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Berkovits, Lauren D.; Moody, Christine T.; Blacher, Jan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
There is minimal research regarding the personal experiences and perceptions of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Yet, the positive and negative perceptions that youth internalize about their diagnoses are crucial, as they may have a strong impact on individuals' self-concept and well-being. This paper utilizes mixed methods to describe…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept
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Bauminger-Zviely, Nirit; Eytan, Dganit; Hoshmand, Sagit; Ben-Shlomo, Ofira Rajwan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This RCT study examined efficacy of a preschool peer social intervention (PPSI) in facilitating social engagement of preschoolers with high-functioning ASD (HFASD; N = 65). HFASD participants were randomly assigned by preschool to a 6-month intervention (play, interaction, or conversation) or a waitlisted-treatment-as-usual control group. Trained…
Descriptors: Intervention, Peer Relationship, Preschool Children, Autism
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McClain, Maryellen Brunson; Harris, Bryn; Haverkamp, Cassity R.; Golson, Megan E.; Schwartz, Sarah E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
It is important for all professionals who work with individuals who have ASD to have sufficient knowledge of the disorder. The development of ASD knowledge may occur during preservice training and/or through professional development. Currently, there is no "gold standard" measure of ASD knowledge. A study focusing on the development of a…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Knowledge Level, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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González-Domenech, Pablo José; Díaz Atienza, Francisco; Pablos, Carlos García; Soto, María Luisa Fernández; Martínez-Ortega, José María; Gutiérrez-Rojas, Luis – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The use of alternative interventions, such as gluten-free and casein-free (GFCF) diets, is frequent due to limited therapies for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Our aims were to determine the influence of a GFCF diet on behavior disorders in children and adolescents diagnosed with ASD and the potential association with urinary beta-casomorphin…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Dietetics, Children, Adolescents
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Kelleher, Bridgette; Halligan, Taylor; Garwood, Tessa; Howell, Samantha; Martin-O'Dell, Breanna; Swint, Amber; Shelton, Liberty-Ann; Shin, Joey – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
It is well-recognized that measurement options for diagnosing and monitoring children with neurogenetic syndromes (NGS) associated with moderate to severe intellectual impairment are limited (Berry-Kravis, Dev Med Child Neurol 10.1111/dmcn.13018, 2016), and caregivers experience significant concerns regarding the assessment process. However to…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Neurological Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Intellectual Disability
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Sng, Cheong Ying; Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer; Sweller, Naomi – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Pragmatic difficulties resulting in problems with reciprocal conversation are widely studied in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There is some consensus on the conversation differences between individuals with autism compared to neurotypical groups and groups with other developmental delays. There is little information on whether…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Skills
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Taylor, Lauren J.; Charman, Tony; Howlin, Patricia; Slonims, Vicky; Green, Jonathan; Aldred, Catherine; Aldred, Catherine; Le Couteur, Ann; Emsley, Richard A.; Grahame, Victoria; Humphrey, Neil; Leadbitter, Kathy; McConachie, Helen; Parr, Jeremy R.; Pickles, Andrew; Taylor, Carol; Balabanovska, Matea; Beach, Hilary; Byford, Sarah; Bennett, Claire; Carruthers, Sophie; Crook, Imogen; Danvers, Hannah; Dartnall, Kate; Ellis, Ceri; Foote, Hannah; Graham, Jessica; James, Kirsty; Jamieson, Sarah; Knight, Anna; Lowe, Jo; Madeley, Ruth; Mitchell, Olivia; Monteiro, Francisca; Moore, Heather L.; Morley, Helen; Rose, Jessica; Rogan, Leanne; Vosper, Susanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We investigated the early sociocognitive battery (ESB), a novel measure of preverbal social communication skills, in children with autism participating in the Paediatric Autism Communication Trial-Generalised (PACT-G). The associations between ESB scores, language and autism symptoms were assessed in 249 children aged 2-11 years. The results show…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Communication
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Oryadi-Zanjani, Mohammad Majid – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Childhood Nonverbal Communication Scale (CNCS) to assess nonverbal communication skills in children from birth to 18 months old. An extensive review of existing research provided evidence used to generate items representative of nonverbal communication behaviors. The final version of the CNCS…
Descriptors: Children, Nonverbal Communication, Communication Skills, Infants
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Oti-Boadi, M.; Dankyi, E.; Kwakye-Nuako, C. O. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study explored stigma experiences of mothers of children with ASD and forgiveness as their coping response. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 6 mothers of children with ASD. Results of this study found several noteworthy themes including, feelings of mother, family/societal reactions, forgiveness factors, and impact of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Social Bias, Mothers, Children
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Geurts, Hilde M.; Pol, S. E.; Lobbestael, J.; Simons, Claudia J. P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
As executive functioning (EF) is especially sensitive to age-related cognitive decline, EF was evaluated by using a multi-method assessment. Fifty males (60-85 years) with a late adulthood autism spectrum condition (ASC) diagnosis and 51 non-ASC males (60-83 years) were compared on cognitive tests across EF domains (cognitive flexibility,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Older Adults, Males, Aging (Individuals)
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Gordon, Andrew; Geddert, Raphael; Hogeveen, Jeremy; Krug, Marie K.; Obhi, Sukhvinder; Solomon, Marjorie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Research has observed evidence for both "hypo"-(supposedly due to a broken mirror neuron system) and "hyper"-(thought to be the result of deficits in adaptive control) imitation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This work sought to adjudicate between these findings using an automatic imitation (AI) paradigm with the novel…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Imitation, Neurological Impairments
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Dimitrova, Nevena; Mohr, Christine; Özçaliskan, Seyda; Adamson, Lauren B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) produce fewer deictic gestures, accompanied by delays/deviations in speech development, compared to typically-developing (TD) children. We ask whether children with ASD--like TD children--show right-hand preference in gesturing and whether right-handed gestures predict their vocabulary size in speech.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nonverbal Communication, Expressive Language
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Azad, Gazi F.; Dillon, Emily; Feuerstein, Julie; Kalb, Luke; Neely, Jason; Landa, Rebecca – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We examined whether different profiles of quality of life (QoL) existed among youth referred to an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) specialty clinic and, if present, determined if these groups were associated with different characteristics. Data were from parental report of 5-17 year-old youth (N = 476) who were scheduled to receive an evaluation at…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinics
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Dijkhuis, Renée; de Sonneville, Leo; Ziermans, Tim; Staal, Wouter; Swaab, Hanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Many students with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) attending higher education drop out prematurely. The predictive value of self-reported daily executive functioning (EF) and (cognitive) performance-based EF (mental flexibility and working memory) for academic progress was evaluated in 54 young adults with ASD (M[subscript age] = 22.5, SD = 2.4,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Executive Function
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de Vries, Marieke; Cader, Sabrina; Colleer, Lucy; Batteux, Eleonore; Yasdiman, Meryem Betul; Tan, Yih Jiun; Sheppard, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Cultural background might influence knowledge and attitudes regarding autism, influencing willingness to interact. We studied whether beliefs, knowledge, contact, and attitude differed between the UK and Malaysia. With mediation analyses, we studied how these factors influenced willingness to interact. Autism was more often linked to food in the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cultural Influences, Knowledge Level
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