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Gayford, Chris – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Suggested is a methodology for teaching and assessing group problem-solving with secondary school pupils. The results of a study conducted on this method are presented. The problem-solving approach used and operational definitions for assessment are listed. Scenarios for problem-solving activities are included. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Biology, Cognitive Processes, Creative Thinking
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Baxby, Derrick – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Presented is a brief review of the historical importance and knowledge of pneumonia which emphasizes the importance of type transformation. The results of a survey of textbook coverage of this topic are given. The significance of type transformations are discussed. (CW)
Descriptors: Bacteria, Biological Sciences, Biology, College Science
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Tema, B. O. – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Investigated are the alternative conceptions of the concept "animal" held by African youngsters. Three forms of thinking among the pupils are identified. An attempt is made to explain the possible origin of anthropocentric thinking among pupils. Urban and rural groups are compared. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Biology, Cognitive Structures, Foreign Countries
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Welford, A. G.; Donnelly, A. F. – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
This paper shows that more pupils take biology than the other sciences in England. Biology attracts pupils of all abilities and girls in particular. Performance data reported suggests that the study of biology is not as effective in enhancing science performance as are the physical sciences. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Biology, Females, Foreign Countries
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Downie, Roger; Alexander, Lynne – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
The results of surveys of biology staff and students at Scottish universities concerning attitudes to the use of animals in education are reported. Discussed are survey methods used, the results of each survey, and bioethics in general. The staff and student questionnaires are both included. (CW)
Descriptors: Bioethics, Biological Sciences, College Science, Culturing Techniques
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Shemesh, Michal; Lazarowitz, Reuven – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Presented are the results of an analysis of the cognitive stages of tenth-grade pupils using a six-week unit on the respiratory system. The research design, instruments, and data analysis are discussed. A variety of cognitive levels was found and may be related to learning outcomes. (CW)
Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Developmental Stages
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Seymour, Jerry; Longden, Bernard – Journal of Biological Education, 1991
Reports results of procedures directed at isolating and identifying students' difficulties in comprehending the concepts involved in lessons about gas exchange and respiration. Indicates that pupils (n=137) had deficient understanding of prerequisite concepts and tended to operate at the concrete operational level, whereas the highly abstract…
Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Style, Cognitive Tests
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Okebukola, Peter A. – Journal of Biological Education, 1984
Examined the effectiveness of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic interaction patterns in promoting acquisition of science process skills during biology laboratory activities. Results (from 720 secondary students--352 girls and 368 boys) show that competitive interaction was superior to cooperative and individualistic interaction…
Descriptors: Biology, Competition, Cooperation, Independent Study