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Ramirez, Gerardo; Fries, Laura; Gunderson, Elizabeth; Schaeffer, Marjorie W.; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Learning to read is a critical but often challenging academic task for young children. In the current study, we explore the relation between children's reading affect--particularly anxiety--and reading achievement in the early years of reading acquisition. We hypothesized that reading anxiety would relate to reading achievement across the school…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Anxiety, Reading Attitudes, Reading Achievement
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Washinawatok, Karen; Rasmussen, Connie; Bang, Megan; Medin, Douglas; Woodring, Jennifer; Waxman, Sandra; Marin, Ananda; Gurneau, Jasmine; Faber, Lori – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined the play of 4-year-old children with a forest diorama that included toy representations of plants and animals. To examine the potential role of culture and expertise in diorama play, children from 3 samples participated: rural Native American, urban Native American, and urban non-Native American. Children's playtime was divided…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Play, Ecology, Models
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McNeil, Nicole M.; Alibali, Martha W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
This study investigated how understanding of the equal sign changes as a function of experience in mathematics and variations in context. Students with different levels of mathematics experience (elementary school, seventh grade, undergraduate, and graduate) were randomly assigned to view the equal sign in one of three contexts: (a) equal sign…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Graduate Students, Grade 7, College Students