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Camodeca, Amy; Todd, Kylie Q.; Croyle, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Investigated internal consistency reliability and criterion validity of the Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale (ASDS) in a well-characterized sample of 120 children ([X-bar][subscript age] = 9.91; autism [AUT] n = 54; non-autism [NOT] n = 66) who completed comprehensive outpatient evaluations with a gold-standard measure, the Autism Diagnostic…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Asperger Syndrome, Children
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Cook, Ian A.; Wilson, Andrew C.; Peters, Jurriaan M.; Goyal, Monisha N.; Bebin, E. Martina; Northrup, Hope; Krueger, Darcy; Leuchter, Andrew F.; Sahin, Mustafa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multisystem disorder with increased prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This project aimed to characterize the autism phenotype of TSC and identify biomarkers of risk for ASD. Because abnormalities of EEG during sleep are tied to neurodevelopment in children, we compared electroencephalographic…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Sleep, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Bal, Vanessa H.; Maye, Melissa; Salzman, Emma; Huerta, Marisela; Pepa, Lauren; Risi, Susan; Lord, Catherine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Few measures are appropriate to assess autism symptoms in minimally verbal adolescents and adults. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd Edition (ADOS-2, Lord et al., in Autism diagnostic observation schedule--2nd edition (ADOS-2). Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 2012) Modules 1 and 2 were designed and validated with…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Autism, Observation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Mahapatra, Shreyas; Khokhlovich, Edward; Martinez, Samantha; Kannel, Benjamin; Edelson, Stephen M.; Vyshedskiy, Andrey – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Here we report the results of the subgroup analyses of an observational cohort of children whose parents completed the Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) over the period of several years. A linear mixed effects model was used to evaluate longitudinal changes in ATEC scores within different patient subgroups. All groups decreased their…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Check Lists, Diagnostic Tests
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Vaughan, Sarah; McGlone, Francis; Poole, Helen; Moore, David J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Sensory abnormalities in autism has been noted clinically, with pain insensitivity as a specified diagnostic criterion. However, there is limited research using psychophysically robust techniques. Thirteen adults with ASD and 13 matched controls completed an established quantitative sensory testing (QST) battery, supplemented with measures of pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Sensory Experience
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Raza, Sarah; Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bryson, Susan; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Social-emotional behavior in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was examined among high-risk (HR; siblings of children diagnosed with ASD) and low-risk (LR; no family history of ASD) toddlers. Caregivers completed the Infant-Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) at 18 months, and blind diagnostic assessment for ASD was conducted at 36 months.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Clinical Diagnosis
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Jashar, Dasal Tenzin; Fein, Deborah; Berry, Leandra N.; Burke, Jeffrey D.; Miller, Lauren E.; Barton, Marianne L.; Dumont-Mathieu, Thyde – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parent satisfaction with neurodevelopmental evaluations may influence the pursuit of intervention. Parent satisfaction with a neurodevelopmental evaluation for toddlers at risk for autism (n = 257; 128 with autism) was examined using the Post-Evaluation Satisfaction Questionnaire, which collected quantitative and qualitative information. Fewer…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Satisfaction, At Risk Persons, Toddlers
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Li, Bi Lian; Yuen, Vivian Man-ying; Zhang, Na; Zhang, Huan Huan; Huang, Jun Xiang; Yang, Si Yuan; Miller, Jeffery W.; Song, Xing Rong – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Children with autism often need sedation for diagnostic procedures and they are often difficult to sedate. This prospective randomized double-blind control trial evaluates the efficacy and safety using intranasal dexmedetomidine with and without buccal midazolam for sedation in children with autism undergoing computerized tomography and/or…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Narcotics, Drug Use
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Nevill, Rose E.; Hedley, Darren; Uljarevic, Mirko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We investigated the clinical validity of the BADEC, an abbreviated, five-item version of the Autism Detection in Early Childhood, level-2 screening tool for autism. Initially developed by Nah et al. (2019) using a research sample, the present study replicated Nah et al. (2019) procedures in a clinical population. Using a cutoff score of five, five…
Descriptors: Autism, Measures (Individuals), Disability Identification, Clinical Diagnosis
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Lugo-Marín, Jorge; Díez-Villoria, Emiliano; Magán-Maganto, María; Pérez-Méndez, Lina; Alviani, Montserrat; de la Fuente-Portero, Juan Antonio; Canal-Bedia, Ricardo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The objective of this study was to adapt and validate the abbreviated version of the "Autism-Spectrum Quotient" (AQ-Short) in a sample of Spanish native adults. A total of 46 individuals with ASD, 41 ASD-relatives, 17 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 190 non-clinical adults were administered the Spanish version of the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Questionnaires
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Cederlund, Mats – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
In this study the Autism Mental Status Exam (AMSE) was validated towards ICD-10 Autism Spectrum Diagnoses (ASD) based on an interview with the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO-11) with parent(s)/caregiver(s) in a group of 124 children referred for assessment to a clinical assessment unit for pre-school children.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Test Validity
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Smith, C. J.; Bhanot, A.; Norman, E.; Mullett, J. E.; Bilbo, S. D.; McDougle, C. J.; Zürcher, N. R.; Hooker, J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Imaging technologies such as positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) present unparalleled opportunities to investigate the neural basis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, challenges such as deficits in social interaction, anxiety around new experiences, impaired language abilities, and hypersensitivity to…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Training Methods
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Wiggins, Lisa D.; Barger, Brian; Moody, Eric; Soke, Gnakub; Pandey, Juhi; Levy, Susan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The severity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often measured by co-occurring conditions, such as intellectual disability or language delay, rather than deficits in social interaction, and restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule calibrated severity score (ADOS CSS) was created to facilitate…
Descriptors: Autism, Observation, Diagnostic Tests, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Nicotera, Antonio Gennaro; Hagerman, Randi Jenssen; Catania, Maria Vincenza; Buono, Serafino; Di Nuovo, Santo; Liprino, Elisa Maria; Stracuzzi, Emanuela; Giusto, Stefania; Di Vita, Giuseppina; Musumeci, Sebastiano Antonino – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To date, the phenotypic significance of EEG abnormalities in patients with ASD is unclear. In a population affected by ASD we aimed to evaluate: the phenotypic characteristics; the prevalence of EEG abnormalities; the potential correlations between EEG abnormalities and behavioral and cognitive variables. Sixty-nine patients with ASD underwent…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Diagnostic Tests
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Limeres, Jacobo; Diz, Pedro; Abeleira, María Teresa; Outumuro, Mercedes; Fernández-Feijoo, Javier; Diniz-Freitas, Márcio; García-Caballero, Lucía – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Determining a patient's dental age is essential from the dental standpoint but can also have connotations of a forensic, anthropological and medicolegal nature. In this study, we assessed the correspondence between dental age and chronological age in a group of 50 children with autism spectrum disorders, with a chronological age range of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age, Correlation
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