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Showing 166 to 180 of 1,496 results Save | Export
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Kamowski-Shakibai, Margaret T.; Cairns, Helen Smith – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study investigates the development of metalinguistic skills, particularly ambiguity detection, and whether training accelerates this development for prereaders in kindergarten (5;5-6;6). It is the first to compare homophone detection with lexically ambiguous sentence detection in which the same homophones appear. The experimental group…
Descriptors: Child Language, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Language Acquisition
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Giezen, Marcel R.; Escudero, Paola; Baker, Anne E. – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study investigates the role of acoustic salience and hearing impairment in learning phonologically minimal pairs. Picture-matching and object-matching tasks were used to investigate the learning of consonant and vowel minimal pairs in five- to six-year-old deaf children with a cochlear implant (CI), and children of the same age with normal…
Descriptors: Child Language, Young Children, Vocabulary Development, Hearing Impairments
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Hidaka, Shohei – Journal of Child Language, 2016
The number of unique words in children's speech is one of most basic statistics indicating their language development. We may, however, face difficulties when trying to accurately evaluate the number of unique words in a child's growing corpus over time with a limited sample size. This study proposes a novel technique to estimate the latent number…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Accuracy
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Gonzalez-Gomez, Nayeli; Nazzi, Thierry – Journal of Child Language, 2016
The ability to compute non-adjacent regularities is key in the acquisition of a new language. In the domain of phonology/phonotactics, sensitivity to non-adjacent regularities between consonants has been found to appear between 7 and 10 months. The present study focuses on the emergence of a posterior-anterior (PA) bias, a regularity involving two…
Descriptors: Child Language, Infants, Language Acquisition, Phonology
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Hu, Shenai; Gavarró, Anna; Vernice, Mirta; Guasti, Maria Teresa – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study examines the comprehension of relative clauses by Chinese-speaking children, and evaluates the validity of the predictions of the Dependency Locality Theory (Gibson, 1998, 2000) and the Relativized Minimality approach (Friedmann, Belletti & Rizzi, 2009). One hundred and twenty children from three to eight years of age were tested by…
Descriptors: Child Language, Chinese, Form Classes (Languages), Young Children
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de Marchena, Ashley; Eigsti, Inge-Marie – Journal of Child Language, 2016
Deficits in pragmatic language are central to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here we investigate common ground, a pragmatic language skill in which speakers adjust the contents of their speech based on their interlocutor's perceived knowledge, in adolescents with ASD and typical development (TD), using an experimental narrative paradigm.…
Descriptors: Child Language, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Köymen, Bahar; Lieven, Elena; Brandt, Silke – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study investigates the coordination of matrix and subordinate clauses within finite complement-clause constructions. The data come from diary and audio recordings which include the utterances produced by an American English-speaking child, L, between the ages 1;08 and 3;05. We extracted all the finite complement-clause constructions that L…
Descriptors: Child Language, Infants, Syntax, Semantics
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Gámez, Perla B.; Shimpi, Priya M. – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study uses a structural priming technique with young Spanish speakers to test whether exposure to a rare syntactic form in Spanish ("fue"-passive) would increase the production and comprehension of that form. In Study 1, 14 six-year-old Spanish speakers described pictures of transitive scenes. This baseline study revealed that…
Descriptors: Priming, Spanish, Spanish Speaking, Syntax
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Lustigman, Lyle; Berman, Ruth A. – Journal of Child Language, 2016
The study characterizes developmental trends in early Hebrew clause-combining (CC) by analyzing the interplay between linguistic form and communicative function in different interactional settings. Analysis applied to all utterances produced by three children aged 2;0-3;0 who combined two or more clauses, either self-initiated or on the basis of…
Descriptors: Child Language, Young Children, Semitic Languages, Form Classes (Languages)
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Ninio, Anat – Journal of Child Language, 2016
Before they are 3;0-3;6, children typically do not engage with peers in focused interaction, although they do with adults. With parents, children interact around the "here-and-now". We hypothesize that young peers do not attempt to establish joint attention to present objects. Using the CHILDES database, we compared attention-directives…
Descriptors: Young Children, Peer Relationship, Interaction Process Analysis, Attention
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Uno, Mariko – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study investigates the emergence and development of the discourse-pragmatic functions of the Japanese subject markers "wa" and "ga" from a usage-based perspective (Tomasello, 2000). The use of each marker in longitudinal speech data for four Japanese children from 1;0 to 3;1 and their parents available in the CHILDES…
Descriptors: Japanese, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Child Language
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Shin, Naomi Lapidus – Journal of Child Language, 2016
Constraints on linguistic variation are consistent across adult speakers, yielding probabilistic and systematic patterns. Yet, little is known about the development of such patterns during childhood. This study investigates Spanish subject pronoun expression in naturalistic data from 154 monolingual children in Mexico, divided into four age…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Language, Children, Spanish
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Salo, Virginia C.; Rowe, Meredith L.; Leech, Kathryn A.; Cabrera, Natasha J. – Journal of Child Language, 2016
Fathers' child-directed speech across two contexts was examined. Father-child dyads from sixty-nine low-income families were videotaped interacting during book reading and toy play when children were 2;0. Fathers used more diverse vocabulary and asked more questions during book reading while their mean length of utterance was longer during toy…
Descriptors: Low Income, Fathers, Interpersonal Communication, Toddlers
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Vukatana, Ena; Curtin, Suzanne; Graham, Susan A. – Journal of Child Language, 2016
We investigated 16- and 20-month-olds' flexibility in mapping phonotactically illegal words to objects. Using an associative word-learning task, infants were presented with a training phase that either highlighted or did not highlight the referential status of a novel label. Infants were then habituated to two novel objects, each paired with a…
Descriptors: Child Language, Infants, Foreign Countries, Phonology
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Zahner, Katharina; Schonhuber, Muna; Braun, Bettina – Journal of Child Language, 2016
We tested German nine-month-olds' reliance on pitch and metrical stress for segmentation. In a headturn-preference paradigm, infants were familiarized with trisyllabic words (weak-strong-weak (WSW) stress pattern) in sentence-contexts. The words were presented in one of three naturally occurring intonation conditions: one in which high pitch was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Infants, Child Language, German
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