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Taylor, Lauren J.; Charman, Tony; Howlin, Patricia; Slonims, Vicky; Green, Jonathan; Aldred, Catherine; Aldred, Catherine; Le Couteur, Ann; Emsley, Richard A.; Grahame, Victoria; Humphrey, Neil; Leadbitter, Kathy; McConachie, Helen; Parr, Jeremy R.; Pickles, Andrew; Taylor, Carol; Balabanovska, Matea; Beach, Hilary; Byford, Sarah; Bennett, Claire; Carruthers, Sophie; Crook, Imogen; Danvers, Hannah; Dartnall, Kate; Ellis, Ceri; Foote, Hannah; Graham, Jessica; James, Kirsty; Jamieson, Sarah; Knight, Anna; Lowe, Jo; Madeley, Ruth; Mitchell, Olivia; Monteiro, Francisca; Moore, Heather L.; Morley, Helen; Rose, Jessica; Rogan, Leanne; Vosper, Susanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We investigated the early sociocognitive battery (ESB), a novel measure of preverbal social communication skills, in children with autism participating in the Paediatric Autism Communication Trial-Generalised (PACT-G). The associations between ESB scores, language and autism symptoms were assessed in 249 children aged 2-11 years. The results show…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Communication
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Gordon, Andrew; Geddert, Raphael; Hogeveen, Jeremy; Krug, Marie K.; Obhi, Sukhvinder; Solomon, Marjorie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Research has observed evidence for both "hypo"-(supposedly due to a broken mirror neuron system) and "hyper"-(thought to be the result of deficits in adaptive control) imitation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This work sought to adjudicate between these findings using an automatic imitation (AI) paradigm with the novel…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Imitation, Neurological Impairments
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Dijkhuis, Renée; de Sonneville, Leo; Ziermans, Tim; Staal, Wouter; Swaab, Hanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Many students with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) attending higher education drop out prematurely. The predictive value of self-reported daily executive functioning (EF) and (cognitive) performance-based EF (mental flexibility and working memory) for academic progress was evaluated in 54 young adults with ASD (M[subscript age] = 22.5, SD = 2.4,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Executive Function
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Palser, E. R.; Fotopoulou, A.; Pellicano, E.; Kilner, J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Interoception in autism is receiving increasing research attention. Previously, differences were identified in autism on both objective and subjective measures of interoception, and an association with anxiety. Yet, it is currently unknown how interoception relates to core autism features. Here, in 49 autistic children, we consider how…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept, Perception
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Bitsika, Vicki; Sharpley, Christopher F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Previous data have suggested that parents of boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may rate their sons' generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) more severely than the boys do themselves. However, no reports have been published to date which examine this issue in a girls-only sample. This study investigated the extent and nature of mother-daughter…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mild Disabilities, Autism
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Benson, Paul R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Employing a cohort sequential design and multilevel modeling, the direct and indirect effects (via depressed mood, emotional wellbeing, and perceived support) of received network support on marital quality were assessed over a 7-year period (child age 7-14) on 96 married or cohabiting mothers of children with ASD. Findings indicated several…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Marital Status, Mothers
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Lampi, Andrew; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Romero, Veronica; Amaral, Joseph; Schmidt, R. C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The social and motor context in which restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) occur in autism and their relationship to social traits are not well-understood. Participants with and without autism completed tasks that varied in social and motor engagement and RRB frequency was measured. Motor and verbal RRBs were most common, RRBs varied based…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Patterns
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Mahapatra, Shreyas; Khokhlovich, Edward; Martinez, Samantha; Kannel, Benjamin; Edelson, Stephen M.; Vyshedskiy, Andrey – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here we report the results of the subgroup analyses of an observational cohort of children whose parents completed the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) over the period of several years. A linear mixed effects model was used to evaluate longitudinal changes in ATEC scores within different patient subgroups. All groups decreased their…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Check Lists, Diagnostic Tests
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Galdino, Marlene Pereira; Pegoraro, Luiz Fernando Longuim; Saad, Laura Olalla; Grodberg, David; Celeri, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Autism Mental Status Examination (AMSE) in a Brazilian sample of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A sample of 260 children and adolescents, comprising 56 (21.5%) females and 204 (78.5%) males, was assessed. The participants were submitted to both the childhood…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychometrics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Boada, L.; Lahera, G.; Pina-Camacho, L.; Merchán-Naranjo, J.; Díaz-Caneja, C. M.; Bellón, J. M.; Ruiz-Vargas, J. M.; Parellada, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Social cognition impairment is a core shared phenotype in both schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study compares social cognition performance through four different instruments in a sample of 147 individuals with ASD or SSD and in healthy controls. We found that both clinical groups perform similarly…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Wong, Venus; McGrew, John; Ruble, Lisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The transition outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families are less than desirable. A survey of parent stressors, resources, coping/appraisals, and adaptation to transition was completed by 226 parents. The mediating mechanisms between stressors and parent outcomes were identified. At the indicator level, three…
Descriptors: Prediction, Coping, Emotional Response, Stress Variables
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Garcia-Villamisar, D.; Moore, D.; Garcia-Martínez, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on pain in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is in its infancy, with almost nothing known about how individual differences may predicting pain response in ASD. In the present study, 45 adults (28 male, age 22-48 years) with diagnoses of autism and intellectual delay were observed during vaccination or dental cleaning and their pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pain, Clinical Diagnosis
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Zachor, Ditza A.; Ben-Itzchak, Esther – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
High rates of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbidity have been described in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study searched for predictors at toddlerhood of the severity of ADHD symptoms at adolescence. The study included 65 participants, (mean age = 13:8 year), diagnosed with ASD at toddlerhood. Participants underwent a…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Ireri, Niceta W.; White, Susan W.; Mbwayo, Anne W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Anxiety in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contributes to their functional impairment. We evaluated a cognitive-behavioral program for anxiety and social deficits in children with ASD in two schools in Nairobi City, Kenya. Parents and teachers of 40 children and adolescents with ASD (5-21 years) participated, randomized by school. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety
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Bloy, Luke; Shwayder, Kobey; Blaskey, Lisa; Roberts, Timothy P. L.; Embick, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study introduces an objective neurophysiological marker of language ability, the integral of event-related desynchronization in the 5-20 Hz band during 0.2-1 seconds post auditory stimulation with interleaved word/non-word tokens. This measure correlates with clinical assessment of language function in both ASD and neurotypical pediatric…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Skills, Auditory Stimuli
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