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Showing 106 to 120 of 1,496 results Save | Export
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Habib, Rania – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study compares the use of the variable (q), which is realized as rural [q] and urban [?], in the speech of twenty-two parents and their twenty-one children from the village of Oyoun Al-Wadi in Syria. The study shows that children acquire the general gendered linguistic pattern of the community but do not replicate the linguistic frequencies…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Speech, Parents
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Chen, Jidong – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Children have to figure out the lexicalization of meaning components in learning verb semantics (e.g. Behrens, 1998; Gentner, 1982; Tomasello & Brooks, 1998). The meaning of an English state-change verb (e.g. "break") is divided into two portions (i.e. cause and result), respectively encoded with a separate verb in a Mandarin…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Verbs, Semantics, Children
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Jessen, Anna; Fleischhauer, Elisabeth; Clahsen, Harald – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study reports developmental changes in morphological encoding across late childhood. We examined event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during the silent production of regularly vs. irregularly inflected verb forms (viz. "-t" vs. "-n" participles of German) in groups of eight- to ten-year-olds, eleven- to…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Verbs, Language Processing, Children
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Takac, Martin; Knott, Alistair; Stokes, Stephanie – Journal of Child Language, 2017
In this paper, we investigate the effect of neighbourhood density (ND) on vocabulary size in a computational model of vocabulary development. A word has a high ND if there are many words phonologically similar to it. High ND words are more easily learned by infants of all abilities (e.g. Storkel, 2009; Stokes, 2014). We present a neural network…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Infants, Cognitive Mapping, Phonology
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Riches, Nick G. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have language difficulties of unknown origin. Syntactic profiles are atypical, with poor performance on non-canonical structures, e.g. object relatives, suggesting a localized deficit. However, existing analyses using ANOVAs are problematic because they do not systematically address unequal…
Descriptors: Profiles, Language Impairments, Statistical Analysis, Children
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Mak, Willem M.; Tribushinina, Elena; Lomako, Julia; Gagarina, Natalia; Abrosova, Ekaterina; Sanders, Ted – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Production studies show that both Russian-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI) and bilingual children for whom Russian is a non-dominant language have difficulty distinguishing between the near-synonymous connectives "i" "and" and "a" "and/but." "I" is a preferred connective…
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Monolingualism, Language Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Marjanovic-Umek, Ljubica; Fekonja-Peklaj, Urška; Socan, Gregor – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The aim of this longitudinal study, carried out on a sample of Slovenian-speaking toddlers, was to analyze developmental changes and stability in early vocabulary development; to establish relations between toddler's vocabulary and grammar; and to analyze the effects of parental education and the frequency of shared reading on toddlers' vocabulary…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Vocabulary Development, Toddlers, Grammar
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Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Putnick, Diane L.; Bornstein, Marc H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Many studies have addressed the question of the relative dominance of nouns over verbs in the productive vocabularies of children in the second year of life. Surprisingly, cross-class (noun-to-verb and verb-to-noun) relations between these two lexical categories have seldom been investigated. The present longitudinal study employed observational…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Prediction, Regression (Statistics)
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Knoepke, Julia; Richter, Tobias; Isberner, Maj-Britt; Naumann, Johannes; Neeb, Yvonne; Weinert, Sabine – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Establishing local coherence relations is central to text comprehension. Positive-causal coherence relations link a cause and its consequence, whereas negative-causal coherence relations add a contrastive meaning (negation) to the causal link. According to the cumulative cognitive complexity approach, negative-causal coherence relations are…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Accuracy, German, Elementary School Students
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Karlsen, Jannicke; Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas; Lervåg, Arne – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study examined the vocabulary development of Norwegian second language (L2) learners with Urdu/Punjabi as their first language (L1) at two time-points from kindergarten to primary school, and compared it to the vocabulary development of monolingual Norwegian children. Using path models, the associations between number of picture books in the…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Norwegian, Second Language Learning, Native Language
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Álvarez, Carlos J.; Garcia-Saavedra, Guacimara; Luque, Juan L.; Taft, Marcus – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Some inconsistency is observed in the results from studies of reading development regarding the role of the syllable in visual word recognition, perhaps due to a disparity between the tasks used. We adopted a word-spotting paradigm, with Spanish children of second grade (mean age: 7 years) and sixth grade (mean age: 11 years). The children were…
Descriptors: Syllables, Word Recognition, Spanish, Role
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Ambridge, Ben; Pine, Julian M. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Four- and five-year-old children took part in an elicited familiar and novel Lithuanian noun production task to test predictions of input-based accounts of the acquisition of inflectional morphology. Two major findings emerged. First, as predicted by input-based accounts, correct production rates were correlated with the input frequency of the…
Descriptors: Word Frequency, Phonological Awareness, Nouns, Morphology (Languages)
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Boderé, Anneleen; Jaspaert, Koen – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Recent research indicates that infants can learn novel words equally well through addressed speech as through overhearing two adult experimenters. The current study examined to which extent six-year-old children learn from overhearing opportunities in regular kindergarten classroom practices. Fifty-three children (M age = 5;6) were exposed to a…
Descriptors: Young Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Kindergarten, Story Telling
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Li, Hong; Dronjic, Vedran; Chen, Xi; Li, Yixun; Cheng, Yahua; Wu, Xinchun – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study investigates the contributions of semantic, phonological, and orthographic factors to morphological awareness of 413 Chinese-speaking students in Grades 2, 4, and 6, and its relationship with reading comprehension. Participants were orally presented with pairs of bimorphemic compounds and asked to judge whether the first morphemes of…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Semantics, Phonology, Orthographic Symbols
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Abu-Zhaya, Rana; Seidl, Amanda; Cristia, Alejandrina – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Both touch and speech independently have been shown to play an important role in infant development. However, little is known about how they may be combined in the input to the child. We examined the use of touch and speech together by having mothers read their 5-month-olds books about body parts and animals. Results suggest that speech+touch…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Development, Tactual Perception, Reading Aloud to Others
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