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Vibert, Bethany A.; Dufek, Sarah; Klein, Claire B.; Choi, Yeo Bi; Winter, Jamie; Lord, Catherine; Kim, So Hyun – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study aimed to provide initial validity and reliability of the "Measure of NDBI Strategy Implementation-Caregiver Change" ("MONSI-CC"), a novel measure that captures changes in caregivers' implementation of NDBI strategies during early intervention. The MONSI-CC was applied to 119 observations of 43 caregiver-child dyads…
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Test Validity
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Zhang, Yujian; Lin, Ling; Liu, Jianbo; Shi, Ling; Lu, Jianping – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the dental health status of children with ASD in terms of decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) and decayed, missing, and filled deciduous teeth (dmft). PubMed, Embase, psycINFO, and Cochrane library were searched for studies published until September 2018. A random-effects model was…
Descriptors: Dental Health, Dental Evaluation, Children, Autism
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Marsack-Topolewski, Christina N. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study provided a description of types and dimensions of informal and formal social support among aging parental caregivers of adult children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Parents participated in a web-based survey regarding use of and satisfaction with social support services for parents or their adult children. Results…
Descriptors: Parents, Social Support Groups, Adults, Autism
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Mazzaggio, Greta; Shield, Aaron – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The language of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often characterized by difficulties with pronouns. The underlying reasons for such difficulties are still unclear. This study is the first to test the abilities of children with ASD who speak Italian, a language in which overt subject pronouns are optional but verbs obligatorily…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Form Classes (Languages), Verbs, Italian
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Healy, Seán; Garcia, Jeanette M.; Haegele, Justin A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study aimed to examine how environmental factors are associated with physical activity (PA) and screen-time (ST) among children with and without ASD (n = 1380 and 1411, respectively). For TD children, the absence of a bedroom television and neighborhood support were associated with PA. For children with ASD, no environmental factors were…
Descriptors: Environmental Influences, Physical Activity Level, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Montazeri, Farhad; de Bildt, Annelies; Dekker, Vera; Anderson, George M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Depression-, anxiety-, OCD- and autism-related behaviors were assessed in 118 high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and in 2016 controls. The ASD group had a higher rate of clinical depression and markedly higher "insomnia" and "restlessness" scores. Network analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety
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Calhoun, Susan L.; Pearl, Amanda M.; Fernandez-Mendoza, Julio; Durica, Krina C.; Mayes, Susan D.; Murray, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Sleep disturbances (SD) are prevalent in individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Less is known about the effects of SD on cognition and learning in adolescents with high-functioning ASD (HF-ASD). Adolescents with HF-ASD (N = 96) were evaluated for the relationships of SD to working memory and learning problems. Results found SD…
Descriptors: Sleep, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents
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Russ, Victoria; Kovshoff, Hanna; Brown, Tony; Abbott, Patricia; Hadwin, Julie A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study explored the social-cognitive profile of 173 adults referred for an autism assessment. We considered key dimensional traits (autism, empathy and systemising) to understand social cognition in adults diagnosed with an autism spectrum condition compared with those who were referred for, but did not receive a diagnosis. There were no…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Lampi, Andrew; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Romero, Veronica; Amaral, Joseph; Schmidt, R. C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The social and motor context in which restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) occur in autism and their relationship to social traits are not well-understood. Participants with and without autism completed tasks that varied in social and motor engagement and RRB frequency was measured. Motor and verbal RRBs were most common, RRBs varied based…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Patterns
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Duvall, Susanne W.; Huang-Storms, Lark; Presmanes Hill, Alison; Myers, Julianne; Fombonne, Eric – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Inconsistent findings regarding sex differences in cognition have been found in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study evaluated sex differences in cognitive-developmental functioning in a large clinical sample of young children diagnosed with ASD. The sample included children 18-68 months of age who received the Mullen Scales of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers
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Mahapatra, Shreyas; Khokhlovich, Edward; Martinez, Samantha; Kannel, Benjamin; Edelson, Stephen M.; Vyshedskiy, Andrey – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here we report the results of the subgroup analyses of an observational cohort of children whose parents completed the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) over the period of several years. A linear mixed effects model was used to evaluate longitudinal changes in ATEC scores within different patient subgroups. All groups decreased their…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Check Lists, Diagnostic Tests
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Adams, Dawn; Clark, Megan; Simpson, Kate – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Children on the autism spectrum experience high rates of anxiety but little is known about the impact of anxiety on child or parent quality of life (QoL). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between anxiety, autism characteristics, and QoL in children and their parents. Sixty-four parents of children on the spectrum completed…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, Quality of Life
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Hodgins, Zoe; Kelley, Elizabeth; Kloosterman, Patricia; Hall, Layla; Hudson, Chloe C.; Furlano, Rosaria; Craig, Wendy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Although there is evidence to suggest that adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty interpreting complex social situations, little is known about their understanding of bullying. Given the high rates of victimization in this population, it is important to investigate how adolescents with ASD comprehend bullying. Male…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Bullying, Victims
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Spek, Annelies A.; van Rijnsoever, Wendy; van Laarhoven, Lisa; Kiep, Michelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The presence of eating problems was assessed in 53 males and 36 females with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with and without housing and residential support. The results were compared to a neurotypical group of 30 men and 38 women. The results indicate that men and especially women with ASD experience various eating problems. Women with ASD…
Descriptors: Eating Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Shaia, Wendy E.; Nichols, Helen M.; Dababnah, Sarah; Campion, Karen; Garbarino, Nicole – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Black and African-American families are underrepresented in research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and few studies have explored how to increase their involvement. To address this gap in the literature, this study explored the perspectives of 22 Black families raising children with ASD in order to identify facilitators and barriers to research…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Family Involvement, African American Family
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