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Volkmar, Fred R.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1992
Data on 52 individuals with and 62 individuals without autism were analyzed to assess developmental aspects of the DSM-III-R (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III, Revised) diagnostic system. Findings indicate that DSM-III-R criteria are more developmentally oriented and more behaviorally specific than previous criteria, but the diagnostic…
Descriptors: Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Developmental Stages, Developmental Tasks
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McLennan, John D.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
The Autism Diagnostic Interview was used to assess the difference between a group of 21 males and 21 females (ages 6-36) with autism with equivalent chronological nonverbal intelligence quotients greater than 60. Males were rated more severely autistic than females on several measures of early social development but not in other areas such as…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Communication Skills
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Castelloe, Paul; Dawson, Geraldine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
Forty parents of children with autism or pervasive developmental disorder completed the Wing Subgroups Questionnaire, developed for subclassifying children into one of L. Wing's three hypothesized subgroups. Results indicated that the questionnaire has adequate external criterion-referenced validity, with similar subgroup ratings made by…
Descriptors: Behavior Rating Scales, Classification, Clinical Diagnosis, Handicap Identification
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McClellan, Jon M.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
This study of 95 youths previously diagnosed with psychotic disorders found that at follow-up, 24 had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, 9 with psychotic mood disorders, 5 with personality disorders, and 1 with schizo-affective disorder. The study confirmed findings regarding early onset schizophrenia and psychotic mood disorders and emphasized the…
Descriptors: Age, Clinical Diagnosis, Emotional Disturbances, Followup Studies
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van Berckelaer-Onnes, Ina; van Duijn, Gijs – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
Seventy-two children (ages 23-148 months) referred to an autism center in the Netherlands were administered the Psychoeducational Profile (PEP) and the Handicaps Behaviour and Skills Schedule (HBS). The correlation between the two instruments was higher than expected, and internal consistency of the subscales of the PEP and the HBS was…
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Rating Scales, Child Development, Children
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Lam, Meggan Ka-ting; Rao, Nirmala – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
The Psychoeducational Profile was translated into Chinese, adapted, and administered to 23 autistic children and 40 children with normal development, ages 3-7, in Hong Kong. The scale was found to have criterion-related validity, discriminant validity, and properties of a developmental scale. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Autism, Child Development, Chinese, Evaluation Methods
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Thurber, Christopher; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
The production of speech pauses and repairs in story narratives produced by autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children, matched on verbal mental age, was analyzed. Children with autism produced fewer nongrammatical pauses, and their nongrammatical pausing was correlated with measures of story length and complexity, suggesting that their…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Processes
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Hunt, Ann; Shepherd, Charles – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
Prevalence of autism in tuberous sclerosis was estimated by interviewing parents of 21 children (ages 3-11). The estimated prevalence of autism was found to be one in four children in general, and one in two of those with mental retardation. Tuberous sclerosis could be a significant cause of autism and pervasive developmental disorders,…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Congenital Impairments, Females
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Berger, Hans J. C.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
This prospective study of 17 high-functioning residentially treated adolescents with autism found that cognitive shifting, as measured by card sorting tests, was the only significant factor in predicting progress in social understanding. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Classification, Cognitive Processes
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Trad, Paul V.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
Evaluation of 26 children (ages 24-55 months) with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) while interacting with either the mother, a familiar female teacher, and an unfamiliar male doctor. PDD subjects were most severely impaired during the mother episode. During the teacher episode, PDD subjects were twice as variable in interpersonal response…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Affective Measures, Behavior Patterns, Emotional Adjustment
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Holroyd, Sarah; Baron-Cohen, Simon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
Evaluation of 17 children with autism at the ages of 6 to 15 and then again at ages 13 to 25, suggested that, for the majority of people with autism, there may be little development of a theory of mind. For a minority, development may extend to the equivalent of a 3- to 4-year-old level by the teenage years. (JDD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Beliefs, Children
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Mouridsen, Svend Erik; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
This study compared parental age of of 273 Danish psychotic and "borderline psychotic" children and matched controls. The mean age of the mothers did not differ significantly from that of the control groups. For fathers, the difference reached statistical significance only for the borderline childhood psychosis group and all diagnostic…
Descriptors: Age, Autism, Children, Etiology
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Patti, Paul J.; Lupinetti, Laura – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
This case study presents a female young adult with autism who was discovered to be hyperlexic and possessing of savant abilities. The paper proposes that hyperlexia (highly developed word recognition skills but little or no comprehension of the words recognized) is a savant ability found in many autistic individuals with exceptional skills and not…
Descriptors: Autism, Case Studies, Females, Language Skills
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Sverd, Jeffrey; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
This paper reports on two children diagnosed as having co-occurring autistic disorder, schizophrenia-like psychosis, and Tourette syndrome, and two autistic adults who had tics and episodes of schizophrenia-like psychosis. (JDD)
Descriptors: Adults, At Risk Persons, Autism, Children
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Klin, Ami – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
A review of 11 studies of auditory brainstem response (ABR) in individuals with autism concludes that the ABR data are only suggestive (rather than supportive) of brainstem involvement in autism. The presence of peripheral hearing impairment was observed in some of the autistic individuals. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Autism, Etiology, Hearing Impairments
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