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Tamasi, Katalin; McKean, Christina; Gafos, Adamantios; Hohle, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In a preferential looking paradigm, we studied how children's looking behavior and pupillary response were modulated by the degree of phonological mismatch between the correct label of a target referent and its manipulated form. We manipulated degree of mismatch by introducing one or more featural changes to the target label. Both looking behavior…
Descriptors: Phonology, Child Language, Preferences, Child Behavior
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Van De Velde, Daan J.; Schiller, Niels O.; Levelt, Claartje C.; Van Heuven, Vincent J.; Beers, Mieke; Briaire, Jeroen J.; Frijns, Johan H. M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
The perception and production of emotional and linguistic (focus) prosody were compared in children with cochlear implants (CI) and normally hearing (NH) peers. Thirteen CI and thirteen hearing-age-matched school-aged NH children were tested, as baseline, on non-verbal emotion understanding, non-word repetition, and stimulus identification and…
Descriptors: Intonation, Indo European Languages, Assistive Technology, Correlation
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Tang, Ping; Yuen, Ivan; Xu Rattanasone, Nan; Gao, Liqun; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Weak syllables in Germanic and Romance languages have been reported to be challenging for young children, with syllable omission and/or incomplete reduction persisting till age five. In Mandarin Chinese, neutral tone (T0) involves a weak syllable with varied pitch realizations across (preceding) tonal contexts and short duration. The present study…
Descriptors: Syllables, Mandarin Chinese, Tone Languages, Intonation
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Delcenserie, A.; Genesee, F.; Trudeau, N.; Champoux, F. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
A battery of standardized language tests and control measures was administered to three groups of at-risk language learners -- internationally adopted children, deaf children with cochlear implants, and children with specific language impairment -- and to groups of second-language learners and typically developing monolingual children. All…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Language Tests, At Risk Students, Adoption
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Van Goch, Merel M.; Verhoeven, Ludo; McQueen, James M. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In lexical development, the specificity of phonological representations is important. The ability to build phonologically specific lexical representations predicts the number of words a child knows (vocabulary breadth), but it is not clear if it also fosters how well words are known (vocabulary depth). Sixty-six children were studied in…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Prediction, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Brouwer, Susanne; Özkan, Deniz; Küntay, Aylin C. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated whether cross-linguistic differences affect semantic prediction. We assessed this by looking at two languages, Dutch and Turkish, that differ in word order and thus vary in how words come together to create sentence meaning. In an eye-tracking task, Dutch and Turkish four-year-olds (N = 40), five-year-olds (N = 58), and…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Contrastive Linguistics, Semantics
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Babatsouli, Elena; Nicoladis, Elena – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Previous research in child language shows that many aspects of language acquisition are frequency-linked. This study tests whether input or usage frequency predicts the order of acquisition and accuracy of a bilingual Greek-English child's English possessives. The child was followed longitudinally from age 2;6 to 3;11. Order of acquisition was…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Greek, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Arciuli, Joanne; Bailey, Benjamin – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In this exploratory study, we examined stress contrastivity within real word productions elicited via picture naming in 20 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 20 typical peers group-wise matched on age and vocabulary. Targets had a dominant pattern of lexical stress beginning with a strong-weak pattern (SW: 'caterpillar',…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Suprasegmentals
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Han, Min Kyung; Storkel, Holly; Bontempo, Daniel E. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Many studies have addressed the effect of neighborhood density (phonological similarity among words) on word learning in quiet listening conditions. We explored how noise influences the effect of neighborhood density on children's word learning. One-hundred-and-two preschoolers learned nonwords varied in neighborhood density in one of four…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Phonology
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Franchin, Laura; Savazzi, Federica; Neira-Gutierrez, Isabel Cristina; Surian, Luca – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Infants begin to understand some of the meanings of the adjective "good" at around thirteen months, but it is not clear when they start to map it to concepts in the moral domain. We investigated infants' and toddlers' knowledge of "good" in the domains of help and fairness. Participants at 20 and 30 months were shown computer…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Language, Cognitive Mapping, Concept Formation
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Wikse Barrow, Carla; Nilsson Bjorkenstam, Kristina; Strombergsson, Sofia – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study aimed to investigate concerns of validity and reliability in subjective ratings of age-of-acquisition (AoA), through exploring characteristics of the individual rater. An additional aim was to validate the obtained AoA ratings against two corpora -- one of child speech and one of adult speech -- specifically exploring whether words…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Evaluators, Validity, Reliability
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Levy, Helena; Konieczny, Lars; Hanulikova, Adriana – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Substantial individual differences exist in regard to type and amount of experience with variable speech resulting from foreign or regional accents. Whereas prior experience helps with processing familiar accents, research on how experience with accented speech affects processing of unfamiliar accents is inconclusive, ranging from perceptual…
Descriptors: Pronunciation, Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Language Processing
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Lustigman, Lyle; Clark, Eve V. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study focuses on adult responses to children's verb uses, the information they provide, and how they change over time. We analyzed longitudinal samples from four children acquiring Hebrew (age-range: 1;4-2;5; child verb-forms = 8,337). All child verbs were coded for inflectional category, and for whether and how adults responded to them. Our…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Verbs, Language Usage, Feedback (Response)
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Hessel, Annina K.; Murphy, Victoria A. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
We explored the vocabulary and metaphor comprehension of learners of English as an additional language (EAL) in the first two years of UK primary school. EAL vocabulary knowledge is believed to be a crucial predictor of (reading) comprehension and educational attainment (Murphy, 2018). The vocabulary of five- to seven-year-old children with EAL…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Vocabulary Development
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Lecce, Serena; Ronchi, Luca; Del Sette, Paola; Bsichetti, Luca; Bambini, Valentina – Journal of Child Language, 2019
We investigated the association between individual differences in metaphor understanding and Theory of Mind (ToM) in typically developing children. We distinguished between two types of metaphors and created a Physical and Mental Metaphors task, echoing a similar distinction for ToM. Nine-year-olds scored lower than older age-groups in ToM as well…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Language Processing, Theory of Mind, Figurative Language
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