicians alike. The 2 most widely used methods for assessing children's vocabulary both have limitations: Experimenter-administered tests are time-consuming and expensive, and parent questionnaires have only been designed for children up to…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Language Tests, Young Children, Parents
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Liu, In-mao; Chou, Ting-hsi – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
How likely is the glass to break, given that it is heated? The present study asks questions such as this with or without the premise "if the glass is heated, it breaks." A reduced problem (question without premise) measures the statistical dependency (conditional probability) of an event to occur, given that another has occurred. Such…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Cognitive Development, Probability, Inferences
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Sidney, Pooja G.; Alibali, Martha W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
This study investigated analogical transfer of conceptual structure from a prior-knowledge domain to support learning in a new domain of mathematics: division by fractions. Before a procedural lesson on division by fractions, fifth and sixth graders practiced with a surface analogue (other operations on fractions) or a structural analogue (whole…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Transfer of Training, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Reid, Erin E.; Baroody, Arthur J.; Purpura, David J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Previously, researchers have relied on asking young children to plot a given number on a 0-to-10 number line to assess their mental representation of numbers 1 to 9. However, such a ("conventional") number-to-position (N-P) task may underestimate the accuracy of young children's magnitude estimates and misrepresent the nature of their…
Descriptors: Young Children, Numbers, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Comparative Analysis
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Hall, D. Geoffrey; Rhemtulla, Mijke – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Recent research has established that contrast can exert a powerful effect on early word learning. This study examined the role of contrast in young children's ability to learn proper names. Preschoolers heard a novel word for an unfamiliar stuffed animal in the presence of a second stuffed animal of either the same or a different kind.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Vocabulary Development, Nouns, Word Recognition
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Lyons, Ian M.; Huttenlocher, Janellen; Ratliff, Kristin R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Previous studies of children's reorientation have focused on cue representation (e.g., whether cues are geometric) as a predictor of performance but have not addressed cue reliability (the regularity of the relation between a given cue and an outcome) as a predictor of performance. Here we address both factors within the same series of…
Descriptors: Cues, Spatial Ability, Toddlers, Young Children
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Wagner, Laura; Dunfield, Kristen A.; Rohrbeck, Kristin L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
In a series of two experiments, we examined 5-year-old children's motivations for learning new conventional actions. Children watched two teachers open a novel container; the teachers differed in the nonfunctional, conventional actions they used in the process. In Experiment 1, one teacher spoke with a native accent and the other spoke with a…
Descriptors: Cues, Social Influences, Social Development, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Sobel, David M.; Weisberg, Deena Skolnick – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Young children distinguish between the physical and biological domains of knowledge. The current study examines how this distinction is expressed in a story construction task. Three- and 4-year-olds were shown pairs of pictures, one that depicted a normal event and one that depicted an event that violated either physical or biological causal…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Knowledge Level, Attribution Theory, Biology
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Dunphy-Lelii, Sarah; LaBounty, Jennifer; Lane, Jonathan D.; Wellman, Henry M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Traditional looking-time paradigms are often used to assess infants' attention to sociocognitive phenomena, but the link between these laboratory scenarios and real-world interactions is unclear. The current study investigated hypothesized relations between traditional social-cognitive looking-time paradigms and their real-world counterparts…
Descriptors: Social Environment, Intention, Infants, Social Cognition
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Archer, Stephanie; Ference, Jennifer; Curtin, Suzanne – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
We examined whether 14-month-olds learn the mapping between a novel word and object in an associative-learning task when the forms differ minimally in only one segment where the crucial difference occurs in a stressed syllable. Fifty infants were presented with novel word-object pairings. Infants in one group heard the minimal difference in an…
Descriptors: Infants, Syllables, Cues, Acoustics
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Rajan, Vinaya; Cuevas, Kimberly; Bell, Martha Ann – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Age-related differences in episodic memory judgments assessing recall of fact information and the source of this information were examined. The role of executive function (EF) in supporting early episodic memory ability was also explored. Four- and 6-year-old children were taught 10 novel facts from two different sources (experimenter or puppet),…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Memory, Children, Cognitive Development
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Krehm, Madelaine; Onishi, Kristine H.; Vouloumanos, Athena – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Do young infants understand that pointing gestures allow the pointer to change the information state of a recipient? We used a third-party experimental scenario to examine whether 9- and 11-month-olds understand that a pointer's pointing gesture can inform a recipient about a target object. When the pointer pointed to a target, infants…
Descriptors: Infants, Nonverbal Communication, Cognitive Ability, Infant Behavior
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Dunphy-Lelii, Sarah; Hooley, Merrilyn; McGivern, Lisa; Skouteris, Helen; Cox, Rachael – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Research to date has focused mostly on children's representation of their physical self as a prelude to the development of a theory of mind (ToM) and on their understanding of the self as distinct from others over time. Whether children approaching the well-known age of ToM mastery are also accurately appraising their own "body's"…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Age Differences, Human Body, Body Height
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