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Showing 1 to 15 of 171 results Save | Export
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Lane, Jonathan D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Children and adults appreciate that physical action is typically the conduit between individuals' desires and the fulfillment of those desires. However, certain forms of petitionary thought -- e.g., wishing and praying -- are believed by many people to influence the external world and fulfill desires without direct physical action. We examine…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Cultural Differences, Age Differences, Children
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Chen, Eva E.; Ng, Cecilia Tsz Ki; Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Yang, Bei; Harris, Paul L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The early use of person perception terms was examined via an analysis of the spontaneous speech of four young children in conversation with their parents at home. All four children were producing such terms early in their third year. Like their parents, children used the terms in two distinguishable ways: to attribute a trait to a person or to…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Self Concept, Speech Communication, Parent Child Relationship
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Rakoczy, Hannes; Oktay-Gür, Nese – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
When do children acquire a meta-representational Theory of Mind? False Belief (FB) tasks have become the litmus test to answer this question. In such tasks, subjects must ascribe a non-veridical belief to another agent and predict/explain her actions accordingly. Empirically, children pass explicit verbal versions of FB tasks from around age 4.…
Descriptors: Young Children, Theory of Mind, Beliefs, Task Analysis
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Li, Pearl Han; Koenig, Melissa A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Children are known to accept communicated information, even when it contradicts their own judgments. Here, we explored the role of direct address and accuracy in children's testimonial decisions and socio-moral evaluations of the speaker. After 4-year-old children (N = 100) gave baseline classification responses for four hybrid animals, an adult…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Evaluation, Moral Values, Preschool Children
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Peretz-Lange, Rebecca; Muentener, Paul – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Children hold rich essentialist beliefs about natural and social categories, representing them as discrete (mutually exclusive with sharp boundaries) and stable (with membership remaining constant over an individual's lifespan). Children use essential categories to make inductive inferences about individuals. How do children determine what…
Descriptors: Childrens Attitudes, Concept Formation, Cognitive Processes, Classification
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Kerr-German, Anastasia N.; Buss, Aaron T. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Between the ages of 3 and 5, children develop greater control over attention to visual dimensions. Children develop the ability to flexibly shift between visual dimensions and to selectively process specific dimensions of an object. Previous proposals have suggested that selective and flexible attention is developmentally related to one another.…
Descriptors: Attention, Preschool Children, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Development
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de Gracia, Ma. Regina Laya; de Rosnay, Marc; Hawes, David; Perez, Maria Veronica Templo – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The acquisition of theory of mind (ToM) -- the ability to attribute mental states to explain others' behaviors -- is a critical milestone in children's cognitive development. Previous research has established that deaf children experience significant delays in ToM compared to hearing children within the same culture. However, prior studies were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Deafness, Theory of Mind, Correlation
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Cossette, Isabelle; Fobert, Sophie F.; Slinger, Michael; Brosseau-Liard, Patricia E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Children have repeatedly been shown to selectively prefer to learn from previously accurate informants rather than those who have been inaccurate in the past. However, the stability of individual differences in performance on such tasks has yet to be studied. We presented preschoolers with two identical selective learning tasks conducted one week…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Accuracy, Preferences, Preschool Children
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Bower, Corinne; Odean, Rosalie; Verdine, Brian N.; Medford, Jelani R.; Marzouk, Maya; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Block-building skills at age 3 are related to spatial skills at age 5 and spatial skills in grade school are linked to later success in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Though studies have focused on block-building behaviors and design complexity, few have examined these variables in relation to future spatial and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Difficulty Level, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills
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Hupp, Julie M.; Jungers, Melissa K.; Porter, Brandon L.; Plunkett, Brandy A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
When hearing an object label, a specific object may come to mind. With the phrase, "There was a balloon in the pack/air" the representation of balloon varies based on the implied shape (deflated vs. inflated). The current study investigated whether the implied shape affects sentence-picture verification for adults and preschool children.…
Descriptors: Adults, Preschool Children, Age Differences, Sentences
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Cavioni, Valeria; Grazzani, Ilaria; Ornaghi, Veronica; Pepe, Alessandro; Pons, Francisco – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The Test of Emotion Comprehension (TEC) has been used extensively to investigate children's understanding of emotion. The present study aimed at investigating the TEC's factorial structure, its measurement invariance across age and gender, and defining age-referred TEC scores, in a large sample of 1,478 children (755 males, 723 females) aged…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Gender Differences, Emotional Development, Developmental Stages
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Panesi, Sabrina; Morra, Sergio – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The structure of executive functions in preschoolers is controversial. Miyake and colleagues found that, in adults, inhibition, shifting, and updating are correlated but distinguishable processes; this finding was sometimes replicated with schoolchildren. Based on schoolchildren data, Im-Bolter, Johnson, and Pascual-Leone proposed a four-component…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Preschool Children, Inhibition, Attention Control
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Autry, Kevin S.; Jordan, Tessa M.; Girgis, Helana; Falcon, Rachael G. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The abstract concept of time is conceptualized as moving linearly across space, known as the mental timeline (MTL). The direction of our MTL is consistent with reading direction. English speakers, who read left to right, think of past on the left and future on the right; the reverse is true of Hebrew speakers, who read right to left. However, it…
Descriptors: English, Native Language, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Pecora, Giulia; Bellagamba, Francesca; Chiarotti, Flavia; Paoletti, Melania; Castano, Maria Letizia; Addessi, Elsa – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
We aimed to longitudinally examine how symbolic distancing affects preschool children's delay tolerance in a delay choice task. We presented children with choices between a smaller immediate reward and a larger delayed reward in conditions with either symbolic stimuli or edible rewards. Overall, symbolic distancing modulated children's delay…
Descriptors: Delay of Gratification, Rewards, Food, Stimuli
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Paulus, Markus; Wörle, Monika; Christner, Natalie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The study examined whether preschool children conceive of empathy-based comforting as being an obligatory reaction toward others in emotional need. We presented 3- and 5-year-old children with three scenarios in which protagonists showed different reactions toward an agent who has hurt herself. One protagonist reacted antisocially by laughing at…
Descriptors: Altruism, Empathy, Preschool Children, Emotional Response
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