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Showing 1 to 15 of 185 results Save | Export
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Contemori, Carla; Carlson, Matthew; Marinis, Theodoros – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous research has shown that children demonstrate similar sentence processing reflexes to those observed in adults, but they have difficulties revising an erroneous initial interpretation when they process garden-path sentences, passives, and "wh"-questions. We used the visual-world paradigm to examine children's use of syntactic and…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Syntax, Ambiguity (Semantics), Eye Movements
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Butler, Joseph; Frota, Sónia – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Word segmentation plays a crucial role in language acquisition, particularly for word learning and syntax development, and possibly predicts later language abilities. Previous studies have suggested that this ability develops differently across languages, possibly affected by the languages' rhythmic properties (Rhythmic Segmentation Hypothesis)…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Suprasegmentals, Syntax
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Tieu, Lyn; Romoli, Jacopo; Poortman, Eva; Winter, Yoad; Crain, Stephen – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous developmental studies of conjunction have focused on the syntax of phrasal and sentential coordination (Lust, 1977; de Villiers, Tager-Flusberg & Hakuta, 1977; Bloom, Lahey, Hood, Lifter & Fiess, 1980, among others). The present study examined the flexibility of children's interpretation of conjunction. Specifically, when two…
Descriptors: Child Language, Form Classes (Languages), Preschool Children, Syntax
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Szendroi, Kriszta; Bernard, Carline; Berger, Frauke; Gervain, Judit; Hohle, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous research on young children's knowledge of prosodic focus marking has revealed an apparent paradox, with comprehension appearing to lag behind production. Comprehension of prosodic focus is difficult to study experimentally due to its subtle and ambiguous contribution to pragmatic meaning. We designed a novel comprehension task, which…
Descriptors: Child Language, Young Children, Suprasegmentals, French
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Bonifacci, Paola; Barbieri, Margherita; Tomassini, Marta; Roch, Maja – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The aim of this study was to compare linguistic and narrative skills of monolingual and bilingual preschoolers and to estimate linguistic predictors of the macro-structural level of narratives. A battery of linguistic measures in Italian was administered to sixty-four Monolinguals and sixty-four Early Bilinguals; it included Vocabulary,…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Skills, Monolingualism, Bilingualism
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Chan, Angel; Yang, Wenchun; Chang, Franklin; Kidd, Evan – Journal of Child Language, 2018
We report on an eye-tracking study that investigated four-year-old Cantonese-speaking children's online processing of subject and object relative clauses (RCs). Children's eye-movements were recorded as they listened to RC structures identifying a unique referent (e.g. "Can you pick up the horse that pushed the pig?"). Two RC types,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Sino Tibetan Languages, Reading Processes, Language Processing
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Hwang, Hyesung G.; Markson, Lori – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children categorize native-accented speakers as local and non-native-accented speakers as foreign, suggesting they use accent (i.e., phonological proficiency) to determine social group membership. However, it is unclear if accent is the strongest--AND ONLY--group marker children use to determine social group membership, or whether other aspects of…
Descriptors: Syntax, Semantics, Phonology, English
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Frizelle, Pauline; Thompson, Paul A.; McDonald, David; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Studies examining productive syntax have used varying elicitation methods and have tended to focus on either young children or adolescents/adults, so we lack an account of syntactic development throughout middle childhood. We describe here the results of an analysis of clause complexity in narratives produced by 354 speakers aged from four years…
Descriptors: Syntax, Child Development, Language Acquisition, Task Analysis
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Drijbooms, Elise; Groen, Margriet A.; Verhoeven, Ludo – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study investigated the development of evaluation in narratives from middle to late childhood, within the context of differentiating between spoken and written modalities. Two parallel forms of a picture story were used to elicit spoken and written narratives from fourth- and sixth-graders. It was expected that, in addition to an increase of…
Descriptors: Children, Speech Communication, Written Language, Grade 4
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Geffen, Susan; Mintz, Toben H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
In many languages, declaratives and interrogatives differ in word order properties, and in syntactic organization more broadly. Thus, in order to learn the distinct syntactic properties of the two sentence types, learners must first be able to distinguish them using non-syntactic information. Prosodic information is often assumed to be a useful…
Descriptors: Infants, Suprasegmentals, Mothers, Speech Communication
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Leech, Kathryn A.; Rowe, Meredith L.; Huang, Yi Ting – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Average differences in children's language abilities by socioeconomic status (SES) emerge early in development and predict academic achievement. Previous research has focused on coarse-grained outcome measures such as vocabulary size, but less is known about the extent to which SES differences exist in children's strategies for comprehension and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Syntax, Socioeconomic Status, Reading Comprehension
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Riches, Nick G. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have language difficulties of unknown origin. Syntactic profiles are atypical, with poor performance on non-canonical structures, e.g. object relatives, suggesting a localized deficit. However, existing analyses using ANOVAs are problematic because they do not systematically address unequal…
Descriptors: Profiles, Language Impairments, Statistical Analysis, Children
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Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Putnick, Diane L.; Bornstein, Marc H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Many studies have addressed the question of the relative dominance of nouns over verbs in the productive vocabularies of children in the second year of life. Surprisingly, cross-class (noun-to-verb and verb-to-noun) relations between these two lexical categories have seldom been investigated. The present longitudinal study employed observational…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Prediction, Regression (Statistics)
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Frizelle, Pauline; O'Neill, Clodagh; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Although sentence repetition is considered a reliable measure of children's grammatical knowledge, few studies have directly compared children's sentence repetition performance with their understanding of grammatical structures. The current study aimed to compare children's performance on these two assessment measures, using a multiple-choice…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Elementary School Students
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Ninio, Anat – Journal of Child Language, 2016
The environmental context of verbs addressed by adults to young children is claimed to be uninformative regarding the verbs' meaning, yielding the Syntactic Bootstrapping Hypothesis that, for verb learning, full sentences are needed to demonstrate the semantic arguments of verbs. However, reanalysis of Gleitman's (1990) original data regarding…
Descriptors: Verbs, Language Acquisition, Pragmatics, Vocabulary Development
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