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Read, Kirsten; Padula, Lily; Piacentini, Julia; Vo, Vivian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Rhyme awareness is a varied skill emerging consistently only in late preschool, yet children respond to rhythmic and phonological patterns to spontaneously complete rhymes in everyday settings. Our study replicates and extends previous work using a modified preferential looking task to test whether preschoolers can efficiently use rhyme to…
Descriptors: Rhyme, Preschool Children, Listening, Attention
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Blankenship, Tashauna L.; Calkins, Susan D.; Bell, Martha Ann – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Item recognition and temporal order memory follow different developmental trajectories during middle childhood, with item recognition performance stabilizing and temporal order memory performance continuing to improve. We investigated the potential unique role of individual executive functions on item recognition and temporal order memory during…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Recognition (Psychology), Time Perspective, Short Term Memory
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Echelbarger, Margaret; Roberts, Steven O.; Gelman, Susan A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
All societies have resource inequality, wherein some possess more resources than others. How should one respond to such inequality? We tested how children 4-13 years (N= 298) balance concerns about equity and ownership rights, when the two are at odds, in both individual (Study 1) and group (Study 2) contexts. Across these studies, children…
Descriptors: Ownership, Resources, Resource Allocation, Preschool Children
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McGuire, Katherine L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Children have traditionally been viewed as less reliable witnesses than are adults. More recently, a concept known as developmental reversals, has brought this view into question. Developmental reversals have demonstrated that in certain contexts, children produce fewer false memories than adults. The primary paradigm used to demonstrate…
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Processes, Context Effect, Accuracy
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Gandotra, Aditi; Csaba, Sára; Sattar, Yasar; Cserényi, Vanda; Bizonics, Róbert; Cserjesi, Renata; Kotyuk, Eszter – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
The relationship between motor skills and executive functions (EFs) is gaining prominence in the field of developmental psychology. However, evidence of the motor skills--EFs link in children with typical development is somewhat inconsistent and there has been no adequate attempt to evaluate it systematically across studies. In view of this, the…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Executive Function, Child Development, Children
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Siddiqui, Hasan; Rutherford, M. D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Essentialism is the intuition that category membership relies on an invisible essence. Essentialist thinking about social categories is most evident in young children, while comparable methods do not reveal essentialist thinking about social groups in adult participants. However, previous work has found that essentialist thinking about gender was…
Descriptors: Intuition, Self Concept, Social Differences, Group Membership
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Wang, Si; Andrews, Glenda; Pendergast, Donna; Neumann, David; Chen, Yulu; Shum, David H. K. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
To date, cross-cultural studies on Theory of Mind (ToM) have predominantly focused on preschoolers. This study focuses on middle childhood, comparing two samples of mainland Chinese (n = 126) and Australian (n = 83) children aged between 5.5 and 12 years. Strange Stories, the most commonly used measure of ToM, was employed. The study aimed to…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Preschool Children, Measures (Individuals), Story Telling
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Buttelmann, David; Kühn, Karen; Zmyj, Norbert – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Identifying correlates of aggressive behavior in children might help to find potential candidates for interventions in aggression reduction. While some previous studies found that children's Theory of Mind (ToM) and inhibitory control (IC) correlate with aggressive behavior, others did not confirm this relation. One explanation for these mixed…
Descriptors: Correlation, Theory of Mind, Inhibition, Cognitive Processes
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Williams, Katherine; Zax, Alexandra; Patalano, Andrea L.; Barth, Hilary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Number line estimation (NLE) tasks are widely used to investigate numerical cognition, learning, and development, and as an instructional tool. Interpretation of these tasks generally involves an implicit expectation that responses are driven by the overall magnitudes of target numerals, in the sense that the particular digits conveying those…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Computation, Young Children, Adults
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Wu, Yun; He, Zijing; Jobson, Laura – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
This study aimed to explore the possible indirect pathway between maternal reminiscing style and child socioemotional functioning (prosocial behaviors and emotional adjustment difficulties) through children's autobiographical memory (elaboration and specificity). A secondary exploratory aim was to examine whether cultural context moderated these…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Mothers, Recall (Psychology)
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Haber, Amanda S.; Kumar, Sona C.; Corriveau, Kathleen H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Eighty-six 4- and 5-year-old children were assigned to one of four conditions, three experimental conditions, in which children read a story about a famous scientist, and one baseline condition. In the "Achievement" condition: the scientist was described as receiving awards and recognition through their lifetime, with no discussion of…
Descriptors: Young Children, Persistence, Story Reading, Books
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Sohail, Sifana; Dunfield, Kristen A.; Chernyak, Nadia – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
By the preschool age, children exhibit a diversity of prosocial behaviors that include both sharing resources and helping others. Though recent work has theorized that these prosocial behaviors are differentiated by distinct ages of emergence, developmental trajectories and underlying mechanisms, the experimental evidence in support of the last…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Computation, Sharing Behavior, Helping Relationship
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Schünemann, Britta; Proft, Marina; Rakoczy, Hannes – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
When and how do children develop an understanding of the subjectivity of intentions? Intentions are subjective mental states in many ways. One way concerns their aspectuality: Whether or not a given behavior constitutes an intentional action depends on how, under which aspect, the agent represents it. Oedipus, for example, intended to marry…
Descriptors: Child Development, Theory of Mind, Intention, Cognitive Ability
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Gonzalez, Antonya Marie; Block, Katharina; Oh, Hee Jae Julie; Bizzotto, Riley; Baron, Andrew Scott – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Numerous studies suggest that by elementary school, children have implicit and explicit gender stereotypes about the toys, activities, roles, and abilities associated with boys vs. girls. Furthermore, these stereotypes have been shown to affect children's goals and behaviors, leading them to pursue activities that are associated with their own…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Sex Role, Child Behavior, Child Development
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Fawcett, Christine – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
From early in life, infants synchronize with others on a physiological level, a process thought to underlie social connections and group cohesion. This synchronization is seen, for example, when their pupils dilate in response to observing another person with dilated pupils -- known as "pupillary contagion." There is mixed evidence on…
Descriptors: Infants, Physiology, Interpersonal Relationship, Eye Movements
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