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Arciuli, Joanne; Bailey, Benjamin – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In this exploratory study, we examined stress contrastivity within real word productions elicited via picture naming in 20 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 20 typical peers group-wise matched on age and vocabulary. Targets had a dominant pattern of lexical stress beginning with a strong-weak pattern (SW: 'caterpillar',…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Suprasegmentals
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Jerger, Susan; Damian, Markus F.; McAlpine, Rachel P.; Abdi, Herve – Journal of Child Language, 2018
To communicate, children must discriminate and identify speech sounds. Because visual speech plays an important role in this process, we explored how visual speech influences phoneme discrimination and identification by children. Critical items had intact visual speech (e.g. baez) coupled to non-intact (excised onsets) auditory speech (signified…
Descriptors: Auditory Discrimination, Syllables, Identification, Speech Communication
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Yang, Jing – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigated the durational features of English word-initial /s/+stop clusters produced by bilingual Mandarin (L1)-English (L2) children and monolingual English children and adults. The participants included two groups of five- to six-year-old bilingual children: low proficiency in the L2 (Bi-low) and high proficiency in the L2…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Mandarin Chinese, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Janke, Vikki – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Non-obligatory control constructions (NOC) are sentences which contain a non-finite clause with a null subject whose reference is determined pragmatically. Little is known about how children assign reference to these subjects, yet this is important as our current understanding of reference-resolution development is limited to less complex…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Child Language, Task Analysis, Phrase Structure
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Menke, Mandy R. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Rhotics, particularly the trill, are late acquired sounds in Spanish. Reports of Spanish-English bilingual preschoolers document age-appropriate articulations, but studies do not explore productions once exposure to English increases. This paper reports on the rhotic productions of a cross-sectional sample of 31 Spanish-English bilingual children,…
Descriptors: Child Language, Bilingualism, Children, Spanish Speaking
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Hall, Jessica; Owen Van Horne, Amanda; Farmer, Thomas – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The goal of this study was to determine if typically developing children could form grammatical categories from distributional information alone. Twenty-seven children aged six to nine listened to an artifcial grammar which contained strategic gaps in its distribution. At test, we compared how children rated novel sentences that ft the grammar to…
Descriptors: Grammar, Classification, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Spenader, Jennifer – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Production studies show connective acquisition by age 3;0, but comprehension studies show errors until 9;0 or older. To further investigate this gap, two comprehension tasks were carried out with 78 Dutch children between the ages of 7;0 and 10;1, testing contrastive "maar" 'but' and causal "want" 'because' connectives for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Indo European Languages, Contrastive Linguistics, Children
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Noble, Claire H.; Cameron-Faulkner, Thea; Lieven, Elena – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The positive effects of shared book reading on vocabulary and reading development are well attested (e.g., Bus, van Ijzendoorn, & Pellegrini, 1995). However, the role of shared book reading in GRAMMATICAL DEVELOPMENT remains unclear. In this study, we conducted a construction-based analysis of caregivers' child-directed speech during shared…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Acquisition, Reading Aloud to Others, Children
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Colletta, Jean-Marc; Pellenq, Catherine; Hadian-Cefidekhanie, Ali; Rousset, Isabelle – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This paper reports on an original study designed to investigate age-related change in the way French children produce speech during oral narrative, considering both prosodic parameters -- speaking rate and duration of the prosodic speech unit -- and linguistic structure. Eighty-five French children aged four to eleven years were asked to tell a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Articulation (Speech), Phonics
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Bent, Tessa – Journal of Child Language, 2018
School-age children's understanding of unfamiliar accents is not adult-like and the age at which this ability fully matures is unknown. To address this gap, eight- to fifteen-year-old children's (n = 74) understanding of native- and non-native-accented sentences in quiet and noise was assessed. Children's performance was adult-like by eleven to…
Descriptors: Dialects, Pronunciation, Comprehension, Children
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Saiegh-Haddad, Elinor; Haj, Lina – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The study tested the impact of the phonological distance between Spoken Arabic (SpA) and Standard Arabic (StA) on quality of phonological representations among kindergarten, first-, second-, and sixth-grade Arabic-speaking children (N = 120). A pronunciation accuracy judgment task targeted three types of StA words that varied in extent of…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Phonology, Phonological Awareness, Kindergarten
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Hickmann, Maya; Hendriks, Henriëtte; Harr, Anne-Katharina; Bonnet, Philippe – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Previous research on motion expression indicates that typological properties influence how speakers select and express information in discourse (Slobin, 2004; Talmy, 2000). The present study further addresses this question by examining the expression of caused motion by adults and children (three to ten years) in French ("Verb-framed")…
Descriptors: Child Language, Contrastive Linguistics, English, German
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Aguert, Marc; Le Vallois, Coralie; Martel, Karine; Laval, Virginie – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Hyperbole supports irony comprehension in adults by heightening the contrast between what is said and the actual situation. Because young children do not perceive the communication situation as a whole, but rather give precedence to either the utterance or the context, we predicted that hyperbole would reduce irony comprehension in six-year-olds…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Processing, Figurative Language
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Bergstra, Myrthe; De Mulder, Hannah N. M.; Coopmans, Peter – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigated how speaker certainty (a rational cue) and speaker benevolence (an emotional cue) influence children's willingness to learn words in a selective learning paradigm. In two experiments four- to six-year-olds learnt novel labels from two speakers and, after a week, their memory for these labels was reassessed. Results…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Language Acquisition, Speech
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Hwang, Hyesung G.; Markson, Lori – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children categorize native-accented speakers as local and non-native-accented speakers as foreign, suggesting they use accent (i.e., phonological proficiency) to determine social group membership. However, it is unclear if accent is the strongest--AND ONLY--group marker children use to determine social group membership, or whether other aspects of…
Descriptors: Syntax, Semantics, Phonology, English
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