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Ribeiro, Luisa A.; Casey, Beth; Dearing, Eric; Nordahl, Kristin Berg; Aguiar, Cecília; Zachrisson, Henrik – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The aim of this study is to investigate whether maternal spatial support during two types of joint manipulative toy play tasks with 2-year-old children was longitudinally associated with math screening test scores in second grade. The interaction between spatial support and maternal education was explored as well. We also investigated predictions…
Descriptors: Mothers, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Play
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Autry, Kevin S.; Jordan, Tessa M.; Girgis, Helana; Falcon, Rachael G. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The abstract concept of time is conceptualized as moving linearly across space, known as the mental timeline (MTL). The direction of our MTL is consistent with reading direction. English speakers, who read left to right, think of past on the left and future on the right; the reverse is true of Hebrew speakers, who read right to left. However, it…
Descriptors: English, Native Language, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Hassinger-Das, Brenna; Palti, Itai; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
How can we transform places where people gather or wait into hubs for interaction and playful learning? Bus stops offer one setting in which to test this idea. Urban Thinkscape reimagines an everyday bus stop in an under-resourced area as an interaction zone instead of merely a place to wait for a ride. Results suggest that embedding playful…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Interaction, STEM Education, Bus Transportation
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Ramirez, Gerardo; Fries, Laura; Gunderson, Elizabeth; Schaeffer, Marjorie W.; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Learning to read is a critical but often challenging academic task for young children. In the current study, we explore the relation between children's reading affect--particularly anxiety--and reading achievement in the early years of reading acquisition. We hypothesized that reading anxiety would relate to reading achievement across the school…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Anxiety, Reading Attitudes, Reading Achievement
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McMurray, Bob; Roembke, Tanja C.; Hazeltine, Eliot – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Many details in reading curricula (e.g., the order of materials) have analogs in laboratory studies of learning (e.g., blocking/interleaving). Principles of learning from cognitive science could be used to structure these materials to optimize learning, but they are not commonly applied. Recent work bridges this gap by "field testing"…
Descriptors: Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Instruction, Cognitive Science, Spelling
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Coffman, Jennifer L.; Grammer, Jennie K.; Hudson, Kesha N.; Thomas, Taylor E.; Villwock, Diane; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
As children transition from the early to later grades of elementary school, they become increasingly skilled at employing a variety of techniques -- such as rehearsal and organizational strategies -- for remembering information. Developmental changes in strategy use have been well documented, but little is known about the extent to which these…
Descriptors: Study Skills, Memory, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Seger, Benedikt T.; Wannagat, Wienke; Nieding, Gerhild – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In our current culture, children are exposed to a huge amount of audiovisual media, of which many formats include animated pictures, such as in videos, for instance. The current study addresses the use of audiovisual media in order to increase the effectiveness of learning and teaching. We examined how auditory text, audiovisual text with static…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Memory, Animation
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Haber, Amanda S.; Sobel, David M.; Weisberg, Deena Skolnick – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
We investigated how young children evaluate disagreements between two people and whether formal education affects this capacity. We compared 120 first graders tested during the 2014-2015 academic year, who received a direct instruction-based curriculum, with 112 first graders tested in the same school system during the 2016-2017 academic year, who…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Elementary School Students, Abstract Reasoning, Inquiry
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Mock, Julia; Huber, Stefan; Cress, Ulrike; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Moeller, Korbinian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The metaphor of the mental number line accounts for numerous empirical effects of spatial-numerical associations. In the present study, we aimed at investigating directional spatial-numerical associations reflected by SNARC-like digit-direction and sign-direction congruency effects as well as the sign-digit compatibility effect when 6th graders…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 6, Knowledge Level
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Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Casey, Beth M.; Pezaris, Elizabeth; Shadmehr, Maryam; Jong, Margeau – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The development of math reasoning and 3-d mental rotation skills are intertwined. However, it is currently not understood how these cognitive processes develop and interact longitudinally at the within-person level -- either within or across genders. In this study, 553 students (52% girls) were assessed from fifth to seventh grades on 3-d mental…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Koerber, Susanne; Osterhaus, Christopher – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Early scientific thinking in kindergarten (6-year-olds) was investigated in a large study involving 227 participants. We investigated (1) whether individual differences across 3 scientific-thinking components (experimentation, data interpretation, and understanding the nature of science) are stable across children, (2) whether children's increased…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Science Process Skills, Thinking Skills, Kindergarten
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Lowrie, Tom; Logan, Tracy; Hegarty, Mary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Over three decades of research has shown that spatial reasoning and mathematics performance are highly correlated. Spatial visualization, in particular, has been found to predict mathematics performance in primary and middle school children. This research sought to determine the effectiveness of a spatial visualization intervention program on…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visualization, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills
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Zax, Alexandra; Williams, Katherine; Patalano, Andrea L.; Slusser, Emily; Cordes, Sara; Barth, Hilary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Similar estimation biases appear in a wide range of quantitative judgments, across many tasks and domains. Often, these biases (those that occur, for example, when adults or children indicate remembered locations of objects in bounded spaces) are believed to provide evidence of Bayesian or rational cognitive processing, and are explained in terms…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Elementary School Students, Bayesian Statistics, Cognitive Processes
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Zeng, Zhen; Kalashnikova, Marina; Antoniou, Mark – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Bilingual experience has an impact on an individual's linguistic processing and general cognitive abilities. The relation between these linguistic and non-linguistic domains, in turn, is mediated by individual linguistic proficiency and developmental changes that take place across the lifespan. This study evaluated this relationship by assessing…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Verbal Ability, Language Fluency, Executive Function
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Sun, Sumin; Schweizer, Karl; Ren, Xuezhu – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
This study examined whether there is a developmental difference in the emergence of an item-position effect in intelligence testing. The item-position effect describes the dependency of the item's characteristics on the positions of the items and is explained by learning. Data on fluid intelligence measured by Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Test Items, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory
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