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Showing 1 to 15 of 471 results Save | Export
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Hong, Minha; Lee, Sang Min; Park, Saengryeol; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Kim, Young-Eun; Oh, In-Hwan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is increasing worldwide. We investigated the economic burden of ASD in South Korea using a nationally representative data source. The direct medical and non-medical costs, and indirect costs resulting from ASD were estimated. The total prevalence was 5.04 (per 100,000) in 2008, and 10.97 in 2015.…
Descriptors: Health Insurance, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Costs
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Lee, Gabrielle T.; Hu, Xiaoyi; Liu, Yanhong; Zou, Chouyun; Cheng, Xia; Zhao, Qi; Huang, Jingjing – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of intraverbal prompts on response diversity and novelty in intraverbals posed to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The intraverbal prompts involving function, feature, and class (FFC) of an item were used in the training of three questions requiring multiple responses. Two Chinese…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Males
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Soncini, Thaise C. B.; Belotto, Gabriella Antunes; Diaz, Alexandre P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The aim of this study is to investigate the association between prematurity and diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] or autism spectrum disorder [ASD]) in Brazilian children and adolescents. Case-control study based on medical records data from a specialized outpatient clinic. Prematurity…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hettiarachchi, D.; Neththikumara, N. F.; Pathirana, B. A. P. S.; Dissanayake, V. H. W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare monogenic disorder affecting 1 in 10,000 live female births causing severe neurodegenerative symptoms. We analyzed the molecular genetic variants in the gene encoding the methyl-CpG binding protein 2 ("MECP2") of 16 girls with RTT. Their mutation profile was as follows; Already described variants: p.R168X in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Genetic Disorders, Females, Neurological Impairments
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Alfageh, Basmah H.; Man, Kenneth K. C.; Besag, Frank M. C.; Alhawassi, Tariq M.; Wong, Ian C. K.; Brauer, Ruth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong disorder. In the UK, risperidone is the only psychotropic medication approved for the management of the behavioural symptoms that may accompany autism. This is a population-based study aimed to provide an evaluation of the changing trend in the incidence and prevalence of ASD and to analyse the pattern…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Drug Therapy, Behavior Problems
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Skafle, Ingjerd; Nordahl-Hansen, Anders; Øien, Roald A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
An increasing number of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) enroll in inclusive schools and classrooms. The aim of this study was to research how students with ASD experience the social aspect of inclusive high schools. Five adolescences with Asperger syndrome were interviewed, and the results show that high school was perceived as an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Smith, Olivia; Jones, Sandra C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Asperger's Syndrome was introduced as a separate diagnostic category in the DSM-4 (1994). Its subsequent absorption into autism spectrum disorder in the DSM-5 (2013) led to vigorous debate and concerns about the loss of the unique Asperger's identity. Existing research has identified that adults previously diagnosed with Asperger's have expressed…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Disability Identification, Clinical Diagnosis, Adults
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Poon, Vitti W. K.; Shu, Dorothy S. T.; Chan, Raymond W. S.; Leung, Cecilia N. W.; Leung, Patrick W. L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient-Adult (AQ-Adult) is a screening tool for adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese self- and parent-report versions of the AQ-Adult in Hong Kong (AQ-Adult-HK). Participants included adults with ASD (n = 27) and community controls (n = 345). Parents…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Screening Tests, Adults, Autism
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Rattaz, Cécile; Munir, Kerim; Michelon, Cécile; Picot, Marie-Christine; Baghdadli, Amaria; Baghdadli, Amaria; Baghdadli, Amaria; Chabaux, Catherine; Chatel, Clarisse; Cohen, David; Damville, Emmanuel; Geoffray, Marie-Maude; Gicquel, Ludovic; Jardri, Renaud; Maffre, Thierry; Novo, Alexandre; Odoyer, Roxane; Oreve, Marie-Joëlle; Périsse, Didier; Poinso, François; Pottelette, Julien; Robel, Laurence; Rolland, Catherine; Schoenberger, Marie; Serret, Sylvie; Sonié, Sandrine; Speranza, Mario; Vespirini, Stéphanie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Children and adolescents with ASD are increasingly included in regular school settings, however little is known about how placement decisions are made. In the present study, we examined the types and duration of school attendance among children and adolescents in the ELENA Cohort, a multi-center study of children and adolescents with ASD, ages…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inclusion, Children, Adolescents
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Anderson, Anastasia H.; Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
An on-line survey of 102 (51 females; undergraduate and graduate) university students with ASD across Australia and New Zealand examined student characteristics and satisfaction with academic and non-academic supports. A broad range of disciplines were studied, and the participants' reported strengths included a passion for learning, strong…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, College Students, Autism
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O'Nions, Elizabeth; Ceulemans, Eva; Happé, Francesca; Benson, Paul; Evers, Kris; Noens, Ilse – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here, we explored the structure of the 'Parenting Strategies Questionnaire', a new scale designed to measure parenting strategies for problem behaviour in ASD. We then examined links between child behaviour and parenting in a sample of 222 predominantly-UK parents of ASD children exhibiting behaviour found difficult or challenging. Analysis…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Behavior Problems, Autism
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So, Wing-Chee; Cheng, Chun-Ho; Lam, Wan-Yi; Huang, Ying; Ng, Ka-Ching; Tung, Hiu-Ching; Wong, Wing – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have deficits in joint attention and play behaviors. We examined whether a robot-based play-drama intervention would promote these skills. Chinese-speaking preschool children were randomly assigned to an intervention group (N = 12) and a waitlist control group (N = 11). Children in the intervention…
Descriptors: Robotics, Play, Drama, Intervention
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Karaminis, Themis; Arrighi, Roberto; Forth, Georgia; Burr, David; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Autistic individuals often present atypicalities in adaptation--the continuous recalibration of perceptual systems driven by recent sensory experiences. Here, we examined such atypicalities in human biological motion. We used a dual-task paradigm, including a running-speed discrimination task ('comparing the speed of two running silhouettes') and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Autism
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Zhang, Li; Yan, Guoli; Zhou, Li; Lan, Zebo; Benson, Valerie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The current study examined eye movement control in autistic (ASD) children. Simple targets were presented in isolation, or with central, parafoveal, or peripheral distractors synchronously. Sixteen children with ASD (47-81 months) and nineteen age and IQ matched typically developing children were instructed to look to the target as accurately and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Eye Movements, Children, Autism
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Yamada, Tomoko; Miura, Yui; Oi, Manabu; Akatsuka, Nozomi; Tanaka, Kazumi; Tsukidate, Naotake; Yamamoto, Tomoka; Okuno, Hiroko; Nakanishi, Mariko; Taniike, Masako; Mohri, Ikuko; Laugeson, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study examines the efficacy of the Japanese version of the Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS), which focuses on improving social functioning through making friends and maintaining good relationships for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disabilities. Originally developed in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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