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Showing 1 to 15 of 157 results Save | Export
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Paavola-Ruotsalainen, Leila; Lehtosaari, Jaana; Palomäki, Josefina; Tervo, Immi – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Maternal responsive and directive speech to children at ages 0;10 and 2;0 was investigated by applying a procedure frst introduced by Flynn and Masur (2007) to a new language community (Finnish). The issues examined were consistency and stability over time, and also the role of responsiveness and directiveness in child linguistic development at…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Infants, Prediction
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Reese, Elaine; Keegan, Peter; McNaughton, Stuart; Kingi, Te Kani; Carr, Polly Atatoa; Schmidt, Johanna; Mohal, Jatender; Grant, Cameron; Morton, Susan – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study assessed the status of te reo Maori, the indigenous language of New Zealand, in the context of New Zealand English. From a broadly representative sample of 6327 two-year-olds ("Growing Up in New Zealand"), 6090 mothers (96%) reported their children understood English, and 763 mothers (12%) reported their children understood…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Malayo Polynesian Languages, Pacific Islanders, Indigenous Populations
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Carmiol, Ana M.; Matthews, Danielle; Rodríguez-Villagra, Odir A. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Asking children to clarify themselves promotes their ability to uniquely identify objects in referential communication tasks. However, little is known about whether parents ask preschoolers for clarification during interactions and, if so, how. Study 1 explored how mothers clarify their preschoolers' ambiguous descriptions of the characters in…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Preschool Children, Child Language, Mothers
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Che, Elizabeth S.; Brooks, Patricia J.; Alarcon, Maria F.; Yannaco, Francis D.; Donnelly, Seamus – Journal of Child Language, 2018
When engaged in conversation, both parents and children tend to re-use words that their partner has just said. This study explored whether proportions of maternal and/or child utterances that overlapped in content with what their partner had just said contributed to growth in mean length of utterance (MLU), developmental sentence score, and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Computational Linguistics, Databases
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Dave, Shruti; Mastergeorge, Ann M.; Olswang, Lesley B. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Responsive parental communication during an infant's first year has been positively associated with later language outcomes. This study explores responsivity in mother-infant communication by modeling how change in guiding language between 7 and 11 months influences toddler vocabulary development. In a group of 32 mother-child dyads, change in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Parent Child Relationship, Toddlers, Longitudinal Studies
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Burnham, Denis – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This longitudinal study assessed three acoustic components of maternal infant-directed speech (IDS) -- pitch, affect, and vowel hyperarticulation -- in relation to infants' age and their expressive vocabulary size. These three individual components were measured in IDS addressed to infants at 7, 9, 11, 15, and 19 months (N = 18). All three…
Descriptors: Infants, Acoustics, Phonology, Language Acquisition
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Conway, L. J.; Levickis, P. A.; Menasah, F.; Smith, J. A.; Wake, M.; Reilly, S. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
We explored whether supported (SJE) or coordinated joint engagement (CJE) between mothers recruited from the community and their 24-month-old children who were slow-to-talk at 18 months old were associated with child language scores at ages 24, 36, and 48 months (n = 197). We further explored whether SJE or CJE modifed the concurrent positive…
Descriptors: Child Language, Developmental Delays, Toddlers, Mothers
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Geffen, Susan; Mintz, Toben H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
In many languages, declaratives and interrogatives differ in word order properties, and in syntactic organization more broadly. Thus, in order to learn the distinct syntactic properties of the two sentence types, learners must first be able to distinguish them using non-syntactic information. Prosodic information is often assumed to be a useful…
Descriptors: Infants, Suprasegmentals, Mothers, Speech Communication
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Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Putnick, Diane L.; Bornstein, Marc H. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Many studies have addressed the question of the relative dominance of nouns over verbs in the productive vocabularies of children in the second year of life. Surprisingly, cross-class (noun-to-verb and verb-to-noun) relations between these two lexical categories have seldom been investigated. The present longitudinal study employed observational…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Prediction, Regression (Statistics)
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Karlsen, Jannicke; Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas; Lervåg, Arne – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study examined the vocabulary development of Norwegian second language (L2) learners with Urdu/Punjabi as their first language (L1) at two time-points from kindergarten to primary school, and compared it to the vocabulary development of monolingual Norwegian children. Using path models, the associations between number of picture books in the…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Norwegian, Second Language Learning, Native Language
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Abu-Zhaya, Rana; Seidl, Amanda; Cristia, Alejandrina – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Both touch and speech independently have been shown to play an important role in infant development. However, little is known about how they may be combined in the input to the child. We examined the use of touch and speech together by having mothers read their 5-month-olds books about body parts and animals. Results suggest that speech+touch…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Development, Tactual Perception, Reading Aloud to Others
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Laing, Catherine E.; Vihman, Marilyn; Keren-Portnoy, Tamar – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Onomatopoeia are frequently identified amongst infants' earliest words (Menn & Vihman, 2011), yet few authors have considered why this might be, and even fewer have explored this phenomenon empirically. Here we analyze mothers' production of onomatopoeia in infant-directed speech (IDS) to provide an input-based perspective on these forms.…
Descriptors: Linguistic Input, Language Acquisition, Infants, Intonation
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Hartman, Kelly M.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein; Newman, Rochelle S. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
There have been many studies examining the differences between infant-directed speech (IDS) and adult-directed speech (ADS). However, investigations asking whether mothers clarify vowel articulation in IDS have reached equivocal findings. Moreover, it is unclear whether maternal speech clarification has any effect on a child's developing language…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Language Acquisition
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Newman, Rochelle S.; Rowe, Meredith L.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein – Journal of Child Language, 2016
Both the input directed to the child, and the child's ability to process that input, are likely to impact the child's language acquisition. We explore how these factors inter-relate by tracking the relationships among: (a) lexical properties of maternal child-directed speech to prelinguistic (7-month-old) infants (N = 121); (b) these infants'…
Descriptors: Prediction, Toddlers, Vocabulary Development, Mothers
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Bird, Elizabeth Kay-Raining; Cleave, Patricia – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study investigated how forty-six mothers modified their talk about familiar and unfamiliar nouns and verbs when interacting with their children with Down Syndrome (DS), language impairment (LI), or typical development (TD). Children (MLUs < 2·7) were group-matched on expressive vocabulary size. Mother-child dyads were recorded playing with…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Verbs, Language Usage
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