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Paavola-Ruotsalainen, Leila; Lehtosaari, Jaana; Palomäki, Josefina; Tervo, Immi – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Maternal responsive and directive speech to children at ages 0;10 and 2;0 was investigated by applying a procedure frst introduced by Flynn and Masur (2007) to a new language community (Finnish). The issues examined were consistency and stability over time, and also the role of responsiveness and directiveness in child linguistic development at…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Infants, Prediction
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Treiman, Rebecca; Decker, Kristina; Robins, Sarah; Ghosh, Dina; Rosales, Nicole – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Conversations about literacy-related matters with parents can help prepare children for formal literacy instruction. We studied these conversations using data gathered from fifty-six US families as they engaged in daily activities at home. Analyzing conversations when children were aged 1;10, 2;6, 3;6, and 4;2, we found that explicit talk about…
Descriptors: Literacy, Parent Child Relationship, Dialogs (Language), Young Children
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Gros-Louis, Julie; Miller, Jennifer L. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Social feedback is a driving force for speech development. A recent study provided a key finding to explain how contingent responses influence developmental change: infant speech-related vocalizations are contingent on responses to prior speech-related vocalizations (Warlaumont "et al.," 2014). However, the study did not distinguish…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Speech Communication, Developmental Stages, Infants
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Che, Elizabeth S.; Brooks, Patricia J.; Alarcon, Maria F.; Yannaco, Francis D.; Donnelly, Seamus – Journal of Child Language, 2018
When engaged in conversation, both parents and children tend to re-use words that their partner has just said. This study explored whether proportions of maternal and/or child utterances that overlapped in content with what their partner had just said contributed to growth in mean length of utterance (MLU), developmental sentence score, and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Computational Linguistics, Databases
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Ates, Beyza S.; Küntay, Aylin C. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This paper examines the way children younger than two use non-verbal devices (i.e., deictic gestures and communicative functional acts) and pay attention to discourse status (i.e., prior mention vs. newness) of referents in interactions with caregivers. Data based on semi-naturalistic interactions with caregivers of four children, at ages 1;00,…
Descriptors: Turkish, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Nonverbal Communication
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Dave, Shruti; Mastergeorge, Ann M.; Olswang, Lesley B. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Responsive parental communication during an infant's first year has been positively associated with later language outcomes. This study explores responsivity in mother-infant communication by modeling how change in guiding language between 7 and 11 months influences toddler vocabulary development. In a group of 32 mother-child dyads, change in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Parent Child Relationship, Toddlers, Longitudinal Studies
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Bleses, Dorthe; Vach, Werner; Dale, Philip S. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Vocabulary input frequency influences age of acquisition, and is also an essential control for investigating the influence of other factors. We propose a new method of frequency estimation, self-report. 918 Danish-speaking parents of 12-36-month-old children estimated their frequency of use of 725 words. Self-report was substantially correlated…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Linguistic Input, Indo European Languages, Parent Child Relationship
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Burnham, Denis – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This longitudinal study assessed three acoustic components of maternal infant-directed speech (IDS) -- pitch, affect, and vowel hyperarticulation -- in relation to infants' age and their expressive vocabulary size. These three individual components were measured in IDS addressed to infants at 7, 9, 11, 15, and 19 months (N = 18). All three…
Descriptors: Infants, Acoustics, Phonology, Language Acquisition
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Hsu, Ning; Hadley, Pamela A.; Rispoli, Matthew – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The contribution of parent input to children's subsequent expressive verb diversity was explored in twenty typically developing toddlers with small verb lexicons. Child developmental factors and parent input measures (i.e. verb quantity, verb diversity, and verb-related structural cues) at age 1;9 were examined as potential predictors of…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Toddlers, Child Language, Language Acquisition
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Li, Hui; Jing, Mengguo; Wong, Eileen Chin Mei – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study examined the development of and possible predictors of interrogative forms and functions in early childhood Mandarin. All the interrogatives drawn from the Early Child Mandarin Corpus (168 children 2;6, 3;6, 4;6, and 5;6) were analyzed. The main results indicated that (i) there were significant age effects in interrogative forms and…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Child Language, Computational Linguistics, Language Acquisition
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Marjanovic-Umek, Ljubica; Fekonja-Peklaj, Urška; Socan, Gregor – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The aim of this longitudinal study, carried out on a sample of Slovenian-speaking toddlers, was to analyze developmental changes and stability in early vocabulary development; to establish relations between toddler's vocabulary and grammar; and to analyze the effects of parental education and the frequency of shared reading on toddlers' vocabulary…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Vocabulary Development, Toddlers, Grammar
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Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Putnick, Diane L.; Bornstein, Marc H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Many studies have addressed the question of the relative dominance of nouns over verbs in the productive vocabularies of children in the second year of life. Surprisingly, cross-class (noun-to-verb and verb-to-noun) relations between these two lexical categories have seldom been investigated. The present longitudinal study employed observational…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Prediction, Regression (Statistics)
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Laing, Catherine E.; Vihman, Marilyn; Keren-Portnoy, Tamar – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Onomatopoeia are frequently identified amongst infants' earliest words (Menn & Vihman, 2011), yet few authors have considered why this might be, and even fewer have explored this phenomenon empirically. Here we analyze mothers' production of onomatopoeia in infant-directed speech (IDS) to provide an input-based perspective on these forms.…
Descriptors: Linguistic Input, Language Acquisition, Infants, Intonation
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Hartman, Kelly M.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein; Newman, Rochelle S. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
There have been many studies examining the differences between infant-directed speech (IDS) and adult-directed speech (ADS). However, investigations asking whether mothers clarify vowel articulation in IDS have reached equivocal findings. Moreover, it is unclear whether maternal speech clarification has any effect on a child's developing language…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Language Acquisition
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Ninio, Anat – Journal of Child Language, 2016
The environmental context of verbs addressed by adults to young children is claimed to be uninformative regarding the verbs' meaning, yielding the Syntactic Bootstrapping Hypothesis that, for verb learning, full sentences are needed to demonstrate the semantic arguments of verbs. However, reanalysis of Gleitman's (1990) original data regarding…
Descriptors: Verbs, Language Acquisition, Pragmatics, Vocabulary Development
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