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Ramirez, Gerardo; Fries, Laura; Gunderson, Elizabeth; Schaeffer, Marjorie W.; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Learning to read is a critical but often challenging academic task for young children. In the current study, we explore the relation between children's reading affect--particularly anxiety--and reading achievement in the early years of reading acquisition. We hypothesized that reading anxiety would relate to reading achievement across the school…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Anxiety, Reading Attitudes, Reading Achievement
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Duh, Shinchieh; Wang, Su-hua – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Understanding others' preference for a relational category of objects (e.g., prefer darker colored shirts) can be challenging for young children, as it involves comparison of choice options within and across exemplars. Adding to the challenge is occasional inconsistency in choices made by others. Here the authors examined whether 14-month-olds…
Descriptors: Infants, Visual Stimuli, Color, Preferences
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Kulke, Louisa; Rakoczy, Hannes – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Theory of Mind (ToM), the ability to attribute mental states to agents, has usually been measured with explicit verbal tasks and found to develop slowly during the preschool years. New implicit ToM measures have lately revolutionized the field by suggesting that ToM may be present much earlier in development. However, recent replication studies of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Role, Preschool Children, Theory of Mind
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Diuk, Beatriz; Barreyro, Juan Pablo; Ferroni, Marina; Mena, Milagros; Serrano, Francisca – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Reading difficulties of children growing up in poverty contexts have not received as much attention as those of children from middle-income families. This paper analyzes the reading-related cognitive profiles of Argentine, Spanish-speaking, low-SES children with reading difficulties (RD), by comparing them with chronological age- (CA) and reading…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Processes, Profiles
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Dore, Rebecca A.; Woolley, Jacqueline D.; Hixon, John G. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Children learn about the world through others' testimony, and much of this knowledge likely comes from parents. Furthermore, parents may sometimes want children to share their beliefs about topics on which there is no universal consensus. In discussing such topics, parents may use explicit belief statements (e.g., "Evolution is real") or…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Value Judgment, Young Children, Age Differences
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Elliott, Leanne; Feigenson, Lisa; Halberda, Justin; Libertus, Melissa E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Research suggests that individual differences in math abilities correlate with approximate representations of quantity that are supported by a primitive Approximate Number System (ANS). However, relatively little research has addressed the direction of this association in early childhood. Here we examined the development of the ANS and math…
Descriptors: Child Development, Correlation, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills
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Rojo, Dolly P.; Echols, Catharine H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Bilingualism has been associated with a range of cognitive and language-related advantages, including the recognition that words can have different labels across languages. However, most previous research has failed to consider heterogeneity in the linguistic environments of children categorized as monolingual. Our study assessed the influence of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Outcomes of Education, Non English Speaking, Native Speakers
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Hudson, Kesha N.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Data from a longitudinal investigation were used to examine the effects of mothers' and teachers' language on children's developing mathematical competencies during the kindergarten year. Specifically, 1) mothers' use of metamemory talk, or references to the process of remembering, and 2) teachers' use of "cognitive processing language"…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Mothers, Preschool Teachers, Addition
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Slocum, Jeremy Y.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
From an early age, children show a tendency to map novel labels onto unfamiliar rather than familiar kinds of objects. Accounts of this tendency have not addressed whether children develop a metacognitive representation of what they are doing. In 3 experiments (each N = 48), preschoolers received a test of the "metacognitive disambiguation…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Familiarity
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Valentino, Kristin; McDonnell, Christina G.; Comas, Michelle; Nuttall, Amy K. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Reduced autobiographical memory specificity (AMS) has robust associations with psychopathology. As such, understanding the development of AMS (or its inverse, overgeneral autobiographical memory) and how it may be unique from other aspects of memory performance is important. In particular, it is unclear whether child AMS is distinct from…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Autobiographies, Memory
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Flynn, Rachel M.; Richert, Rebekah A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Physically active video games (i.e., exergames), which are a prevalent and popular childhood activity, may have benefits to executive-functioning (EF) skills, as they incorporate both cognitive engagement and physical activity. Acute EF change in 147 7- to 12-year-olds was assessed after participation in a 20-min activity. The between-subjects…
Descriptors: Video Games, Executive Function, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level
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Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Park, Daeun; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
School-entry math achievement is a strong predictor of math achievement through high school. We asked whether reciprocal relations among math achievement, math anxiety, and entity motivational frameworks (believing that ability is fixed and a focus on performance) can help explain these persistent individual differences. We assessed 1st and 2nd…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Anxiety, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Lombrozo, Tania; Bonawitz, Elizabeth Baraff; Scalise, Nicole R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Young children often endorse explanations of the natural world that appeal to functions or purpose--for example, that rocks are pointy so animals can scratch on them. By contrast, most Western-educated adults reject such explanations. What accounts for this change? We investigated 4- to 5-year-old children's ability to generalize the form of an…
Descriptors: Young Children, Generalization, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Learning
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Lindow, Stefanie; Betsch, Tilmann – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
In many decision situations, individuals must actively search information before they can make a satisfying choice. In such instances, individuals must be aware of the fact that not all information may be equally relevant for the choice at hand--thus, individuals should weight information by its respective relevance. We compared children's and…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Children, Information Seeking, Adults
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Venkadasalam, Vaunam P.; Ganea, Patricia A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
This study examined whether children 4- and 5-years-old (N = 156) can revise a physical science misconception from different types of picture books. A realistic fiction book and informational book with identical images matched in word count and reading difficulty level were compared to a control book about plants. In the pretest and posttest,…
Descriptors: Young Children, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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