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Showing 1 to 15 of 191 results Save | Export
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Brouwer, Susanne; Özkan, Deniz; Küntay, Aylin C. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated whether cross-linguistic differences affect semantic prediction. We assessed this by looking at two languages, Dutch and Turkish, that differ in word order and thus vary in how words come together to create sentence meaning. In an eye-tracking task, Dutch and Turkish four-year-olds (N = 40), five-year-olds (N = 58), and…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Contrastive Linguistics, Semantics
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Contemori, Carla; Carlson, Matthew; Marinis, Theodoros – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous research has shown that children demonstrate similar sentence processing reflexes to those observed in adults, but they have difficulties revising an erroneous initial interpretation when they process garden-path sentences, passives, and "wh"-questions. We used the visual-world paradigm to examine children's use of syntactic and…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Syntax, Ambiguity (Semantics), Eye Movements
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Lany, Jill; Shoaib, Amber; Thompson, Abbie; Estes, Katharine Graf – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Infants are adept at learning statistical regularities in artificial language materials, suggesting that the ability to learn statistical structure may support language development. Indeed, infants who perform better on statistical learning tasks tend to be more advanced in parental reports of infants' language skills. Work with adults suggests…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Processing, Syllables, Language Acquisition
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Aguert, Marc; Le Vallois, Coralie; Martel, Karine; Laval, Virginie – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Hyperbole supports irony comprehension in adults by heightening the contrast between what is said and the actual situation. Because young children do not perceive the communication situation as a whole, but rather give precedence to either the utterance or the context, we predicted that hyperbole would reduce irony comprehension in six-year-olds…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Processing, Figurative Language
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Tieu, Lyn; Romoli, Jacopo; Poortman, Eva; Winter, Yoad; Crain, Stephen – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous developmental studies of conjunction have focused on the syntax of phrasal and sentential coordination (Lust, 1977; de Villiers, Tager-Flusberg & Hakuta, 1977; Bloom, Lahey, Hood, Lifter & Fiess, 1980, among others). The present study examined the flexibility of children's interpretation of conjunction. Specifically, when two…
Descriptors: Child Language, Form Classes (Languages), Preschool Children, Syntax
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Chan, Angel; Yang, Wenchun; Chang, Franklin; Kidd, Evan – Journal of Child Language, 2018
We report on an eye-tracking study that investigated four-year-old Cantonese-speaking children's online processing of subject and object relative clauses (RCs). Children's eye-movements were recorded as they listened to RC structures identifying a unique referent (e.g. "Can you pick up the horse that pushed the pig?"). Two RC types,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Sino Tibetan Languages, Reading Processes, Language Processing
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Bentea, Anamaria; Durrleman, Stephanie – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Two studies assess French-speaking children's comprehension of object filler-gap dependencies, with the goal of investigating whether the degree of specificity/set-restriction of the fronted object or the intervening subject modulates comprehension. We tease apart the predictions of various accounts attributing children's difficulties to (i)…
Descriptors: French, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Processing
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Haendler, Yair; Adani, Flavia – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous studies have found that Hebrew-speaking children accurately comprehend object relatives (OR) with an embedded non-referential arbitrary subject pronoun (ASP). The facilitation of ORs with embedded pronouns is expected both from a discourse-pragmatics perspective and within a syntax-based locality approach. However, the specific effect of…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Child Language, Form Classes (Languages), Comprehension
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Schwab, Jessica F.; Lew-Williams, Casey; Goldberg, Adele E. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children tend to regularize their productions when exposed to artificial languages, an advantageous response to unpredictable variation. But generalizations in natural languages are typically conditioned by factors that children ultimately learn. In two experiments, adult and six-year-old learners witnessed two novel classifiers, probabilistically…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Linguistic Input, Language Processing, Semantics
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Falkum, Ingrid L.; Recasens, Marta; Clark, Eve V. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study investigates preschoolers' ability to understand and produce novel metonyms. We gave forty-seven children (aged 2;9-5;9) and twenty-seven adults one comprehension task and two elicitation tasks. The first elicitation task investigated their ability to use metonyms as referential shorthands, and the second their willingness to name…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Preschool Children, Adults, Task Analysis
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Kirjavainen, Minna; Kidd, Evan; Lieven, Elena – Journal of Child Language, 2017
We report three studies (one corpus, two experimental) that investigated the acquisition of relative clauses (RCs) in Finnish-speaking children. Study 1 found that Finnish children's naturalistic exposure to RCs predominantly consists of non-subject relatives (i.e. oblique, object) which typically have inanimate head nouns. Study 2 tested…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Phrase Structure, Child Language, Computational Linguistics
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Choe, Jinsun; O'Grady, William – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This paper investigates English-speaking children's acquisition of raising constructions (e.g. "John seems to Mary to be happy") and fnds an asymmetric effect of NP type on their comprehension: an improvement in performance is observed when a lexical NP is raised across a pronominal experiencer (e.g. "John seems to her to be…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Grammar, English
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Bunce, John P.; Scott, Rose M. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
While recent studies suggest children can use cross-situational information to learn words, these studies involved minimal referential ambiguity, and the cross-situational evidence overwhelmingly favored a single referent for each word. Here we asked whether 2-5-year-olds could identify a noun's referent when the scene and cross-situational…
Descriptors: Ambiguity (Semantics), Toddlers, Young Children, Evidence
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Schwarz, Amy Louise; Van Kleeck, Anne; Maguire, Mandy J.; Abdi, Herve – Journal of Child Language, 2017
To better understand how toddlers integrate multiple learning strategies to acquire verbs, we compared sensorimotor recruitment and comparison learning because both strategies are thought to boost children's access to scene-level information. For sensorimotor recruitment, we tested having toddlers use dolls as agents and compared this strategy…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Verbs
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Graham, Susan A.; San Juan, Valerie; Khu, Melanie – Journal of Child Language, 2017
When linguistic information alone does not clarify a speaker's intended meaning, skilled communicators can draw on a variety of cues to infer communicative intent. In this paper, we review research examining the developmental emergence of preschoolers' sensitivity to a communicative partner's perspective. We focus particularly on preschoolers'…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Language Acquisition, Cues, Preschool Children
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