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Showing 1 to 15 of 116 results Save | Export
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Autry, Kevin S.; Jordan, Tessa M.; Girgis, Helana; Falcon, Rachael G. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The abstract concept of time is conceptualized as moving linearly across space, known as the mental timeline (MTL). The direction of our MTL is consistent with reading direction. English speakers, who read left to right, think of past on the left and future on the right; the reverse is true of Hebrew speakers, who read right to left. However, it…
Descriptors: English, Native Language, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Peretz-Lange, Rebecca; Muentener, Paul – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Children hold rich essentialist beliefs about natural and social categories, representing them as discrete (mutually exclusive with sharp boundaries) and stable (with membership remaining constant over an individual's lifespan). Children use essential categories to make inductive inferences about individuals. How do children determine what…
Descriptors: Childrens Attitudes, Concept Formation, Cognitive Processes, Classification
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Diuk, Beatriz; Barreyro, Juan Pablo; Ferroni, Marina; Mena, Milagros; Serrano, Francisca – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Reading difficulties of children growing up in poverty contexts have not received as much attention as those of children from middle-income families. This paper analyzes the reading-related cognitive profiles of Argentine, Spanish-speaking, low-SES children with reading difficulties (RD), by comparing them with chronological age- (CA) and reading…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Processes, Profiles
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Coffman, Jennifer L.; Grammer, Jennie K.; Hudson, Kesha N.; Thomas, Taylor E.; Villwock, Diane; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
As children transition from the early to later grades of elementary school, they become increasingly skilled at employing a variety of techniques -- such as rehearsal and organizational strategies -- for remembering information. Developmental changes in strategy use have been well documented, but little is known about the extent to which these…
Descriptors: Study Skills, Memory, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Martzog, Philipp; Stoeger, Heidrun; Suggate, Sebastian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
An increasing number of findings suggest that cognition is grounded in sensorimotor experiences. Research suggests that fine motor skills (FMS) link to cognitive abilities. Existing studies, however, lack conceptual and methodological differentiation regarding FMS and little is known about the directional nature of links. In study 1, we measured…
Descriptors: Correlation, Preschool Children, Psychomotor Skills, Foreign Countries
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Mock, Julia; Huber, Stefan; Cress, Ulrike; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Moeller, Korbinian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The metaphor of the mental number line accounts for numerous empirical effects of spatial-numerical associations. In the present study, we aimed at investigating directional spatial-numerical associations reflected by SNARC-like digit-direction and sign-direction congruency effects as well as the sign-digit compatibility effect when 6th graders…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 6, Knowledge Level
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Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Casey, Beth M.; Pezaris, Elizabeth; Shadmehr, Maryam; Jong, Margeau – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The development of math reasoning and 3-d mental rotation skills are intertwined. However, it is currently not understood how these cognitive processes develop and interact longitudinally at the within-person level -- either within or across genders. In this study, 553 students (52% girls) were assessed from fifth to seventh grades on 3-d mental…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Koerber, Susanne; Osterhaus, Christopher – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Early scientific thinking in kindergarten (6-year-olds) was investigated in a large study involving 227 participants. We investigated (1) whether individual differences across 3 scientific-thinking components (experimentation, data interpretation, and understanding the nature of science) are stable across children, (2) whether children's increased…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Science Process Skills, Thinking Skills, Kindergarten
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Howard, Lauren H.; Woodward, Amanda L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Agents are important for structuring memory in adulthood. However, it is unclear whether this "social memory bias" stems from a reliance on agents in verbal narratives, or whether it reflects more fundamental preverbal memory processes. By testing 9-month-old infants in a non-verbal eye-tracking paradigm, we were able to effectively…
Descriptors: Memory, Infants, Eye Movements, Behavior
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Lowrie, Tom; Logan, Tracy; Hegarty, Mary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Over three decades of research has shown that spatial reasoning and mathematics performance are highly correlated. Spatial visualization, in particular, has been found to predict mathematics performance in primary and middle school children. This research sought to determine the effectiveness of a spatial visualization intervention program on…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visualization, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills
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Zax, Alexandra; Williams, Katherine; Patalano, Andrea L.; Slusser, Emily; Cordes, Sara; Barth, Hilary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Similar estimation biases appear in a wide range of quantitative judgments, across many tasks and domains. Often, these biases (those that occur, for example, when adults or children indicate remembered locations of objects in bounded spaces) are believed to provide evidence of Bayesian or rational cognitive processing, and are explained in terms…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Elementary School Students, Bayesian Statistics, Cognitive Processes
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Zeng, Zhen; Kalashnikova, Marina; Antoniou, Mark – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Bilingual experience has an impact on an individual's linguistic processing and general cognitive abilities. The relation between these linguistic and non-linguistic domains, in turn, is mediated by individual linguistic proficiency and developmental changes that take place across the lifespan. This study evaluated this relationship by assessing…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Verbal Ability, Language Fluency, Executive Function
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Yamashiro, Amy; Shrout, Patrick E.; Vouloumanos, Athena – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Eye tracking is widely used in developmental research to measure infants' looking behavior before, during, or after particular events and can provide a measure of real-time processing. However, the dynamic time course of infants' looking behaviors is rarely analyzed. Instead, eye tracking data is often averaged within a large window or is…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Infant Behavior, Cognitive Processes, Behavior Change
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Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by a complex maturation process of various cognitive abilities. Cognitive control, which includes response inhibition and working memory, is one of them. A typical study on response inhibition to visual stimuli presents distractors and targets on the same display (e.g., the computer screen).…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Environmental Influences, Visual Environment, Adolescents
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Flynn, Rachel M.; Richert, Rebekah A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Physically active video games (i.e., exergames), which are a prevalent and popular childhood activity, may have benefits to executive-functioning (EF) skills, as they incorporate both cognitive engagement and physical activity. Acute EF change in 147 7- to 12-year-olds was assessed after participation in a 20-min activity. The between-subjects…
Descriptors: Video Games, Executive Function, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level
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