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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,584 results Save | Export
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Rowe, Meredith L.; Snow, Catherine E. – Journal of Child Language, 2020
This paper provides an overview of the features of caregiver input that facilitate language learning across early childhood. We discuss three dimensions of input quality: interactive, linguistic, and conceptual. All three types of input features have been shown to predict children's language learning, though perhaps through somewhat different…
Descriptors: Child Language, Young Children, Language Acquisition, Interaction
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Doering, Elena; Schluter, Kevin; von Suchodoletz, Antje – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Previous research indicates that features of speech during mother-toddler interactions are dependent on the situational context. In this study, we explored language samples of 69 mother-toddler dyads collected during standardized toy play and book-reading situations across two countries, Germany and the United States (US). The results showed that…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Toddlers, Story Reading
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Genovese, Giuliana; Spinelli, Maria; Romero Lauro, Leonor J.; Aureli, Tiziana; Castelletti, Giulia; Fasolo, Mirco – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Infant-directed speech (IDS) is a specific register that adults use to address infants, and it is characterised by prosodic exaggeration and lexical and syntactic simplification. Several authors have underlined that this simplified speech becomes more complex according to the infant's age. However, there is a lack of studies on lexical and…
Descriptors: Infants, Speech Communication, Syntax, Language Variation
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Soto, Gloria; Clarke, Michael T.; Nelson, Keith; Starowicz, Renee; Savaldi-Harussi, Gat – Journal of Child Language, 2020
The present study investigated the effects of different types of recasts and prompts on the rate of repair and spontaneous use of novel vocabulary by eight children with severe motor speech disabilities who used speech-generating technologies to communicate. Data came from 60 transcripts of clinical sessions that were part of a conversation-based…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Child Language, Prompting, Assistive Technology
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Quigley, Jean; Nixon, Elizabeth – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Research on sources of individual difference in parental Infant-Directed Speech (IDS) is limited and there is a particular lack of research on fathers' compared to mothers' speech. This study examined the predictive relations between infant characteristics and variability in paternal lexical diversity (LD) in dyadic free play with two-year-olds (M…
Descriptors: Fathers, Infants, Parent Child Relationship, Speech Communication
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Yoshida, Hanako; Cirino, Paul; Mire, Sarah S.; Burling, Joseph M.; Lee, Sunbok – Journal of Child Language, 2020
The present study focused on parents' social cue use in relation to young children's attention. Participants were ten parent-child dyads; all children were 36 to 60 months old and were either typically developing (TD) or were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Children wore a head-mounted camera that recorded the proximate child view…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Toddlers
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Gampe, Anja; Hartmann, Leonie; Daum, Moritz M. – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Bilingual children show a number of advantages in the domain of communication. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether differences in interactions are present before productive language skills emerge. For a duration of 5 minutes, 64 parents and their 14-month-old infants explored a decorated room together. The coordination of their…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Infants, Parent Child Relationship, Language Acquisition
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Davies, Catherine; Lingwood, Jamie; Arunachalam, Sudha – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Adjectives are essential for describing and differentiating concepts. However, they have a protracted development relative to other word classes. Here we measure three- and four-year-olds' exposure to adjectives across a range of interactive and socioeconomic contexts to: (i) measure the syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic variability of adjectives…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Syntax, Semantics, Socioeconomic Status
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Han, Mengru; De Jong, Nivja H.; Kager, René – Journal of Child Language, 2020
This study investigates the pitch properties of infant-directed speech (IDS) specific to word-learning contexts in which mothers introduce unfamiliar words to children. Using a semi-spontaneous story-book telling task, we examined (1) whether mothers made distinctions between unfamiliar and familiar words with pitch in IDS compared to…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Indo European Languages, Mandarin Chinese, Intonation
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Dirks, Evelien; Stevens, Angela; Kok, Sigrid; Frijns, Johan; Rieffe, Carolien – Journal of Child Language, 2020
This study examined the quantity and quality of parental linguistic input to toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared with toddlers with normal hearing (NH). The linguistic input to eighteen toddlers with MHL and twenty-four toddlers with NH was examined during a 10-minute free-play activity in their home environment. Results showed that…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Linguistic Input, Toddlers, Hearing Impairments
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Lorang, Emily; Venker, Courtney E.; Sterling, Audra – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Maternal input influences language development in children with Down syndrome (DS) and typical development (TD). Telegraphic input, or simplified input violating English grammatical rules, is controversial in speech-language pathology, yet no research to date has investigated whether mothers of children with DS use telegraphic input. This study…
Descriptors: Mothers, Down Syndrome, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Hoff, Erika; Core, Cynthia; Shanks, Katherine F. – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Many children learn language, in part, from the speech of non-native speakers who vary in their language proficiency. To investigate the influence of speaker proficiency on the quality of child-directed speech, 29 mothers who were native English speakers and 31 mothers who were native speakers of Spanish and who reported speaking English to their…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Proficiency, Mothers
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Kuchirko, Yana A.; Schatz, Jacob L.; Fletcher, Katelyn K.; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine S. – Journal of Child Language, 2020
We examined the functions of mothers' speech to infants during two tasks -- book-sharing and bead-stringing -- in low-income, ethnically diverse families. Mexican, Dominican, and African American mothers and their infants were video-recorded sharing wordless books and toy beads in the home when infants were aged 1;2 and 2;0. Mothers' utterances…
Descriptors: Mothers, Infants, Interpersonal Communication, Speech Communication
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Moreno-Núñez, Ana; Rodríguez, Cintia; Miranda-Zapata, Edgardo – Journal of Child Language, 2020
Within developmental psychology, pointing gestures have received a great deal of attention, while ostensive gestures have been overlooked in terms of their emergence and intentionality. In a longitudinal and micro-genetic study with six children at 9, 11, and 13 months of age, we codified gesture production of children within second-by-second data…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Classification, Child Development, Longitudinal Studies
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Ashkenazi, Orit; Gillis, Steven; Ravid, Dorit – Journal of Child Language, 2020
This study examined early Hebrew verb acquisition, highlighting CDS-CS relations across inflectional and derivational verb learning. It was carried out on a corpus of longitudinal dense dyadic interactions of two Hebrew-speaking toddlers aged 1;8-2;2 and their parents. Findings revealed correlated patterns within and between CDS and CS corpora in…
Descriptors: Verbs, Semitic Languages, Computational Linguistics, Grammar
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