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Frank, Michael C.; Braginsky, Mika; Yurovsky, Daniel; Marchman, Virginia A. – Journal of Child Language, 2017
The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDIs) are a widely used family of parent-report instruments for easy and inexpensive data-gathering about early language acquisition. CDI data have been used to explore a variety of theoretically important topics, but, with few exceptions, researchers have had to rely on data collected in…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Measures (Individuals), Language Acquisition, Databases
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Pye, Clifton – Journal of Child Language, 2012
Poverty of the stimulus (POS) arguments have instigated considerable debate in the recent linguistics literature. This article uses the comparative method to challenge the logic of POS arguments. Rather than question the premises of POS arguments, the article demonstrates how POS arguments for individual languages lead to a "reductio ad absurdum"…
Descriptors: Linguistic Theory, Comparative Analysis, Grammar, Language Universals
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Lee, Sue Ann S.; Davis, Barbara; MacNeilage, Peter – Journal of Child Language, 2010
The phonetic characteristics of canonical babbling produced by Korean- and English-learning infants were compared with consonant and vowel frequencies observed in infant-directed speech produced by Korean- and English-speaking mothers. For infant output, babbling samples from six Korean-learning infants were compared with an existing English…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Vowels, Infants, Language Acquisition
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Blanchard, Daniel; Heinz, Jeffrey; Golinkoff, Roberta – Journal of Child Language, 2010
How do infants find the words in the speech stream? Computational models help us understand this feat by revealing the advantages and disadvantages of different strategies that infants might use. Here, we outline a computational model of word segmentation that aims both to incorporate cues proposed by language acquisition researchers and to…
Descriptors: Cues, Infants, Language Processing, Language Acquisition
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Rytting, C. Anton; Brew, Chris; Fosler-Lussier, Eric – Journal of Child Language, 2010
Most computational models of word segmentation are trained and tested on transcripts of speech, rather than the speech itself, and assume that speech is converted into a sequence of symbols prior to word segmentation. We present a way of representing speech corpora that avoids this assumption, and preserves acoustic variation present in speech. We…
Descriptors: Cues, Phonetics, Language Acquisition, Speech Communication
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Monaghan, Padraic; Christiansen, Morten H. – Journal of Child Language, 2010
There are numerous models of how speech segmentation may proceed in infants acquiring their first language. We present a framework for considering the relative merits and limitations of these various approaches. We then present a model of speech segmentation that aims to reveal important sources of information for speech segmentation, and to…
Descriptors: Psycholinguistics, Phonology, Models, Infants
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Perfors, Amy; Tenenbaum, Joshua B.; Wonnacott, Elizabeth – Journal of Child Language, 2010
We present a hierarchical Bayesian framework for modeling the acquisition of verb argument constructions. It embodies a domain-general approach to learning higher-level knowledge in the form of inductive constraints (or overhypotheses), and has been used to explain other aspects of language development such as the shape bias in learning object…
Descriptors: Verbs, Inferences, Language Acquisition, Bayesian Statistics
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Waterfall, Heidi R.; Sandbank, Ben; Onnis, Luca; Edelman, Shimon – Journal of Child Language, 2010
This paper reports progress in developing a computer model of language acquisition in the form of (1) a generative grammar that is (2) algorithmically learnable from realistic corpus data, (3) viable in its large-scale quantitative performance and (4) psychologically real. First, we describe new algorithmic methods for unsupervised learning of…
Descriptors: Generative Grammar, Language Acquisition, Computational Linguistics, Databases
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Sagae, Kenji; Davis, Eric; Lavie, Alon; MacWhinney, Brian; Wintner, Shuly – Journal of Child Language, 2010
Corpora of child language are essential for research in child language acquisition and psycholinguistics. Linguistic annotation of the corpora provides researchers with better means for exploring the development of grammatical constructions and their usage. We describe a project whose goal is to annotate the English section of the CHILDES database…
Descriptors: Psycholinguistics, Grammar, Child Language, Language Acquisition
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Westergaard, Marit – Journal of Child Language, 2009
This paper discusses different approaches to language acquisition in relation to children's acquisition of word order in "wh"-questions in English and Norwegian. While generative models assert that children set major word order parameters and thus acquire a rule of subject-auxiliary inversion or generalized verb second (V2) at an early stage, some…
Descriptors: Linguistic Input, Cues, Word Order, Norwegian
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Stoll, Sabine; Gries, Stefan Th. – Journal of Child Language, 2009
In this paper we propose a method for characterizing development in large longitudinal corpora. The method has the following three features: (i) it suggests how to represent development without assuming predefined stages; (ii) it includes caregiver speech/child-directed speech; (iii) it uses statistical association measures for investigating…
Descriptors: Association Measures, Computational Linguistics, Longitudinal Studies, Caregiver Child Relationship
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Soderstrom, Melanie – Journal of Child Language, 2008
Two recent papers (de Villiers & Johnson, 2007; Johnson, de Villiers & Seymour, 2005) have claimed that children have difficulty with verbal "-s" until five- six-years-old. This contrasts with perceptual studies showing evidence for sensitivity to the grammatical properties of verbal "-s" as young as 1;4. These apparently conflicting findings can…
Descriptors: Semantics, Grammar, Child Language, Language Acquisition
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Saxton, Matthew – Journal of Child Language, 2008
This article reviews the proliferation of terms that have been coined to denote the language environment of the young child. It is argued that terms are often deployed by researchers without due consideration of their appropriateness for particular empirical studies. It is further suggested that just three of the dozen or more available terms meet…
Descriptors: Language Research, Sociolinguistics, Child Language, Researchers
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Deen, Kamil Ud – Journal of Child Language, 2006
Schaeffer (1997, 2000) argues that children lack knowledge of specificity because Dutch children omit determiners and fail to scramble pronouns. Avrutin & Brun (2001), however, find that Russian children place arguments correctly according to whether they are specific or non-specific. This paper investigates object agreement and specificity in…
Descriptors: African Languages, Language Research, Form Classes (Languages), Child Language
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Theakson, Anna L.; Lieven, Elena V. M.; Pine, Julian M.; Rowland, Caroline F. – Journal of Child Language, 2006
In our recent paper, "Semantic generality, input frequency and the acquisition of syntax" ("Journal of Child Language" 31, 61-99), we presented data from two-year-old children to examine the question of whether the semantic generality of verbs contributed to their ease and stage of acquisition over and above the effects of their typically high…
Descriptors: Semantics, Verbs, Syntax, Child Language
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