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Showing 16 to 30 of 1,496 results Save | Export
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Yang, Jing – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigated the durational features of English word-initial /s/+stop clusters produced by bilingual Mandarin (L1)-English (L2) children and monolingual English children and adults. The participants included two groups of five- to six-year-old bilingual children: low proficiency in the L2 (Bi-low) and high proficiency in the L2…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Mandarin Chinese, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Treiman, Rebecca; Decker, Kristina; Robins, Sarah; Ghosh, Dina; Rosales, Nicole – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Conversations about literacy-related matters with parents can help prepare children for formal literacy instruction. We studied these conversations using data gathered from fifty-six US families as they engaged in daily activities at home. Analyzing conversations when children were aged 1;10, 2;6, 3;6, and 4;2, we found that explicit talk about…
Descriptors: Literacy, Parent Child Relationship, Dialogs (Language), Young Children
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Singh, Leher – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The purpose of the current study was to examine effects of bilingual language input on infant word segmentation and on talker generalization. In the present study, monolingually and bilingually exposed infants were compared on their abilities to recognize familiarized words in speech and to maintain generalizable representations of familiarized…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Word Recognition, Monolingualism, Infants
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Erdener, Dogu; Burnham, Denis – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Despite the body of research on auditory-visual speech perception in infants and schoolchildren, development in the early childhood period remains relatively uncharted. In this study, English-speaking children between three and four years of age were investigated for: (i) the development of visual speech perception--lip-reading and visual…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Visual Perception, Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language
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Lany, Jill; Shoaib, Amber; Thompson, Abbie; Estes, Katharine Graf – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Infants are adept at learning statistical regularities in artificial language materials, suggesting that the ability to learn statistical structure may support language development. Indeed, infants who perform better on statistical learning tasks tend to be more advanced in parental reports of infants' language skills. Work with adults suggests…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Processing, Syllables, Language Acquisition
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Reese, Elaine; Keegan, Peter; McNaughton, Stuart; Kingi, Te Kani; Carr, Polly Atatoa; Schmidt, Johanna; Mohal, Jatender; Grant, Cameron; Morton, Susan – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study assessed the status of te reo Maori, the indigenous language of New Zealand, in the context of New Zealand English. From a broadly representative sample of 6327 two-year-olds ("Growing Up in New Zealand"), 6090 mothers (96%) reported their children understood English, and 763 mothers (12%) reported their children understood…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Malayo Polynesian Languages, Pacific Islanders, Indigenous Populations
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Janke, Vikki – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Non-obligatory control constructions (NOC) are sentences which contain a non-finite clause with a null subject whose reference is determined pragmatically. Little is known about how children assign reference to these subjects, yet this is important as our current understanding of reference-resolution development is limited to less complex…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Child Language, Task Analysis, Phrase Structure
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Köder, Franziska; Maier, Emar – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children struggle with the interpretation of pronouns in direct speech ("Ann said, 'I get a cookie'"), but not in indirect speech ("Ann said that she gets a cookie") (Köder & Maier, 2016). Yet children's books consistently favor direct over indirect speech (Baker & Freebody, 1989). To reconcile these seemingly…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Personal Narratives, Indo European Languages, Foreign Countries
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Menke, Mandy R. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Rhotics, particularly the trill, are late acquired sounds in Spanish. Reports of Spanish-English bilingual preschoolers document age-appropriate articulations, but studies do not explore productions once exposure to English increases. This paper reports on the rhotic productions of a cross-sectional sample of 31 Spanish-English bilingual children,…
Descriptors: Child Language, Bilingualism, Children, Spanish Speaking
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Hall, Jessica; Owen Van Horne, Amanda; Farmer, Thomas – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The goal of this study was to determine if typically developing children could form grammatical categories from distributional information alone. Twenty-seven children aged six to nine listened to an artifcial grammar which contained strategic gaps in its distribution. At test, we compared how children rated novel sentences that ft the grammar to…
Descriptors: Grammar, Classification, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Owens, Sarah J.; Thacker, Justine M.; Graham, Susan A. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Speech disfluencies can guide the ways in which listeners interpret spoken language. Here, we examined whether three-year-olds, five-year-olds, and adults use filled pauses to anticipate that a speaker is likely to refer to a novel object. Across three experiments, participants were presented with pairs of novel and familiar objects and heard a…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Young Children, Adults, Age Differences
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Spenader, Jennifer – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Production studies show connective acquisition by age 3;0, but comprehension studies show errors until 9;0 or older. To further investigate this gap, two comprehension tasks were carried out with 78 Dutch children between the ages of 7;0 and 10;1, testing contrastive "maar" 'but' and causal "want" 'because' connectives for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Indo European Languages, Contrastive Linguistics, Children
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Gros-Louis, Julie; Miller, Jennifer L. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Social feedback is a driving force for speech development. A recent study provided a key finding to explain how contingent responses influence developmental change: infant speech-related vocalizations are contingent on responses to prior speech-related vocalizations (Warlaumont "et al.," 2014). However, the study did not distinguish…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Speech Communication, Developmental Stages, Infants
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Lohndorf, Regina T.; Vermeer, Harriet J.; Cárcamo, Rodrigo A.; Mesman, Judi – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Preschoolers' vocabulary acquisition sets the stage for later reading ability and school achievement. This study examined the role of socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of the home environment of seventy-seven Chilean majority and Mapuche minority families from low and lower-middle-class backgrounds in explaining individual differences in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Vocabulary Development, Socioeconomic Status
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Noble, Claire H.; Cameron-Faulkner, Thea; Lieven, Elena – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The positive effects of shared book reading on vocabulary and reading development are well attested (e.g., Bus, van Ijzendoorn, & Pellegrini, 1995). However, the role of shared book reading in GRAMMATICAL DEVELOPMENT remains unclear. In this study, we conducted a construction-based analysis of caregivers' child-directed speech during shared…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Acquisition, Reading Aloud to Others, Children
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