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Showing 1 to 15 of 535 results Save | Export
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Baker, Erin R.; Huang, Rong; Liu, Qingyang; Battista, Carmela – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Children living in poverty often show delayed cognitive and social development compared with children reared in more affluent environments. However, much of the research focuses on how objective financial strain (e.g. household income) impacts preschoolers' executive function (EF); little research has considered the impacts of parents'…
Descriptors: Poverty, Low Income, Family Income, Financial Problems
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Lazonder, Ard W.; Janssen, Noortje; Gijlers, Hannie; Walraven, Amber – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Scientific reasoning refers to the thinking skills involved in conceiving and conducting an investigation. This study examined how proficiency in performing these skills develops during the upper-elementary school years. A sample of 157 children (age 7-10) took a performance-based scientific reasoning test in three consecutive years. Four distinct…
Descriptors: Child Development, Skill Development, Gender Differences, Thinking Skills
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Adams, Eryn J.; Cowan, Nelson – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Working memory is necessary for a wide variety of cognitive abilities. Developmental work has shown that as working memory capacities increase, so does the ability to successfully perform other cognitive tasks, including language processing. The present work demonstrates the effects of working memory availability on children's language production.…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Young Children, Syntax, Cognitive Processes
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Bernabini, Luca; Tobia, Valentina; Bonifacci, Paola – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
In this article, we analyze symbolic and non-symbolic numerical abilities of parents in order to understand whether these are predictors of children's numerical skills, considering basic symbolic, non-symbolic, and formal math skills (i.e., written calculation). A battery of cognitive and math tasks was administered to a sample of 83 children with…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Numeracy, Parent Child Relationship, Predictor Variables
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Fuhs, Mary Wagner; Tavassolie, Nadia; Wang, Yiqiao; Bartek, Victoria; Sheeks, Natalie A.; Gunderson, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Young children are sensitive to both numerical and spatial magnitude cues early in development, but many questions remain about how children's attention to magnitudes relates to their early math achievement. In two studies, we tested three hypotheses related to the flexible attention to magnitudes (FAM) account, which suggests that young…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mathematics Skills, Numeracy, Number Concepts
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van 't Noordende, Jaccoline E.; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; Leseman, Paul P. M.; Volman, M. J. M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
The development of (early) numerical cognition builds on children's ability to understand and manipulate quantities and numbers. However, previous research did not find conclusive evidence on the role of symbolic and non-symbolic skills in the development of (early) numerical cognition. The aim of the current study was to clarify the relation…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Schemata (Cognition), Preschool Children, Skill Development
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Kälin, Sonja; Roebers, Claudia M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Temperamental effortful control (EC) and executive functions (EF) are two frameworks for studying self-regulation in children. Despite stemming from different research traditions, they show many conceptual and theoretical similarities and their corresponding tasks are often used interchangeably. However, little is known about how and whether the…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Self Control, Preschool Children, Executive Function
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Gerst, Elyssa H.; Cirino, Paul T.; Macdonald, Kelly T.; Miciak, Jeremy; Yoshida, Hanako; Woods, Steven P.; Gibbs, M. Cullen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
The present study had two aims. First, we set out to evaluate the structure of processing speed in children by comparing five alternative models: two conceptual models (a unitary model, a complexity model) and three methodological models (a stimulus material model, an output response model, and a timing modality model). Second, we then used the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Reading Processes, Comparative Analysis, Predictor Variables
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Souza, Debora de Hollanda; Suárez, Sarah; Koenig, Melissa Ann – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
The present study was the first to investigate the ability to selectively trust reliable informants in a sample of Brazilian preschool children from two different socioeconomic backgrounds. Ninety-three 3- and 4-year-old children, equally distributed across a low- and medium-SES group, participated. A standard selective trust task was used.…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Theory of Mind, Preschool Children, Socioeconomic Background
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Donovan, Andrea Marquardt; Alibali, Martha W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
This research examined whether children's construals of mathematical manipulatives -- as toys or as tools for doing mathematics -- influenced their learning from a lesson with the manipulatives. Children (grades 2 and 3) were presented with a set of buckets and beanbags, and they were either given no information about the manipulatives (control)…
Descriptors: Manipulative Materials, Toys, Play, Mathematics Instruction
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Tian, Jing; Bartek, Victoria; Rahman, Maya Z.; Gunderson, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Number lines and area models are both used pervasively in teaching fractions. Prior studies found that second and third graders demonstrated better magnitude knowledge of proper fractions after a 15-minute training using the number line as compared to using the area model. The current study aimed to extend these findings to improper fractions. We…
Descriptors: Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Visual Aids
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Scalise, Nicole R.; Ramani, Geetha B. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Young children's symbolic magnitude understanding, or knowledge of how written numerals and number words can be ordered and compared, is thought to play an important role in their mathematical development. There is consistent evidence that symbolic magnitude skills predict mathematical achievement in later childhood and adulthood. Yet less is…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Symbols (Mathematics), Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Achievement
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Ross, Robbie A.; Baldwin, Dare A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Cognitive control skills in early life are vital to success throughout the lifespan. Such skills have been positively linked to a host of important short- and long-term outcomes across many diverse domains. Similarly, self-perceptions such as self-efficacy, implicit beliefs about cognition, and self-concept have all been shown to predict…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Self Concept, Young Children, Cognitive Ability
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Acosta, Diana I.; Polinsky, Naomi J.; Haden, Catherine A.; Uttal, David H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
This study is a collaborative project between university researchers and museum practitioners investigating ways to advance STEM learning opportunities for young children and their families in museums. The focus of the work is on how the knowledge resources that are available to families (e.g., prior knowledge, information provided by the museum…
Descriptors: Museums, Childrens Attitudes, STEM Education, Educational Opportunities
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Kopp, Leia; Hamwi, Lojain; Atance, Cristina M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2021
Our ability to shift from current to alternative (e.g., past and future) perspectives (i.e., "self-projection") plays a fundamental role in accurate decision-making. We investigated 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds' ability to shift perspective to reason about their future and past preferences. In Experiment 1 (N = 96), children were presented…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preferences, Age Differences, Logical Thinking
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