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Im-Bolter, Nancie; Johnson, Janice; Ling, Daphne; Pascual-Leone, Juan – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
The current study tested 2 models of inhibition in 45 children with language impairment and 45 children with normally developing language; children were aged 7 to 12 years. Of interest was whether a model of inhibition as a mental-control process (i.e., executive function) or as a mental resource would more accurately reflect the relations among…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Children, Language Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Dick, Anthony Steven – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
Two experiments examined processes underlying cognitive inflexibility in set-shifting tasks typically used to assess the development of executive function in children. Adult participants performed a Flexible Item Selection Task (FIST) that requires shifting from categorizing by one dimension (e.g., color) to categorizing by a second orthogonal…
Descriptors: Adults, Undergraduate Students, Cognitive Processes, Classification
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Perez-Edgar, Koraly; Fox, Nathan A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Seven-year-olds completed a Posner cued attention task, under both neutral and affectively charged conditions. Compared to the traditional (affect-neutral) Posner task, performance in the affective Posner task was marked by dramatic decreases in reaction times (RTs), an increase in errors, an increased validity effect (difference in RTs to the…
Descriptors: Cues, Individual Characteristics, Attention, Cognitive Processes