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Showing 121 to 135 of 1,496 results Save | Export
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Aoyama, Katsura; Davis, Barbara L. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The goal of this study was to investigate non-adjacent consonant sequence patterns in target words during the first-word period in infants learning American English. In the spontaneous speech of eighteen participants, target words with a Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (C[subscript 1]VC[subscript 2]) shape were analyzed. Target words were grouped into…
Descriptors: Infants, English, Vocabulary Development, Sequential Learning
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Mascaro, Olivier; Morin, Olivier; Sperber, Dan – Journal of Child Language, 2017
We suggest that preschoolers' frequent obliviousness to the risks and opportunities of deception comes from a trusting stance supporting verbal communication. Three studies (N = 125) confirm this hypothesis. Three-year-olds can hide information from others (Study 1) and they can lie (Study 2) in simple settings. Yet when one introduces the…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Expectation, Deception, Hypothesis Testing
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Arciuli, Joanne; Ballard, Kirrie J. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Lexical stress is the contrast between strong and weak syllables within words. Ballard et al. (2012) examined the amount of stress contrastivity across adjacent syllables in word productions of typically developing three- to seven-year-olds and adults. Here, eight- to eleven-year-olds are compared with the adults from Ballard et al. using acoustic…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Children, Preadolescents, Vowels
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Moscati, Vincenzo; Zhan, Likan; Zhou, Peng – Journal of Child Language, 2017
In this paper we investigated the real-time processing of epistemic modals in five-year-olds. In a simple reasoning scenario, we monitored children's eye-movements while processing a sentence with modal expressions of different force ("might/must"). Children were also asked to judge the truth-value of the target sentences at the end of…
Descriptors: Young Children, Eye Movements, Sentences, Responses
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Laing, Catherine E.; Vihman, Marilyn; Keren-Portnoy, Tamar – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Onomatopoeia are frequently identified amongst infants' earliest words (Menn & Vihman, 2011), yet few authors have considered why this might be, and even fewer have explored this phenomenon empirically. Here we analyze mothers' production of onomatopoeia in infant-directed speech (IDS) to provide an input-based perspective on these forms.…
Descriptors: Linguistic Input, Language Acquisition, Infants, Intonation
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De Clerck, Ilke; Pettinato, Michele; Verhoeven, Jo; Gillis, Steven – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study investigated the relation between lexical development and the production of prosodic prominence in disyllabic babble and words. Monthly recordings from nine typically developing Belgian-Dutch-speaking infants were analyzed from the onset of babbling until a cumulative vocabulary of 200 words was reached. The differentiation between the…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Language Acquisition, Child Language, Vocabulary Development
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Engberg-Pedersen, Elisabeth; Christensen, Rikke Vang – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study focuses on the relationship between content elements and mental-state language in narratives from twenty-seven children with autism (ASD), twelve children with language impairment (LI), and thirty typically developing children (TD). The groups did not differ on chronological age (10;6-14;0) and non-verbal cognitive skills, and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Children, Language Impairments
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Hartman, Kelly M.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein; Newman, Rochelle S. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
There have been many studies examining the differences between infant-directed speech (IDS) and adult-directed speech (ADS). However, investigations asking whether mothers clarify vowel articulation in IDS have reached equivocal findings. Moreover, it is unclear whether maternal speech clarification has any effect on a child's developing language…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Language Acquisition
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Havron, Naomi; Arnon, Inbal – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Can emergent literacy impact the size of the linguistic units children attend to? We examined children's ability to segment multiword sequences before and after they learned to read, in order to disentangle the effect of literacy and age on segmentation. We found that early readers were better at segmenting multiword units (after controlling for…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Children, Linguistic Input, Language Processing
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Lee, Sue Ann S.; Iverson, Gregory K. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The present study examined the speech production of three-year-old Korean-English bilingual (KEB) children. English and Korean stops, as well as front vowels in both languages, were compared acoustically among the KEB children, then also measured against those of their age-equivalent monolingual counterparts. Evidence of distinctive phonetic…
Descriptors: Korean, English, Bilingualism, Young Children
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Vogt, Susanne; Kauschke, Christina – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Research has shown that observing iconic gestures helps typically developing children (TD) and children with specific language impairment (SLI) learn new words. So far, studies mostly compared word learning with and without gestures. The present study investigated word learning under two gesture conditions in children with and without language…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Child Language, Language Impairments, Language Acquisition
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Hilton, Matt; Westermann, Gert – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study set out to examine whether shyness, an aversion to novelty and unfamiliar social situations, can affect the processes that underlie early word learning. Twenty-four-month-old children (n = 32 ) were presented with sets of one novel and two familiar objects, and it was found that shyer children were less likely to select a novel object…
Descriptors: Shyness, Toddlers, Retention (Psychology), Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Chen, Fei; Peng, Gang; Yan, Nan; Wang, Lan – Journal of Child Language, 2017
To track the course of development in children's fine-grained perception of Mandarin tones, the present study explored how categorical perception (CP) of Mandarin tones emerges along age among 70 four- to seven-year-old children and 16 adults. Prominent discrimination peaks were found for both the child and the adult groups, and they were well…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Young Children, Adults, Age Differences
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Frizelle, Pauline; O'Neill, Clodagh; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Although sentence repetition is considered a reliable measure of children's grammatical knowledge, few studies have directly compared children's sentence repetition performance with their understanding of grammatical structures. The current study aimed to compare children's performance on these two assessment measures, using a multiple-choice…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Elementary School Students
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Colombo, Lucia; Navarrete, Eduardo; Arfé, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Noun and verb acquisition was investigated in three- and five-year-old Italian children by means of picture naming of objects and actions, selected from Druks and Masterson (2000). The aim was to examine the previously reported advantage of nouns compared to verbs. Older children were faster than younger children, and naming latencies were faster…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Acquisition, Young Children, Nouns
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