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Forissier, Thomas; Clement, Pierre – Journal of Biological Education, 2003
"Biological identity" is the result of interactions between the environment and the genome. These interactions, however, were not taught before 2001. In the French syllabus for 16-year-old students, two of the five sections on genetics deal with biological identity. We analysed the texts and images of the chapters relating to these two…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Textbooks, Genetics, Environmental Influences
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Reid, David – Journal of Biological Education, 1990
The concept of a "picture superiority effect" is discussed. Examined are a number of perceptual considerations that need to be given to picture construction. Parameters which appear to attract the learner's attention to a picture are considered. (CW)
Descriptors: High Schools, Illustrations, Science Education, Science Materials
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Brown, C. R. – Journal of Biological Education, 1990
Discussed are problems revealed in student responses to a practical task which formed part of an advanced level examination. The frequencies with which some misconceptions about cell reproduction and genetics occurred are presented. The nature of these misconceptions is analyzed and their implications discussed. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Biology, Cognitive Structures, Genetics
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Webb, Paul; Boltt, Gill – Journal of Biological Education, 1990
Investigated is the ability of high school pupils and university students to answer questions based on relationships within food webs using sound ecological principles. Research methods used and the results of this study are discussed. (CW)
Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Structures, College Science, Ecology
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Gayford, Chris – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Suggested is a methodology for teaching and assessing group problem-solving with secondary school pupils. The results of a study conducted on this method are presented. The problem-solving approach used and operational definitions for assessment are listed. Scenarios for problem-solving activities are included. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Biology, Cognitive Processes, Creative Thinking
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Baxby, Derrick – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Presented is a brief review of the historical importance and knowledge of pneumonia which emphasizes the importance of type transformation. The results of a survey of textbook coverage of this topic are given. The significance of type transformations are discussed. (CW)
Descriptors: Bacteria, Biological Sciences, Biology, College Science
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Jungwirth, Ehud; Dreyfus, Amos – Journal of Biological Education, 1990
Described are the use of two different tests designed to test for selected inquiry skills. Procedures, tests used, and results in several different countries are presented. Implications for classroom instruction are discussed. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Inquiry
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Amir, Ruth; Tamir, Pinchas – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Described is a study of 147 students that indicated a high proportion of students did not understand the concept of limiting factors. Textbook presentations that create problems are discussed. Strategies which may be more effective in teaching the concept are suggested. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation
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Russell-Gebbett, Jean – Journal of Biological Education, 1984
Investigated 11 to 15 year olds' abilities to understand three-dimensional structures (including sectional views of eggs, cells, stems, and fish) studies in biology. Results indicate two skills needed for success: abstracting sectional shapes and appreciating spatial relationships of internal parts. Gives examples of students "talking…
Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Ability, Science Education, Science Instruction
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Gayford, C. G. – Journal of Biological Education, 1984
Discusses concepts needed to understand plant water relations and results of a study designed to examine the understanding of these concepts by students preparing for A-level examinations. Focuses on students who have learned the topic using the old terminology compared with students adopting the new suggested terms. (Author/JN)
Descriptors: Biology, Botany, Comprehension, Concept Formation
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Azencot, Moshe; Blum, Abraham – Journal of Biological Education, 1985
Reports that story-type chapters with dialogues, presented to lower secondary pupils (N=546) before they read a bio-technical text: (1) increased their objective understanding in terms, bio-technical instruction, and sequences in a process; and (2) enhanced their subjective assessment of the ease and attractiveness of the bio-technical text. (DH)
Descriptors: Biology, Junior High Schools, Reading Improvement, Reading Research
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Tema, B. O. – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
Investigated are the alternative conceptions of the concept "animal" held by African youngsters. Three forms of thinking among the pupils are identified. An attempt is made to explain the possible origin of anthropocentric thinking among pupils. Urban and rural groups are compared. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Biology, Cognitive Structures, Foreign Countries
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Welford, A. G.; Donnelly, A. F. – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
This paper shows that more pupils take biology than the other sciences in England. Biology attracts pupils of all abilities and girls in particular. Performance data reported suggests that the study of biology is not as effective in enhancing science performance as are the physical sciences. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Biology, Females, Foreign Countries
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Macnab, W.; Johnstone, A. H. – Journal of Biological Education, 1990
Described are the results of a spatial skills test designed to assess processing from 2-D to 3-D, 3-D to 2-D, and orientation. Results indicated that different aspects of spatial ability did not develop at the same rate, and the 3-D to 2-D skill took the longest to develop. (CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Elementary School Science
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Downie, Roger; Alexander, Lynne – Journal of Biological Education, 1989
The results of surveys of biology staff and students at Scottish universities concerning attitudes to the use of animals in education are reported. Discussed are survey methods used, the results of each survey, and bioethics in general. The staff and student questionnaires are both included. (CW)
Descriptors: Bioethics, Biological Sciences, College Science, Culturing Techniques
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