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Showing 1 to 15 of 215 results Save | Export
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Brouwer, Susanne; Özkan, Deniz; Küntay, Aylin C. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated whether cross-linguistic differences affect semantic prediction. We assessed this by looking at two languages, Dutch and Turkish, that differ in word order and thus vary in how words come together to create sentence meaning. In an eye-tracking task, Dutch and Turkish four-year-olds (N = 40), five-year-olds (N = 58), and…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Contrastive Linguistics, Semantics
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Sundara, Megha – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children pay more attention to the beginnings and ends of sentences rather than the middle. In natural speech, ends of sentences are prosodically and segmentally enhanced; they are also privileged by sensory and recall advantages. We contrasted whether acoustic enhancement or sensory and recall-related advantages are necessary and sufficient for…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Grammar, Morphemes, Sentences
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Snape, Simon; Krott, Andrea – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Young children are conservative when extending novel verbs to novel exemplars. We investigated whether multiple, simultaneously presented exemplars would aid young children's verb learning, as well as the importance of exemplar variability. Three-year-olds were taught novel verbs, while viewing either one action-scene featuring a novel action…
Descriptors: Verbs, Toddlers, Teaching Methods, Language Acquisition
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Deng, Xiangjun; Yip, Virginia – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigates Mandarin-speaking children's knowledge of event semantics in interpreting spatial modifiers with "zai" 'at' after a posture verb or before a placement verb. The event-semantic principles investigated include subevent modification (Parsons, 1990) and aspect shift (Fong, 1997). We conducted an experimental study…
Descriptors: Semantics, Mandarin Chinese, Verbs, Phrase Structure
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Tomoko Tatsumi; Ambridge, Ben; Pine, Julian M. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study tested the claim of input-based accounts of language acquisition that children's inflectional errors reflect competition between different forms of the same verb in memory. In order to distinguish this claim from the claim that inflectional errors reflect the use of a morphosyntactic default, we focused on the Japanese verb system,…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Error Patterns, Morphology (Languages)
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Weil, Lisa Wisman; Leonard, Laurence B. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study employed a paired priming paradigm to ask whether input features influence a child's propensity to use non-nominative versus nominative case in subject position, and to use non-nominative forms even when verbs are marked for agreement. Thirty English-speaking children (ages 2;6 to 3;7) heard sentences with pronouns that had…
Descriptors: Priming, Language Usage, Verbs, Young Children
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Hsu, Ning; Hadley, Pamela A.; Rispoli, Matthew – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The contribution of parent input to children's subsequent expressive verb diversity was explored in twenty typically developing toddlers with small verb lexicons. Child developmental factors and parent input measures (i.e. verb quantity, verb diversity, and verb-related structural cues) at age 1;9 were examined as potential predictors of…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Toddlers, Child Language, Language Acquisition
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Schwarz, Amy Louise; Van Kleeck, Anne; Maguire, Mandy J.; Abdi, Herve – Journal of Child Language, 2017
To better understand how toddlers integrate multiple learning strategies to acquire verbs, we compared sensorimotor recruitment and comparison learning because both strategies are thought to boost children's access to scene-level information. For sensorimotor recruitment, we tested having toddlers use dolls as agents and compared this strategy…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Verbs
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Conwell, Erin – Journal of Child Language, 2017
One strategy that children might use to sort words into grammatical categories such as noun and verb is distributional bootstrapping, in which local co-occurrence information is used to distinguish between categories. Words that can be used in more than one grammatical category could be problematic for this approach. Using naturalistic corpus…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Suprasegmentals, Grammar
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Chen, Jidong – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Children have to figure out the lexicalization of meaning components in learning verb semantics (e.g. Behrens, 1998; Gentner, 1982; Tomasello & Brooks, 1998). The meaning of an English state-change verb (e.g. "break") is divided into two portions (i.e. cause and result), respectively encoded with a separate verb in a Mandarin…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Verbs, Semantics, Children
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Jessen, Anna; Fleischhauer, Elisabeth; Clahsen, Harald – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study reports developmental changes in morphological encoding across late childhood. We examined event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during the silent production of regularly vs. irregularly inflected verb forms (viz. "-t" vs. "-n" participles of German) in groups of eight- to ten-year-olds, eleven- to…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Verbs, Language Processing, Children
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Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Putnick, Diane L.; Bornstein, Marc H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Many studies have addressed the question of the relative dominance of nouns over verbs in the productive vocabularies of children in the second year of life. Surprisingly, cross-class (noun-to-verb and verb-to-noun) relations between these two lexical categories have seldom been investigated. The present longitudinal study employed observational…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Prediction, Regression (Statistics)
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Vogt, Susanne; Kauschke, Christina – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Research has shown that observing iconic gestures helps typically developing children (TD) and children with specific language impairment (SLI) learn new words. So far, studies mostly compared word learning with and without gestures. The present study investigated word learning under two gesture conditions in children with and without language…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Child Language, Language Impairments, Language Acquisition
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Colombo, Lucia; Navarrete, Eduardo; Arfé, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Noun and verb acquisition was investigated in three- and five-year-old Italian children by means of picture naming of objects and actions, selected from Druks and Masterson (2000). The aim was to examine the previously reported advantage of nouns compared to verbs. Older children were faster than younger children, and naming latencies were faster…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Language Acquisition, Young Children, Nouns
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Ravid, Dorit; Vered, Lizzy – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The current study examined the production of Hebrew verbal passives across adolescence as mediated by linguistic register and verb morphology. Participants aged eight to sixteen years and a group of adults were asked to change written active-voice sentences into corresponding passive-voice forms, divided by verb register (neutral and high),…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Verbs, Morphology (Languages), Adolescents
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