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Bedore, Lisa M.; Pena, Elizabeth D.; Griffin, Zenzi M.; Hixon, J. Gregory – Journal of Child Language, 2016
This study evaluates the effects of Age of Exposure to English (AoEE) and Current Input/Output on language performance in a cross-sectional sample of Spanish-English bilingual children. First- (N = 586) and third-graders (N = 298) who spanned a wide range of bilingual language experience participated. Parents and teachers provided information…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 3, Language Acquisition
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Kruk, Richard S.; Reynolds, Kristin A. A. – Journal of Child Language, 2012
We tracked the developmental influences of exposure to French on developing English phonological awareness, decoding and reading comprehension of English-speaking at-risk readers from Grade 1 to Grade 3. Teacher-nominated at-risk readers were matched with not-at-risk readers in French immersion and English language programs. Exposure to spoken…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Immersion Programs, Phonological Awareness, Grade 3
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Fitneva, Stanka A. – Journal of Child Language, 2008
Evidentials are grammatical source-of-knowledge markers. In Bulgarian they provide information about authorship--whether the speaker has personally acquired the information or not--and modality--whether perceptual or cognitive mechanisms were involved in the information's generation. In two experiments, Bulgarian kindergarteners and third-graders…
Descriptors: Slavic Languages, Grammar, Kindergarten, Grade 3