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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,063 results Save | Export
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Tamasi, Katalin; McKean, Christina; Gafos, Adamantios; Hohle, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In a preferential looking paradigm, we studied how children's looking behavior and pupillary response were modulated by the degree of phonological mismatch between the correct label of a target referent and its manipulated form. We manipulated degree of mismatch by introducing one or more featural changes to the target label. Both looking behavior…
Descriptors: Phonology, Child Language, Preferences, Child Behavior
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Tang, Ping; Yuen, Ivan; Xu Rattanasone, Nan; Gao, Liqun; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Weak syllables in Germanic and Romance languages have been reported to be challenging for young children, with syllable omission and/or incomplete reduction persisting till age five. In Mandarin Chinese, neutral tone (T0) involves a weak syllable with varied pitch realizations across (preceding) tonal contexts and short duration. The present study…
Descriptors: Syllables, Mandarin Chinese, Tone Languages, Intonation
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Delcenserie, A.; Genesee, F.; Trudeau, N.; Champoux, F. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
A battery of standardized language tests and control measures was administered to three groups of at-risk language learners -- internationally adopted children, deaf children with cochlear implants, and children with specific language impairment -- and to groups of second-language learners and typically developing monolingual children. All…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Language Tests, At Risk Students, Adoption
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Van Goch, Merel M.; Verhoeven, Ludo; McQueen, James M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In lexical development, the specificity of phonological representations is important. The ability to build phonologically specific lexical representations predicts the number of words a child knows (vocabulary breadth), but it is not clear if it also fosters how well words are known (vocabulary depth). Sixty-six children were studied in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Prediction, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Han, Min Kyung; Storkel, Holly; Bontempo, Daniel E. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Many studies have addressed the effect of neighborhood density (phonological similarity among words) on word learning in quiet listening conditions. We explored how noise influences the effect of neighborhood density on children's word learning. One-hundred-and-two preschoolers learned nonwords varied in neighborhood density in one of four…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Phonology
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Lindgren, Josefin – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigates effects of age on character introductions in the oral narratives of seventy-two monolingual Swedish-speaking four- to six-year-olds, comparing results from the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN; Gagarina "et al.," 2012, 2015), and the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Swedish, Oral Language, Monolingualism
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Ramachers, Stefanie; Brouwer, Susanne; Fikkert, Paula – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Despite the fact that many of the world's languages use lexical tone, the majority of language acquisition studies has focused on non-tone languages. Research on tone languages has typically investigated wellknown tone languages such as Mandarin and Cantonese Chinese. The current study looked at a Limburgian dialect of Dutch that uses lexical…
Descriptors: Infants, Contrastive Linguistics, Intonation, Suprasegmentals
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Contemori, Carla; Carlson, Matthew; Marinis, Theodoros – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous research has shown that children demonstrate similar sentence processing reflexes to those observed in adults, but they have difficulties revising an erroneous initial interpretation when they process garden-path sentences, passives, and "wh"-questions. We used the visual-world paradigm to examine children's use of syntactic and…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Syntax, Ambiguity (Semantics), Eye Movements
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Paavola-Ruotsalainen, Leila; Lehtosaari, Jaana; Palomäki, Josefina; Tervo, Immi – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Maternal responsive and directive speech to children at ages 0;10 and 2;0 was investigated by applying a procedure frst introduced by Flynn and Masur (2007) to a new language community (Finnish). The issues examined were consistency and stability over time, and also the role of responsiveness and directiveness in child linguistic development at…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Infants, Prediction
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Lany, Jill; Shoaib, Amber; Thompson, Abbie; Estes, Katharine Graf – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Infants are adept at learning statistical regularities in artificial language materials, suggesting that the ability to learn statistical structure may support language development. Indeed, infants who perform better on statistical learning tasks tend to be more advanced in parental reports of infants' language skills. Work with adults suggests…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Processing, Syllables, Language Acquisition
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Janke, Vikki – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Non-obligatory control constructions (NOC) are sentences which contain a non-finite clause with a null subject whose reference is determined pragmatically. Little is known about how children assign reference to these subjects, yet this is important as our current understanding of reference-resolution development is limited to less complex…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Child Language, Task Analysis, Phrase Structure
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Gros-Louis, Julie; Miller, Jennifer L. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Social feedback is a driving force for speech development. A recent study provided a key finding to explain how contingent responses influence developmental change: infant speech-related vocalizations are contingent on responses to prior speech-related vocalizations (Warlaumont "et al.," 2014). However, the study did not distinguish…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Speech Communication, Developmental Stages, Infants
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Noble, Claire H.; Cameron-Faulkner, Thea; Lieven, Elena – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The positive effects of shared book reading on vocabulary and reading development are well attested (e.g., Bus, van Ijzendoorn, & Pellegrini, 1995). However, the role of shared book reading in GRAMMATICAL DEVELOPMENT remains unclear. In this study, we conducted a construction-based analysis of caregivers' child-directed speech during shared…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Acquisition, Reading Aloud to Others, Children
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Carmiol, Ana M.; Matthews, Danielle; Rodríguez-Villagra, Odir A. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Asking children to clarify themselves promotes their ability to uniquely identify objects in referential communication tasks. However, little is known about whether parents ask preschoolers for clarification during interactions and, if so, how. Study 1 explored how mothers clarify their preschoolers' ambiguous descriptions of the characters in…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Preschool Children, Child Language, Mothers
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Hervé, Coralie; Serratrice, Ludovica – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This paper reports the preliminary results of a study examining the role of structural overlap, language exposure, and language use on cross-linguistic influence (CLI) in bilingual first language acquisition. We focus on the longitudinal development of determiners in a corpus of two French-English children between the ages of 2;4 and 3;7. The…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Native Language, English, Language Acquisition
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