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Showing 1 to 15 of 198 results Save | Export
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Tamasi, Katalin; McKean, Christina; Gafos, Adamantios; Hohle, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In a preferential looking paradigm, we studied how children's looking behavior and pupillary response were modulated by the degree of phonological mismatch between the correct label of a target referent and its manipulated form. We manipulated degree of mismatch by introducing one or more featural changes to the target label. Both looking behavior…
Descriptors: Phonology, Child Language, Preferences, Child Behavior
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Tang, Ping; Yuen, Ivan; Xu Rattanasone, Nan; Gao, Liqun; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Weak syllables in Germanic and Romance languages have been reported to be challenging for young children, with syllable omission and/or incomplete reduction persisting till age five. In Mandarin Chinese, neutral tone (T0) involves a weak syllable with varied pitch realizations across (preceding) tonal contexts and short duration. The present study…
Descriptors: Syllables, Mandarin Chinese, Tone Languages, Intonation
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Han, Min Kyung; Storkel, Holly; Bontempo, Daniel E. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Many studies have addressed the effect of neighborhood density (phonological similarity among words) on word learning in quiet listening conditions. We explored how noise influences the effect of neighborhood density on children's word learning. One-hundred-and-two preschoolers learned nonwords varied in neighborhood density in one of four…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Phonology
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Ramachers, Stefanie; Brouwer, Susanne; Fikkert, Paula – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Despite the fact that many of the world's languages use lexical tone, the majority of language acquisition studies has focused on non-tone languages. Research on tone languages has typically investigated wellknown tone languages such as Mandarin and Cantonese Chinese. The current study looked at a Limburgian dialect of Dutch that uses lexical…
Descriptors: Infants, Contrastive Linguistics, Intonation, Suprasegmentals
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Yang, Jing – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigated the durational features of English word-initial /s/+stop clusters produced by bilingual Mandarin (L1)-English (L2) children and monolingual English children and adults. The participants included two groups of five- to six-year-old bilingual children: low proficiency in the L2 (Bi-low) and high proficiency in the L2…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Mandarin Chinese, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Menke, Mandy R. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Rhotics, particularly the trill, are late acquired sounds in Spanish. Reports of Spanish-English bilingual preschoolers document age-appropriate articulations, but studies do not explore productions once exposure to English increases. This paper reports on the rhotic productions of a cross-sectional sample of 31 Spanish-English bilingual children,…
Descriptors: Child Language, Bilingualism, Children, Spanish Speaking
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Davis, Barbara; van der Feest, Suzanne; Yi, Hoyoung – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigates whether the earliest words children choose to say are mainly words containing sounds they can produce (cf. 'phonological dominance' hypotheses), or whether children choose words without regard to their phonological characteristics (cf. 'lexical dominance' hypotheses). Phonological properties of words in spontaneous speech…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Child Language, Language Usage, Phonology
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Saiegh-Haddad, Elinor; Haj, Lina – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The study tested the impact of the phonological distance between Spoken Arabic (SpA) and Standard Arabic (StA) on quality of phonological representations among kindergarten, first-, second-, and sixth-grade Arabic-speaking children (N = 120). A pronunciation accuracy judgment task targeted three types of StA words that varied in extent of…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Phonology, Phonological Awareness, Kindergarten
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Mitrofanova, Natalia; Westergaard, Marit – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This paper focuses on the acquisition of locative prepositional phrases in L1 Norwegian. We report on two production experiments with children acquiring Norwegian as their first language and compare the results to similar experiments conducted with Russian children. The results of the experiments show that Norwegian children at age 2 regularly…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Norwegian, Grammar, Form Classes (Languages)
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Hwang, Hyesung G.; Markson, Lori – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children categorize native-accented speakers as local and non-native-accented speakers as foreign, suggesting they use accent (i.e., phonological proficiency) to determine social group membership. However, it is unclear if accent is the strongest--AND ONLY--group marker children use to determine social group membership, or whether other aspects of…
Descriptors: Syntax, Semantics, Phonology, English
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Burnham, Denis – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This longitudinal study assessed three acoustic components of maternal infant-directed speech (IDS) -- pitch, affect, and vowel hyperarticulation -- in relation to infants' age and their expressive vocabulary size. These three individual components were measured in IDS addressed to infants at 7, 9, 11, 15, and 19 months (N = 18). All three…
Descriptors: Infants, Acoustics, Phonology, Language Acquisition
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Singh, Leher; Tan, Aloysia; Wewalaarachchi, Thilanga D. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Children undergo gradual progression in their ability to differentiate correct and incorrect pronunciations of words, a process that is crucial to establishing a native vocabulary. For the most part, the development of mature phonological representations has been researched by investigating children's sensitivity to consonant and vowel variation,…
Descriptors: Child Language, Chinese, Preschool Children, Pronunciation
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Geffen, Susan; Mintz, Toben H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
In many languages, declaratives and interrogatives differ in word order properties, and in syntactic organization more broadly. Thus, in order to learn the distinct syntactic properties of the two sentence types, learners must first be able to distinguish them using non-syntactic information. Prosodic information is often assumed to be a useful…
Descriptors: Infants, Suprasegmentals, Mothers, Speech Communication
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Kim, Minjung; Kim, Soo-Jin; Stoel-Gammon, Carol – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study investigates the phonological acquisition of Korean consonants using conversational speech samples collected from sixty monolingual typically developing Korean children aged two, three, and four years. Phonemic acquisition was examined for syllable-initial and syllable-final consonants. Results showed that Korean children acquired stops…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Korean, Young Children, Phonological Awareness
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Jerger, Susan; Damian, Markus F.; Tye-Murrey, Nancy; Abdi, Herve – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Adults use vision to perceive low-fidelity speech; yet how children acquire this ability is not well understood. The literature indicates that children show reduced sensitivity to visual speech from kindergarten to adolescence. We hypothesized that this pattern reflects the effects of complex tasks and a growth period with harder-to-utilize…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Visual Perception, Preschool Children, Children
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