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Showing 1 to 15 of 279 results Save | Export
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Tamasi, Katalin; McKean, Christina; Gafos, Adamantios; Hohle, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In a preferential looking paradigm, we studied how children's looking behavior and pupillary response were modulated by the degree of phonological mismatch between the correct label of a target referent and its manipulated form. We manipulated degree of mismatch by introducing one or more featural changes to the target label. Both looking behavior…
Descriptors: Phonology, Child Language, Preferences, Child Behavior
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Van Goch, Merel M.; Verhoeven, Ludo; McQueen, James M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In lexical development, the specificity of phonological representations is important. The ability to build phonologically specific lexical representations predicts the number of words a child knows (vocabulary breadth), but it is not clear if it also fosters how well words are known (vocabulary depth). Sixty-six children were studied in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Prediction, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Han, Min Kyung; Storkel, Holly; Bontempo, Daniel E. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Many studies have addressed the effect of neighborhood density (phonological similarity among words) on word learning in quiet listening conditions. We explored how noise influences the effect of neighborhood density on children's word learning. One-hundred-and-two preschoolers learned nonwords varied in neighborhood density in one of four…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Phonology
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Erdener, Dogu; Burnham, Denis – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Despite the body of research on auditory-visual speech perception in infants and schoolchildren, development in the early childhood period remains relatively uncharted. In this study, English-speaking children between three and four years of age were investigated for: (i) the development of visual speech perception--lip-reading and visual…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Visual Perception, Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language
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Lohndorf, Regina T.; Vermeer, Harriet J.; Cárcamo, Rodrigo A.; Mesman, Judi – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Preschoolers' vocabulary acquisition sets the stage for later reading ability and school achievement. This study examined the role of socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of the home environment of seventy-seven Chilean majority and Mapuche minority families from low and lower-middle-class backgrounds in explaining individual differences in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Vocabulary Development, Socioeconomic Status
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Davis, Barbara; van der Feest, Suzanne; Yi, Hoyoung – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigates whether the earliest words children choose to say are mainly words containing sounds they can produce (cf. 'phonological dominance' hypotheses), or whether children choose words without regard to their phonological characteristics (cf. 'lexical dominance' hypotheses). Phonological properties of words in spontaneous speech…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Child Language, Language Usage, Phonology
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Che, Elizabeth S.; Brooks, Patricia J.; Alarcon, Maria F.; Yannaco, Francis D.; Donnelly, Seamus – Journal of Child Language, 2018
When engaged in conversation, both parents and children tend to re-use words that their partner has just said. This study explored whether proportions of maternal and/or child utterances that overlapped in content with what their partner had just said contributed to growth in mean length of utterance (MLU), developmental sentence score, and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Computational Linguistics, Databases
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Goodrich, J. Marc; Lonigan, Christopher J. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study evaluated the development of vocabulary knowledge over the course of two academic years, beginning in preschool, in a large sample (N = 944) of language-minority children using scores from single-language vocabulary assessments and conceptual scores. Results indicated that although children began the study with higher raw scores for…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Native Language, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development
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Mitrofanova, Natalia; Westergaard, Marit – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This paper focuses on the acquisition of locative prepositional phrases in L1 Norwegian. We report on two production experiments with children acquiring Norwegian as their first language and compare the results to similar experiments conducted with Russian children. The results of the experiments show that Norwegian children at age 2 regularly…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Norwegian, Grammar, Form Classes (Languages)
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Dave, Shruti; Mastergeorge, Ann M.; Olswang, Lesley B. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Responsive parental communication during an infant's first year has been positively associated with later language outcomes. This study explores responsivity in mother-infant communication by modeling how change in guiding language between 7 and 11 months influences toddler vocabulary development. In a group of 32 mother-child dyads, change in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Parent Child Relationship, Toddlers, Longitudinal Studies
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Bleses, Dorthe; Vach, Werner; Dale, Philip S. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Vocabulary input frequency influences age of acquisition, and is also an essential control for investigating the influence of other factors. We propose a new method of frequency estimation, self-report. 918 Danish-speaking parents of 12-36-month-old children estimated their frequency of use of 725 words. Self-report was substantially correlated…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Linguistic Input, Indo European Languages, Parent Child Relationship
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Archer, Stephanie L.; Curtin, Suzanne – Journal of Child Language, 2018
During the first two years of life, infants concurrently refine native-language speech categories and word learning skills. However, in the Switch Task, 14-month-olds do not detect minimal contrasts in a novel object--word pairing (Stager & Werker, 1997). We investigate whether presenting infants with acoustically salient contrasts (liquids)…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Acoustics
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Burnham, Denis – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This longitudinal study assessed three acoustic components of maternal infant-directed speech (IDS) -- pitch, affect, and vowel hyperarticulation -- in relation to infants' age and their expressive vocabulary size. These three individual components were measured in IDS addressed to infants at 7, 9, 11, 15, and 19 months (N = 18). All three…
Descriptors: Infants, Acoustics, Phonology, Language Acquisition
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Legacy, Jacqueline; Reider, Jessica; Crivello, Cristina; Kuzyk, Olivia; Friend, Margaret; Zesiger, Pascal; Poulin-Dubois, Diane – Journal of Child Language, 2017
In order to address gaps in the literature surrounding the acquisition of translation equivalents (TEs) in young bilinguals, two experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, TEs were measured in the expressive vocabularies of thirty-four French-English bilinguals at 1;4, 1;10, and 2;6 using the MacArthur Bates CDI. Children's acquisition of TEs…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Young Children, French, English
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Papafragou, Anna; Fairchild, Sarah; Cohen, Matthew L.; Friedberg, Carlyn – Journal of Child Language, 2017
During communication, hearers try to infer the speaker's intentions to be able to understand what the speaker means. Nevertheless, whether (and how early) preschoolers track their interlocutors' mental states is still a matter of debate. Furthermore, there is disagreement about how children's ability to consult a speaker's belief in communicative…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Inferences, Intention, Preschool Children
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