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Showing 136 to 150 of 485 results Save | Export
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Landrum, Asheley R.; Pflaum, Amelia D.; Mills, Candice M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
In many ways, evaluating informants based on their features is a problem of induction: Children rely on the assumption that observable informant characteristics (e.g., traits, behaviors, social categories) will predict unobservable characteristics (e.g., future behavior, knowledge states, intentions). Yet to make sensible inferences, children must…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Inferences, Preschool Children, Expertise
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Simpson, Elizabeth A.; Suomi, Stephen J.; Paukner, Annika – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
In human children and adults, familiar face types--typically own-age and own-species faces--are discriminated better than other face types; however, human infants do not appear to exhibit an own-age bias but instead better discriminate adult faces, which they see more often. There are two possible explanations for this pattern: Perceptual…
Descriptors: Evolution, Human Body, Infants, Prediction
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Burns, Patrick; Russell, James; Russell, Charlotte – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
It is usually accepted that the binding of what, where, and when is a central component of young children's and animals' nonconceptual episodic abilities. We argue that additionally binding self-in-past (what-where-when-"who") adds a crucial conceptual requirement, and we ask when it becomes possible and what its cognitive correlates…
Descriptors: Young Children, Memory, Visual Stimuli, Video Technology
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Subiaul, Francys; Zimmermann, Laura; Renner, Elizabeth; Schilder, Brian; Barr, Rachel – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
During the first 5 years of life, the versatility, breadth, and fidelity with which children imitate change dramatically. Currently, there is no model to explain what underlies such significant changes. To that end, the present study examined whether task-independent but domain-specific--elemental--imitation mechanism explains performance across…
Descriptors: Imitation, Preschool Children, Manipulative Materials, Rewards
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Hopkins, Emily J.; Smith, Eric D.; Weisberg, Deena Skolnick; Lillard, Angeline S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Substitute object pretense is one of the earliest-developing forms of pretense, and yet it changes considerably across the preschool years. By 3.5 years of age, children can pretend with substitutes that are highly dissimilar from their intended referents (Elder & Pederson, 1978), but even older children have difficulty understanding such…
Descriptors: Young Children, Age Differences, Comprehension, Theory of Mind
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Nissel, Jenny; Hawley-Dolan, Angelina; Winner, Ellen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
While it is sometimes claimed that abstract art requires little skill and is indistinguishable from the scribbles of young children, recent research has shown that even adults with no training in art can distinguish works by abstract expressionists from superficially similar works by children and even elephants, monkeys, and apes (Hawley-Dolan…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Art, Children, Young Children
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Verdine, Brian N.; Lucca, Kelsey R.; Golinkoff, Roberta M.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathryn; Newcombe, Nora S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
How do toddlers learn the names of geometric forms? Previous work suggests that preschoolers have fragmentary knowledge and that defining properties are not understood until well into elementary school. The current study investigated when children first begin to understand shape names and how they apply those labels to unusual instances. We tested…
Descriptors: Young Children, Geometric Concepts, Toddlers, School Readiness
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Sachet, Alison B.; Frey, Scott H.; Jacobs, Stéphane; Taylor, Marjorie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The development of the correspondence between real and imagined motor actions was investigated in 2 experiments. Experiment 1 evaluated whether children imagine body position judgments of fine motor actions in the same way as they perform them. Thirty-two 8-year-old children completed a task in which an object was presented in different…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Motor Reactions, Motor Development, Human Body
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Abuhatoum, Shireen; Howe, Nina; Della Porta, Sandra; Recchia, Holly; Ross, Hildy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
This study examined siblings' knowledge about the teaching concept during naturalistic teaching contexts, wherein children's communicative interactions were used as a gateway to their social understanding (Turnbull, Carpendale, & Racine, 2009). Participants included 39 sibling dyads (older age group, M[subscript age] = 6;4; younger age group,…
Descriptors: Siblings, Children, Knowledge Level, Teaching (Occupation)
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Ziv, Margalit; Solomon, Ayelet; Strauss, Sidney; Frye, Douglas – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The relations among children's theory of mind (ToM), their understanding of the intentionality of teaching, and their own peer teaching strategies were tested. Seventy-five 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds completed 11 ToM and understanding-of-teaching tasks. Subsequently, 30 of the children were randomly chosen to teach a peer how to play a board game,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Young Children, Peer Teaching, Games
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Brez, Caitlin C.; Miller, Angela D.; Ramirez, Erin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Numerical estimation has been used to study how children mentally represent numbers for many years (e.g., Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, these studies have always presented children with positive numbers and positive number lines. Children's mental representation of negative numbers has never been addressed. The present study tested children…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Numeracy, Numbers, Grade 2
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Williams, Amanda; Steele, Jennifer R.; Lipman, Corey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
In the current research, we examined whether the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP) could be successfully adapted as an implicit measure of children's attitudes. We tested this possibility in 3 studies with 5- to 10-year-old children. In Study 1, we found evidence that children misattribute affect elicited by attitudinally positive (e.g., cute…
Descriptors: Animals, Gender Differences, Priming, Psychological Patterns
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Nolan-Reyes, Charlotte; Callanan, Maureen A.; Haigh, Kirsten A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Young children tend to judge improbable events to be impossible, yet there is variability across age and across individuals. Our study examined parent-child conversations about impossible and improbable events and links between parents' explanations about those events and children's possibility judgments in a reasoning task. Regression analyses…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Young Children, Regression (Statistics), Reading Aloud to Others
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Lopez-Mobilia, Gabriel; Woolley, Jacqueline D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
In 2 studies, we attempted to capture the information-processing abilities underlying children's reality-status judgments. Forty 5- to 6-year-olds and 53 7- to 8-year-olds heard about novel entities (animals) that varied in their fit with children's world knowledge. After hearing about each entity, children could either guess reality status…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Children, Animals, Decision Making
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Ferrara, Katrina; Hoffman, James E.; O'Hearn, Kirsten; Landau, Barbara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The ability to track moving objects is a crucial skill for performance in everyday spatial tasks. The tracking mechanism depends on representation of moving items as coherent entities, which follow the spatiotemporal constraints of objects in the world. In the present experiment, participants tracked 1 to 4 targets in a display of 8 identical…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Visual Stimuli, Intellectual Disability, Adults
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