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Lovell, Brian; Wetherell, Mark A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Caregivers of children with ASD often find benefits associated with their caregiving role, and benefit finding predicts lower distress. Child problematic behaviours (CPB), which positively predict caregivers' distress, are perceived to be being less problematic, or more manageable, by caregivers who find benefits. Benefit finding therefore might…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Caregivers
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Piwowarczyk, Anna; Horvath, Andrea; Pisula, Ewa; Kawa, Rafal; Szajewska, Hania – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
To determine whether a gluten-free diet (GFD) compared with a gluten-containing diet (GD) influences functioning of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), we performed a randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial. Sixty-six children (36-69 months) with ASD, within the normal IQ (> 70) range, who had been on a GFD for at least 8 weeks…
Descriptors: Dietetics, Food, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Wagels, Lisa; Schneider, Isabella; Menke, Saskia; Ponge, Anna Katharina; Kohn, Nils; Schneider, Frank; Habel, Ute – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Externalizing behaviors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often either reduced or elevated compared to healthy controls (HCs). This study investigated the moderating role of context in ASD by comparing 32 individuals with ASD to 40 HCs during a social and a non-social provocation task. Compared to HCs, individuals with ASD…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Context Effect, Responses
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Thom, Robyn P.; Keary, Christopher J.; Waxler, Jessica L.; Pober, Barbara R.; McDougle, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Co-morbid anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), are highly prevalent among individuals with Williams syndrome (WS). However, reports of the pharmacologic treatment of only a limited number of previous anxiety disorders in WS have appeared in the literature. Here, we review the case histories of three adolescents/young…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Drug Therapy, Adolescents
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Anderson, Anastasia H.; Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
An on-line survey of 102 (51 females; undergraduate and graduate) university students with ASD across Australia and New Zealand examined student characteristics and satisfaction with academic and non-academic supports. A broad range of disciplines were studied, and the participants' reported strengths included a passion for learning, strong…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, College Students, Autism
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Simms, V.; Karmiloff-Smith, A.; Ranzato, E.; Van Herwegen, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Previous studies suggest that tasks dependent on the mental number line may be difficult for Williams Syndrome (WS) and Down Syndrome (DS) groups. However, few have directly assessed number line estimation in these groups. The current study assessed 28 WS, 25 DS and 25 typically developing (TD) participants in non-verbal intelligence, number…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Down Syndrome, Computation, Numbers
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Mostert-Kerckhoffs, M. A. L.; Willems, A. E.; Tenback, D. E.; Koning, J. P.; Van Harten, P.; Staal, W. G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Data supporting theoretical models linking autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to motor disturbance are inconclusive. In the present study, children and adolescents with ASD (n = 44) were compared with a matched group of typically developing individuals (n = 49) on both instrumental and observational assessments of motor abnormalities. No group…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychomotor Skills, Children
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O'Nions, Elizabeth; Ceulemans, Eva; Happé, Francesca; Benson, Paul; Evers, Kris; Noens, Ilse – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here, we explored the structure of the 'Parenting Strategies Questionnaire', a new scale designed to measure parenting strategies for problem behaviour in ASD. We then examined links between child behaviour and parenting in a sample of 222 predominantly-UK parents of ASD children exhibiting behaviour found difficult or challenging. Analysis…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Behavior Problems, Autism
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Kim, Irang; Dababnah, Sarah; Lee, Jaegoo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We examined the relationship between family resilience and parenting stress among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder, with a specific focus on race/ethnicity as a moderator. Multivariate models indicated that family resilience was associated with parenting stress. Race/ethnicity significantly moderated the relationship between…
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), Child Rearing, Stress Variables, Parents
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Tsai, Lee-Hou; Lin, Jeng-Wen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here, we describe a case in which an original diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Asperger's syndrome was later adapted to social communication disorder, to meet the new guidelines. First, separate diagnostic labels of autism disorder, Asperger's disorder, and PDD-NOS have been replaced by one umbrella term…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, Communication Disorders
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So, Wing-Chee; Cheng, Chun-Ho; Lam, Wan-Yi; Huang, Ying; Ng, Ka-Ching; Tung, Hiu-Ching; Wong, Wing – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have deficits in joint attention and play behaviors. We examined whether a robot-based play-drama intervention would promote these skills. Chinese-speaking preschool children were randomly assigned to an intervention group (N = 12) and a waitlist control group (N = 11). Children in the intervention…
Descriptors: Robotics, Play, Drama, Intervention
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Panjwani, Anita A.; Ji, Yuelong; Fahey, Jed W.; Palmer, Amanda; Wang, Guoying; Hong, Xiumei; Zuckerman, Barry; Wang, Xiaobin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
In contrast to the well-observed associations between obesity, diabetes, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the roles of maternal dyslipidemia and sex disparity in ASD have not been well-studied. We examined the joint associations of maternal plasma cholesterols, branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and child sex on child ASD risk. We analyzed data…
Descriptors: Obesity, Diabetes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kallitsounaki, Aimilia; Williams, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
A link between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and gender identity difficulties has been suggested. In this study, we found that, among adults from the general population (N = 101) ASD traits (measured using the Autism-spectrum Quotient) were associated negatively and significantly with the strength of both explicit gender self-concept (measured…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Self Concept
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Karaminis, Themis; Arrighi, Roberto; Forth, Georgia; Burr, David; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Autistic individuals often present atypicalities in adaptation--the continuous recalibration of perceptual systems driven by recent sensory experiences. Here, we examined such atypicalities in human biological motion. We used a dual-task paradigm, including a running-speed discrimination task ('comparing the speed of two running silhouettes') and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Autism
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Zhang, Li; Yan, Guoli; Zhou, Li; Lan, Zebo; Benson, Valerie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The current study examined eye movement control in autistic (ASD) children. Simple targets were presented in isolation, or with central, parafoveal, or peripheral distractors synchronously. Sixteen children with ASD (47-81 months) and nineteen age and IQ matched typically developing children were instructed to look to the target as accurately and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Eye Movements, Children, Autism
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