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Yang, Jing; Fox, Robert A.; Jacewicz, Ewa – Journal of Child Language, 2015
This longitudinal case study documents the emergence of bilingualism in a young monolingual Mandarin boy on the basis of an acoustic analysis of his vowel productions recorded via a picture-naming task over 20 months following his enrollment in an all-English (L2) preschool at the age of 3;7. The study examined (1) his initial L2 vowel space, (2)…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Case Studies, Second Language Learning, Language Acquisition
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Estis, Julie M.; Beverly, Brenda L. – Journal of Child Language, 2015
Fast mapping weaknesses in children with specific language impairment (SLI) may be explained by differences in disambiguation, mapping an unknown word to an unnamed object. The impact of language ability and linguistic stimulus on disambiguation was investigated. Sixteen children with SLI (8 preschool, 8 school-age) and sixteen typically…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Child Language, Preschool Children, Elementary School Students
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Kan, Pui Fong – Journal of Child Language, 2014
Children's ability to learn and retain new words is fundamental to their vocabulary development. This study examined word retention in children learning a home language (L1) from birth and a second language (L2) in preschool settings. Participants were presented with sixteen novel words in L1 and in L2 and were tested for retention after…
Descriptors: Retention (Psychology), Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning
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Rydland, Veslemoy; Grover, Vibeke; Lawrence, Joshua – Journal of Child Language, 2014
Little research has explored how preschools can support children's second-language (L2) vocabulary development. This study keenly followed the progress of twenty-six Turkish immigrant children growing up in Norway from preschool (age five) to fifth grade (age ten). Four different measures of preschool talk exposure (amount and diversity of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development, Foreign Countries, Prediction
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Hemsley, Gayle; Holm, Alison; Dodd, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2013
This study investigated cross-linguistic influence in acquisition of a second lexicon, evaluating Samoan-English sequentially bilingual children (initial mean age 4 ; 9) during their first 18 months of school. Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary tasks evaluated acquisition of four word types: cognates, matched nouns, phrasal nouns and holonyms.…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism
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Bergmann, Christina; Paulus, Markus; Fikkert, Paula – Journal of Child Language, 2012
Pronouns seem to be acquired in an asymmetrical way, where children confuse the meaning of pronouns with reflexives up to the age of six, but not vice versa. Children's production of the same referential expressions is appropriate at the age of four. However, response-based tasks, the usual means to investigate child language comprehension, are…
Descriptors: Comprehension, Child Language, Preschool Children, Eye Movements
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Saylor, Megan M.; Carroll, C. Brooke – Journal of Child Language, 2009
The present study investigated three-year-olds' sensitivity to direct and indirect cues to others' knowledge states for word learning purposes. Children were given either direct, physical cues to knowledge or indirect, verbal cues to knowledge. Preschoolers revealed a better ability to learn words from a speaker following direct, physical cues to…
Descriptors: Cues, Verbal Development, Preschool Children, Knowledge Level
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Spere, Katherine A.; Evans, Mary Ann; Hendry, Carol-Anne; Mansell, Jubilea – Journal of Child Language, 2009
Nineteen shy, twenty-three middle and twenty-five non-shy junior kindergarten children were assessed at school by an unfamiliar examiner, and at home where their parents administered a parallel form of the expressive and receptive vocabulary tests given at school. A speech sample between the child and parent was also collected at home. Shy…
Descriptors: Context Effect, Language Skills, English (Second Language), Vocabulary Development
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Samuelson, Larissa K.; Horst, Jessica S.; Schutte, Anne R.; Dobbertin, Brandi N. – Journal of Child Language, 2008
Young children learning English are biased to attend to the shape of solid rigid objects when learning novel names. This study seeks further understanding of the processes that support this behavior by examining a previous finding that three-year-old children are also biased to generalize novel names for objects made from deformable materials by…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Preschool Children, Child Language, Vocabulary
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Resches, Mariela; Pereira, Miguel Perez – Journal of Child Language, 2007
This work aims to analyse the specific contribution of social abilities (here considered as the capacity for attributing knowledge to others) in a particular communicative context. 74 normally developing children (aged 3;4 to 5;9, M=4.6) were given two Theory of Mind (ToM) tasks, which are considered to assess increasing complexity levels of…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Communicative Competence (Languages), Cognitive Development, Child Language
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Tse, Shek Kam; Li, Hui; Leung, Shing On – Journal of Child Language, 2007
The Cantonese language has a complex classifier system and young learners need to pay attention to both the semantics and syntax of classifiers. This study investigated the repertoire of classifiers produced by 492 Cantonese-speaking preschoolers in three age groups (3;0, 4;0 and 5;0). Spontaneous utterances produced in 30-minute toy-play contexts…
Descriptors: Semantics, Syntax, Preschool Children, Foreign Countries
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Kidd, Evan; Bavin, Edith L. – Journal of Child Language, 2005
This paper reports on an investigation of children's (aged 3;5-9;8) comprehension of sentences containing ambiguity of prepositional phrase (PP) attachment. Results from a picture selection study (N=90) showed that children use verb semantics and preposition type to resolve the ambiguity, with older children also showing sensitivity to the…
Descriptors: Sentences, Cues, Investigations, Semantics
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Casenhiser, Devin M. – Journal of Child Language, 2005
Research in diachronic linguistics has shown that homonyms are often dispreferred in language. This study proposes that this trend is mirrored in the difficulties that children encounter in mapping homonyms. Two experiments are presented in support of this proposition. In Experiment 1, 16 preschool children (mean age = 4;6) are shown to perform…
Descriptors: Diachronic Linguistics, Form Classes (Languages), Preschool Children, Case Studies
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Weist, Richard M.; Pawlak, Aleksandra; Carapella, Jenell – Journal of Child Language, 2004
The purpose of this research was to show how the syntactic and semantic components of the tense-aspect system interact during the acquisition process. Our methodology involved: (1) identifying predicates, (2) finding the initial occurrence of their tense-aspect morphology, and (3) observing the emergence of contrasts. Six children learning Polish…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Child Language, Verbs, Morphemes
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Theakston, Anna L.; Lieven, Elena V. M.; Pine, Julian M.; Rowland, Caroline F. – Journal of Child Language, 2004
In many areas of language acquisition, researchers have suggested that semantic generality plays an important role in determining the order of acquisition of particular lexical forms. However, generality is typically confounded with the effects of input frequency and it is therefore unclear to what extent semantic generality or input frequency…
Descriptors: Semantics, Language Acquisition, Young Children, Verbs
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