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Showing 91 to 105 of 1,496 results Save | Export
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Falkum, Ingrid L.; Recasens, Marta; Clark, Eve V. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study investigates preschoolers' ability to understand and produce novel metonyms. We gave forty-seven children (aged 2;9-5;9) and twenty-seven adults one comprehension task and two elicitation tasks. The first elicitation task investigated their ability to use metonyms as referential shorthands, and the second their willingness to name…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Preschool Children, Adults, Task Analysis
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Li, Hui; Jing, Mengguo; Wong, Eileen Chin Mei – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study examined the development of and possible predictors of interrogative forms and functions in early childhood Mandarin. All the interrogatives drawn from the Early Child Mandarin Corpus (168 children 2;6, 3;6, 4;6, and 5;6) were analyzed. The main results indicated that (i) there were significant age effects in interrogative forms and…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Child Language, Computational Linguistics, Language Acquisition
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Kirjavainen, Minna; Kidd, Evan; Lieven, Elena – Journal of Child Language, 2017
We report three studies (one corpus, two experimental) that investigated the acquisition of relative clauses (RCs) in Finnish-speaking children. Study 1 found that Finnish children's naturalistic exposure to RCs predominantly consists of non-subject relatives (i.e. oblique, object) which typically have inanimate head nouns. Study 2 tested…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Phrase Structure, Child Language, Computational Linguistics
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Jerger, Susan; Damian, Markus F.; Tye-Murrey, Nancy; Abdi, Herve – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Adults use vision to perceive low-fidelity speech; yet how children acquire this ability is not well understood. The literature indicates that children show reduced sensitivity to visual speech from kindergarten to adolescence. We hypothesized that this pattern reflects the effects of complex tasks and a growth period with harder-to-utilize…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Visual Perception, Preschool Children, Children
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Kidd, Joanna C.; Shum, Kathy K.; Wong, Anita M.-Y.; Ho, Connie S.-H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Auditory processing and spoken word recognition difficulties have been observed in Specific Language Impairment (SLI), raising the possibility that auditory perceptual deficits disrupt word recognition and, in turn, phonological processing and oral language. In this study, fifty-seven kindergarten children with SLI and fifty-three language-typical…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Word Recognition, Sino Tibetan Languages, Language Impairments
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Nicolas, Ramona Kunene; Guidetti, Michele; Colletta, Jean-Marc – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The present study reports on a developmental and cross-linguistic study of oral narratives produced by speakers of Zulu (a Bantu language) and French (a Romance language). Specifically, we focus on oral narrative performance as a bimodal (i.e., linguistic and gestural) behaviour during the late language acquisition phase. We analyzed seventy-two…
Descriptors: African Languages, French, Nonverbal Communication, Speech
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Choe, Jinsun; O'Grady, William – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This paper investigates English-speaking children's acquisition of raising constructions (e.g. "John seems to Mary to be happy") and fnds an asymmetric effect of NP type on their comprehension: an improvement in performance is observed when a lexical NP is raised across a pronominal experiencer (e.g. "John seems to her to be…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Grammar, English
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Bunce, John P.; Scott, Rose M. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
While recent studies suggest children can use cross-situational information to learn words, these studies involved minimal referential ambiguity, and the cross-situational evidence overwhelmingly favored a single referent for each word. Here we asked whether 2-5-year-olds could identify a noun's referent when the scene and cross-situational…
Descriptors: Ambiguity (Semantics), Toddlers, Young Children, Evidence
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Frank, Michael C.; Braginsky, Mika; Yurovsky, Daniel; Marchman, Virginia A. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDIs) are a widely used family of parent-report instruments for easy and inexpensive data-gathering about early language acquisition. CDI data have been used to explore a variety of theoretically important topics, but, with few exceptions, researchers have had to rely on data collected in…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Measures (Individuals), Language Acquisition, Databases
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Schwarz, Amy Louise; Van Kleeck, Anne; Maguire, Mandy J.; Abdi, Herve – Journal of Child Language, 2017
To better understand how toddlers integrate multiple learning strategies to acquire verbs, we compared sensorimotor recruitment and comparison learning because both strategies are thought to boost children's access to scene-level information. For sensorimotor recruitment, we tested having toddlers use dolls as agents and compared this strategy…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Verbs
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Graham, Susan A.; San Juan, Valerie; Khu, Melanie – Journal of Child Language, 2017
When linguistic information alone does not clarify a speaker's intended meaning, skilled communicators can draw on a variety of cues to infer communicative intent. In this paper, we review research examining the developmental emergence of preschoolers' sensitivity to a communicative partner's perspective. We focus particularly on preschoolers'…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Language Acquisition, Cues, Preschool Children
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Conwell, Erin – Journal of Child Language, 2017
One strategy that children might use to sort words into grammatical categories such as noun and verb is distributional bootstrapping, in which local co-occurrence information is used to distinguish between categories. Words that can be used in more than one grammatical category could be problematic for this approach. Using naturalistic corpus…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Suprasegmentals, Grammar
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Ferguson, Brock; Waxman, Sandra – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Language exerts a powerful influence on our concepts. We review evidence documenting the developmental origins of a precocious link between language and object categories in very young infants. This collection of studies documents a cascading process in which early links between language and cognition provide the foundation for later, more precise…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Concept Formation, Classification, Infants
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D'Souza, Dean; D'Souza, Hana; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette – Journal of Child Language, 2017
In order to understand how language abilities emerge in typically and atypically developing infants and toddlers, it is important to embrace complexity in development. In this paper, we describe evidence that early language development is an experience-dependent process, shaped by diverse, interconnected, interdependent developmental mechanisms,…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Infants, Toddlers, Language Skills
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Barner, David – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Perceptual representations of objects and approximate magnitudes are often invoked as building blocks that children combine to acquire the positive integers. Systems of numerical perception are either assumed to contain the logical foundations of arithmetic innately, or to supply the basis for their induction. I propose an alternative to this…
Descriptors: Numbers, Perception, Children, Learning
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