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Showing 1 to 15 of 142 results Save | Export
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Lindgren, Josefin – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigates effects of age on character introductions in the oral narratives of seventy-two monolingual Swedish-speaking four- to six-year-olds, comparing results from the Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives (MAIN; Gagarina "et al.," 2012, 2015), and the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI; Schneider…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Swedish, Oral Language, Monolingualism
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Treiman, Rebecca; Decker, Kristina; Robins, Sarah; Ghosh, Dina; Rosales, Nicole – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Conversations about literacy-related matters with parents can help prepare children for formal literacy instruction. We studied these conversations using data gathered from fifty-six US families as they engaged in daily activities at home. Analyzing conversations when children were aged 1;10, 2;6, 3;6, and 4;2, we found that explicit talk about…
Descriptors: Literacy, Parent Child Relationship, Dialogs (Language), Young Children
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Menke, Mandy R. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Rhotics, particularly the trill, are late acquired sounds in Spanish. Reports of Spanish-English bilingual preschoolers document age-appropriate articulations, but studies do not explore productions once exposure to English increases. This paper reports on the rhotic productions of a cross-sectional sample of 31 Spanish-English bilingual children,…
Descriptors: Child Language, Bilingualism, Children, Spanish Speaking
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Owens, Sarah J.; Thacker, Justine M.; Graham, Susan A. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Speech disfluencies can guide the ways in which listeners interpret spoken language. Here, we examined whether three-year-olds, five-year-olds, and adults use filled pauses to anticipate that a speaker is likely to refer to a novel object. Across three experiments, participants were presented with pairs of novel and familiar objects and heard a…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Young Children, Adults, Age Differences
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Spenader, Jennifer – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Production studies show connective acquisition by age 3;0, but comprehension studies show errors until 9;0 or older. To further investigate this gap, two comprehension tasks were carried out with 78 Dutch children between the ages of 7;0 and 10;1, testing contrastive "maar" 'but' and causal "want" 'because' connectives for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Indo European Languages, Contrastive Linguistics, Children
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Gros-Louis, Julie; Miller, Jennifer L. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Social feedback is a driving force for speech development. A recent study provided a key finding to explain how contingent responses influence developmental change: infant speech-related vocalizations are contingent on responses to prior speech-related vocalizations (Warlaumont "et al.," 2014). However, the study did not distinguish…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Speech Communication, Developmental Stages, Infants
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Saiegh-Haddad, Elinor; Haj, Lina – Journal of Child Language, 2018
The study tested the impact of the phonological distance between Spoken Arabic (SpA) and Standard Arabic (StA) on quality of phonological representations among kindergarten, first-, second-, and sixth-grade Arabic-speaking children (N = 120). A pronunciation accuracy judgment task targeted three types of StA words that varied in extent of…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Phonology, Phonological Awareness, Kindergarten
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Aguert, Marc; Le Vallois, Coralie; Martel, Karine; Laval, Virginie – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Hyperbole supports irony comprehension in adults by heightening the contrast between what is said and the actual situation. Because young children do not perceive the communication situation as a whole, but rather give precedence to either the utterance or the context, we predicted that hyperbole would reduce irony comprehension in six-year-olds…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Processing, Figurative Language
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Deng, Xiangjun; Yip, Virginia – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study investigates Mandarin-speaking children's knowledge of event semantics in interpreting spatial modifiers with "zai" 'at' after a posture verb or before a placement verb. The event-semantic principles investigated include subevent modification (Parsons, 1990) and aspect shift (Fong, 1997). We conducted an experimental study…
Descriptors: Semantics, Mandarin Chinese, Verbs, Phrase Structure
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Hwang, Hyesung G.; Markson, Lori – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children categorize native-accented speakers as local and non-native-accented speakers as foreign, suggesting they use accent (i.e., phonological proficiency) to determine social group membership. However, it is unclear if accent is the strongest--AND ONLY--group marker children use to determine social group membership, or whether other aspects of…
Descriptors: Syntax, Semantics, Phonology, English
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Davies, Catherine; Kreysa, Helene – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Children's ability to refer is underpinned by their developing cognitive skills. Using a production task (n = 57), we examined pre-articulatory visual fixations to contrast objects (e.g., to a large apple when the target was a small one) to investigate how visual scanning drives informativeness across development. Eye-movements reveal that…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Child Development, Age Differences
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Frizelle, Pauline; Thompson, Paul A.; McDonald, David; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Studies examining productive syntax have used varying elicitation methods and have tended to focus on either young children or adolescents/adults, so we lack an account of syntactic development throughout middle childhood. We describe here the results of an analysis of clause complexity in narratives produced by 354 speakers aged from four years…
Descriptors: Syntax, Child Development, Language Acquisition, Task Analysis
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Yang, Jing – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This study compared the temporal measurements of stop consonants in 29 three- to six-year-old Mandarin-speaking children and 12 Mandarin-speaking adults. Each participant produced 18 Mandarin disyllabic words which contained six stop consonants /p, p?, t, t?, k, k?/ each followed by three vowels /a, i, u/ at the word-initial position in the first…
Descriptors: Phonemes, Mandarin Chinese, Language Acquisition, Child Language
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Burnham, Denis – Journal of Child Language, 2018
This longitudinal study assessed three acoustic components of maternal infant-directed speech (IDS) -- pitch, affect, and vowel hyperarticulation -- in relation to infants' age and their expressive vocabulary size. These three individual components were measured in IDS addressed to infants at 7, 9, 11, 15, and 19 months (N = 18). All three…
Descriptors: Infants, Acoustics, Phonology, Language Acquisition
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Drijbooms, Elise; Groen, Margriet A.; Verhoeven, Ludo – Journal of Child Language, 2017
This study investigated the development of evaluation in narratives from middle to late childhood, within the context of differentiating between spoken and written modalities. Two parallel forms of a picture story were used to elicit spoken and written narratives from fourth- and sixth-graders. It was expected that, in addition to an increase of…
Descriptors: Children, Speech Communication, Written Language, Grade 4
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