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McGregor, Karla; Munro, Natalie; Chen, Su Mei; Baker, Elise; Oleson, Jacob – Journal of Child Language, 2018
To determine whether the developing semantic lexicon varies with culture, we examined the animal and food naming of children from three communities distinguished by language, cultural heritage, and population density. The children were fve- and seven-year-olds from Australia (n = 197), Taiwan (n = 456), and the US (n = 172). Naming patterns…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cultural Influences, Semantics, Dictionaries
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Hudson Kam, Carla L.; Matthewson, Lisa – Journal of Child Language, 2017
Studies on the relationship between bookreading and language development typically lack data about which books are actually read to children. This paper reports on an Internet survey designed to address this data gap. The resulting dataset (the Infant Bookreading Database or IBDb) includes responses from 1,107 caregivers of children aged 0-36…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, Databases, Books, Childrens Literature
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Hurtado, Nereyda; Marchman, Virginia A.; Fernald, Anne – Journal of Child Language, 2007
Research on the development of efficiency in spoken language understanding has focused largely on middle-class children learning English. Here we extend this research to Spanish-learning children (n=49; M=2;0; range=1;3-3;1) living in the USA in Latino families from primarily low socioeconomic backgrounds. Children looked at pictures of familiar…
Descriptors: Language Research, Eye Movements, Oral Language, Disadvantaged Youth
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Ozcaliskan, Seyda; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Journal of Child Language, 2005
The types of gesture+speech combinations children produce during the early stages of language development change over time. This change, in turn, predicts the onset of two-word speech and thus might reflect a cognitive transition that the child is undergoing. An alternative, however, is that the change merely reflects changes in the types of…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Caregivers, Language Acquisition, Parent Child Relationship
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Toda, Sueko; And Others – Journal of Child Language, 1990
Compared American and Japanese maternal speech to three-month-old infants. Observations showed that U.S. mothers were more information oriented than Japanese mothers, and that Japanese mothers were more affect oriented, using more nonsense, onomatopoeic sounds, baby talk, and babies' names. Differences are attributed to culture-specific…
Descriptors: Caregiver Speech, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries
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Gathercole, Virginia C. – Journal of Child Language, 1986
Analysis of 12 Scottish and 12 American 3- to 6-year-olds interacting with adults indicated that, because Scottish adults use the present perfect tense more frequently in their speech to children than American adults do, Scottish children use the tense in their speech long before American children do. (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Adults, English, Foreign Countries, Language Acquisition