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Showing 31 to 45 of 1,496 results Save | Export
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Carmiol, Ana M.; Matthews, Danielle; Rodríguez-Villagra, Odir A. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Asking children to clarify themselves promotes their ability to uniquely identify objects in referential communication tasks. However, little is known about whether parents ask preschoolers for clarification during interactions and, if so, how. Study 1 explored how mothers clarify their preschoolers' ambiguous descriptions of the characters in…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Preschool Children, Child Language, Mothers
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Sundara, Megha – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children pay more attention to the beginnings and ends of sentences rather than the middle. In natural speech, ends of sentences are prosodically and segmentally enhanced; they are also privileged by sensory and recall advantages. We contrasted whether acoustic enhancement or sensory and recall-related advantages are necessary and sufficient for…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Grammar, Morphemes, Sentences
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Davis, Barbara; van der Feest, Suzanne; Yi, Hoyoung – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigates whether the earliest words children choose to say are mainly words containing sounds they can produce (cf. 'phonological dominance' hypotheses), or whether children choose words without regard to their phonological characteristics (cf. 'lexical dominance' hypotheses). Phonological properties of words in spontaneous speech…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Child Language, Language Usage, Phonology
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Hervé, Coralie; Serratrice, Ludovica – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This paper reports the preliminary results of a study examining the role of structural overlap, language exposure, and language use on cross-linguistic influence (CLI) in bilingual first language acquisition. We focus on the longitudinal development of determiners in a corpus of two French-English children between the ages of 2;4 and 3;7. The…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Native Language, English, Language Acquisition
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Colletta, Jean-Marc; Pellenq, Catherine; Hadian-Cefidekhanie, Ali; Rousset, Isabelle – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This paper reports on an original study designed to investigate age-related change in the way French children produce speech during oral narrative, considering both prosodic parameters -- speaking rate and duration of the prosodic speech unit -- and linguistic structure. Eighty-five French children aged four to eleven years were asked to tell a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Articulation (Speech), Phonics
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Bent, Tessa – Journal of Child Language, 2018
School-age children's understanding of unfamiliar accents is not adult-like and the age at which this ability fully matures is unknown. To address this gap, eight- to fifteen-year-old children's (n = 74) understanding of native- and non-native-accented sentences in quiet and noise was assessed. Children's performance was adult-like by eleven to…
Descriptors: Dialects, Pronunciation, Comprehension, Children
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Butler, Joseph; Frota, Sónia – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Word segmentation plays a crucial role in language acquisition, particularly for word learning and syntax development, and possibly predicts later language abilities. Previous studies have suggested that this ability develops differently across languages, possibly affected by the languages' rhythmic properties (Rhythmic Segmentation Hypothesis)…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Suprasegmentals, Syntax
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Mok, Peggy Pik Ki; Lee, Albert – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous studies on bilingual children found intact tonal development at the initial stages of interaction between Cantonese and English in successive bilingual children, whereas children exposed to both languages from birth have not been studied in this regard. We examined the production of Cantonese tones by five simultaneous bilingual children…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Tone Languages, Sino Tibetan Languages, English
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Saiegh-Haddad, Elinor; Haj, Lina – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The study tested the impact of the phonological distance between Spoken Arabic (SpA) and Standard Arabic (StA) on quality of phonological representations among kindergarten, first-, second-, and sixth-grade Arabic-speaking children (N = 120). A pronunciation accuracy judgment task targeted three types of StA words that varied in extent of…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Phonology, Phonological Awareness, Kindergarten
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Tal, Shira; Arnon, Inbal – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Socio-economic status (SES) impacts the amount and type of input children hear in ways that have developmental consequences. Here, we examine the effect of SES on the use of variation sets (successive utterances with partial self-repetitions) in child-directed speech (CDS). Variation sets have been found to facilitate language learning, but have…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Child Language, Caregivers, Semitic Languages
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Hickmann, Maya; Hendriks, Henriëtte; Harr, Anne-Katharina; Bonnet, Philippe – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous research on motion expression indicates that typological properties influence how speakers select and express information in discourse (Slobin, 2004; Talmy, 2000). The present study further addresses this question by examining the expression of caused motion by adults and children (three to ten years) in French ("Verb-framed")…
Descriptors: Child Language, Contrastive Linguistics, English, German
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Snape, Simon; Krott, Andrea – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Young children are conservative when extending novel verbs to novel exemplars. We investigated whether multiple, simultaneously presented exemplars would aid young children's verb learning, as well as the importance of exemplar variability. Three-year-olds were taught novel verbs, while viewing either one action-scene featuring a novel action…
Descriptors: Verbs, Toddlers, Teaching Methods, Language Acquisition
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Bernier, Dana E.; Soderstrom, Melanie – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study tested infants' ability to segregate target speech from a background of ecologically valid multi-talker speech at a 10 dB SNR. Using the Headturn Preference Procedure, 72 English-learning 5-, 9-, and 12-month-old monolinguals were tested on their ability to detect and perceive their own name. At all three ages infants were able to…
Descriptors: Infants, Auditory Perception, Listening, Listening Comprehension
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Ota, Mitsuhiko; Skarabela, Barbora – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study explores the possibility that early word segmentation is aided by infants' tendency to segment words with repeated syllables ("reduplication"). Twenty-four nine-month-olds were familiarized with passages containing one novel reduplicated word and one novel non-reduplicated word. Their central fixation times in response to…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Word Study Skills, Infants, Syllables
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Taliancich-Klinger, Casey L.; Bedore, Lisa M.; Pena, Elizabeth D. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Preposition knowledge is important for academic success. The goal of this project was to examine how different variables such as English input and output, Spanish preposition score, mother education level, and age of English exposure (AoEE) may have played a role in children's preposition knowledge in English. 148 Spanish-English children between…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Repetition, Task Analysis, Spanish
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