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Bos, Dienke J.; Silver, Benjamin M.; Barnes, Emily D.; Ajodan, Eliana L.; Silverman, Melanie R.; Clark-Whitney, Elysha; Tarpey, Thaddeus; Jones, Rebecca M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Differences in motivation during adolescence relative to childhood and adulthood in autism was tested in a cross-sectional study. 156 Typically developing individuals and 79 individuals with autism ages 10-30 years of age completed a go/nogo task with social and non-social cues. To assess age effects, linear and quadratic models were used.…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Wieckowski, Andrea Trubanova; White, Susan W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Diminished attending to faces may contribute to the impairments in emotion recognition and expression in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study evaluated the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of an attention modification intervention designed to attenuate deficits in facial emotion recognition (FER). During the…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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Palser, E. R.; Fotopoulou, A.; Pellicano, E.; Kilner, J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Interoception in autism is receiving increasing research attention. Previously, differences were identified in autism on both objective and subjective measures of interoception, and an association with anxiety. Yet, it is currently unknown how interoception relates to core autism features. Here, in 49 autistic children, we consider how…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Concept, Perception
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Tsai, Lee-Hou; Lin, Jeng-Wen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here, we describe a case in which an original diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Asperger's syndrome was later adapted to social communication disorder, to meet the new guidelines. First, separate diagnostic labels of autism disorder, Asperger's disorder, and PDD-NOS have been replaced by one umbrella term…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, Communication Disorders
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Ben-David, Boaz M.; Ben-Itzchak, Esther; Zukerman, Gil; Yahav, Gili; Icht, Michal – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Identifying emotions in speech is based on the interaction of lexical content and prosody. This may be disrupted in individuals with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HF-ASD). Undergraduates with HF-ASD (n = 20) and matched typically developed peers (n = 20) were tested using the (Hebrew) Test for Rating of Emotions in Speech.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Undergraduate Students
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Yamada, Tomoko; Miura, Yui; Oi, Manabu; Akatsuka, Nozomi; Tanaka, Kazumi; Tsukidate, Naotake; Yamamoto, Tomoka; Okuno, Hiroko; Nakanishi, Mariko; Taniike, Masako; Mohri, Ikuko; Laugeson, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study examines the efficacy of the Japanese version of the Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS), which focuses on improving social functioning through making friends and maintaining good relationships for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disabilities. Originally developed in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hurwitz, Sarah; Ryan, Tybytha; Kennedy, Daniel P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Adolescents with autism often experience pronounced difficulties with social communication, and novel interventions designed to improve core abilities are greatly needed. This study examines if providing immediate video feedback, an extension of video self-modeling, can aid adolescents with autism to self-identify strengths and irregularities from…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Video Technology
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Baez, Adriana C.; Dajani, Dina R.; Voorhies, Willa; Parladé, Meaghan V.; Alessandri, Michael; Britton, Jennifer C.; Llabre, Maria M.; Uddin, Lucina Q. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Executive function (EF), the set of cognitive processes that govern goal-directed behavior, varies within developmental samples and clinical populations. Here, we perform a conceptual replication of prior work (Dajani et al. in Sci Rep 6:36566, 2016) in an independent sample of typically developing children (n = 183) and children with autism…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Yamashiro, Amy; Curtin, Suzanne; Vouloumanos, Athena – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Human infants show a robust preference for speech over many other sounds, helping them learn language and interact with others. Lacking a preference for speech may underlie some language and social-pragmatic difficulties in children with ASD. But, it is unclear how an early speech preference supports later language and social-pragmatic abilities.…
Descriptors: Infants, Intervention, Language Acquisition, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Carlson, Coleen; Baker-Ericzén, Mary; Butter, Eric; Norris, Megan; Kanne, Stephen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The Autism Impact Measure (AIM) was designed to track incremental change in frequency and impact of core ASD symptoms. The current study examined the structural and convergent validity of the AIM in a large sample of children with ASD. The results of a series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded a final model with five…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Test Validity
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Connor, Annemarie; Sung, Connie; Strain, Alicia; Zeng, Songtian; Fabrizi, Sarah – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Recognizing that social functioning and mental health are linked to social participation and employment outcomes, this pilot study examined the preliminary outcomes of an eight-session, work-related social skills training program designed for young adults with high-functioning autism (HFASD). Results indicate statistically significant improvements…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Skill Development
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Lai, Szu-Shen; Tsai, Ching-Hong; Wu, Chin-Chin; Chen, Cheng-Te; Li, Hsing-Jung; Chen, Kuan-Lin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study examined the cognitive correlates of reciprocity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A total of 59 children with ASD were assessed with the Interactive Drawing Task, Theory of Mind Task Battery, Children's Card Change Sort Task, and Children's Gambling Task respectively for their reciprocity, theory of mind, cool executive…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind
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Baker, Bruce L.; Blacher, Jan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Disruptive behavior disorders and social skills were assessed in 187 youth aged 13 years, with typical cognitive development (TD n = 98), intellectual disability (ID n = 37), autism spectrum disorder (ASD, IQ > = 85, n = 26), or Autism Spectrum Disorder with ID (ASD/ID; IQ < 85, n = 26). The primary question was whether youth with ASD and…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Interpersonal Competence, Early Adolescents, Intellectual Disability
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Matthews, Nicole L.; Laflin, Jessica; Orr, Beatriz C.; Warriner, Katrina; DeCarlo, Mary; Smith, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Evidence supporting the effectiveness of the PEERS® social skills intervention for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder is relatively strong. Less is known about whether the duration of the program impacts participant outcomes. The current study compared outcomes of participants randomly assigned to participate in an accelerated version of…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Interpersonal Competence, Skill Development, Adolescents
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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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