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Showing 1 to 15 of 435 results Save | Export
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Choe, Jinsun; O'Grady, William – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This paper investigates English-speaking children's acquisition of raising constructions (e.g. "John seems to Mary to be happy") and fnds an asymmetric effect of NP type on their comprehension: an improvement in performance is observed when a lexical NP is raised across a pronominal experiencer (e.g. "John seems to her to be…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Grammar, English
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Frank, Michael C.; Braginsky, Mika; Yurovsky, Daniel; Marchman, Virginia A. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDIs) are a widely used family of parent-report instruments for easy and inexpensive data-gathering about early language acquisition. CDI data have been used to explore a variety of theoretically important topics, but, with few exceptions, researchers have had to rely on data collected in…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Measures (Individuals), Language Acquisition, Databases
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Ferguson, Brock; Waxman, Sandra – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Language exerts a powerful influence on our concepts. We review evidence documenting the developmental origins of a precocious link between language and object categories in very young infants. This collection of studies documents a cascading process in which early links between language and cognition provide the foundation for later, more precise…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Concept Formation, Classification, Infants
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Uno, Mariko – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study investigates the emergence and development of the discourse-pragmatic functions of the Japanese subject markers "wa" and "ga" from a usage-based perspective (Tomasello, 2000). The use of each marker in longitudinal speech data for four Japanese children from 1;0 to 3;1 and their parents available in the CHILDES…
Descriptors: Japanese, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Child Language
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Vernice, Mirta; Guasti, Maria Teresa – Journal of Child Language, 2015
In two sentence repetition experiments, we investigated whether four- and five-year-olds master distinct representations for intransitive verb classes by testing two syntactic analyses of unaccusatives (Burzio, 1986; Belletti, 1988). Under the assumption that, with unaccusatives, the partitive case of the postverbal argument is realized only on…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Nouns, Language Research, Young Children
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Abbot-Smith, Kirsten; Serratrice, Ludovica – Journal of Child Language, 2015
In Study 1 we analyzed Italian child-directed-speech (CDS) and selected the three most frequent active transitive sentence frames used with overt subjects. In Study 2 we experimentally investigated how Italian-speaking children aged 2;6, 3;6, and 4;6 comprehended these orders with novel verbs when the cues of animacy, gender, and subject-verb…
Descriptors: Word Order, Child Language, Italian, Language Acquisition
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Hsu, Dong Bo – Journal of Child Language, 2014
Two studies investigated syntactic productivity in three-year-old Mandarin speakers' use of verbs in the SVO and S"ba"OV constructions. In Study 1, children were taught novel verbs in one construction and assessed for their production in the other construction. Children produced verbs taught in the "ba" constructions in…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Toddlers, Syntax, Grammar
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Pye, Clifton; Pfeiler, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2014
This article demonstrates how the Comparative Method can be applied to cross-linguistic research on language acquisition. The Comparative Method provides a systematic procedure for organizing and interpreting acquisition data from different languages. The Comparative Method controls for cross-linguistic differences at all levels of the grammar and…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Research Methodology
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Daland, Robert – Journal of Child Language, 2013
What are the sources of variation in the input, and how much do they matter for language acquisition? This study examines frequency variation in manner-of-articulation classes in child and adult input. The null hypothesis is that segmental frequency distributions of language varieties are unigram (modelable by stationary, ergodic processes), and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Input, English
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Gervain, Judit; Werker, Janet F. – Journal of Child Language, 2013
One important mechanism suggested to underlie the acquisition of grammar is rule learning. Indeed, infants aged 0 ; 7 are able to learn rules based on simple identity relations (adjacent repetitions, ABB: "wo fe fe" and non-adjacent repetitions, ABA: "wo fe wo", respectively; Marcus et al., 1999). One unexplored issue is…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Grammar, Infants, Language Processing
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Goffman, Lisa; Westover, Stefanie – Journal of Child Language, 2013
The aim of this study was to determine, using speech error and articulatory analyses, whether the binary distinction between iambs and trochees should be extended to include additional prosodic subcategories. Adults, children who are normally developing, and children with specific language impairment (SLI) participated. Children with SLI were…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Language Research, Language Acquisition
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Xuan, Lei; Dollaghan, Christine – Journal of Child Language, 2013
Most evidence concerning cross-linguistic variation in noun bias, the preponderance of nouns in early expressive lexicons (Gentner, 1982), has come from comparisons of monolingual children acquiring different languages. Such designs are susceptible to a number of potential confounders, including group differences in developmental level and…
Descriptors: Child Language, Nouns, Language Research, Bilingualism
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Crutchley, Alison – Journal of Child Language, 2013
Children start producing ["necessary and sufficient"] conditionals relatively late. Past counterfactuals (PCFs), for example "If she had shut the cage, the rabbit wouldn't have escaped", are particularly problematic for children; despite evidence of comprehension in the preschool years, children aged eleven are still making…
Descriptors: Children, Foreign Countries, Language Processing, Computational Linguistics
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Zhou, Peng; Su, Yi; Crain, Stephen; Gao, Liqun; Zhan, Likan – Journal of Child Language, 2012
How do children develop the mapping between prosody and other levels of linguistic knowledge? This question has received considerable attention in child language research. In the present study two experiments were conducted to investigate four- to five-year-old Mandarin-speaking children's sensitivity to prosody in ambiguity resolution. Experiment…
Descriptors: Syntax, Semantics, Language Research, Child Language
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Tardif, Twila; Gelman, Susan A.; Fu, Xiaolan; Zhu, Liqi – Journal of Child Language, 2012
English-speaking children understand and produce generic expressions in the preschool years, but there are cross-linguistic differences in how generics are expressed. Three studies examined interpretation of generic noun phrases in three- to seven-year-old child (N=192) and adult speakers (N=163) of Mandarin Chinese. Contrary to suggestions by…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Nouns, Mandarin Chinese, Phrase Structure
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