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ten Hoopen, Leontine W.; de Nijs, Pieter F. A.; Duvekot, Jorieke; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin; Hillegers, Manon H. J.; Brouwer, Werner B. F.; Hakkaart-van Roijen, Leona – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study investigated health-related QoL (HRQoL) and care-related quality of life (CarerQol) in clinically referred children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their primary and secondary caregivers. The EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) and the CarerQol questionnaires were used to respectively measure health-related QoL and care-related…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Caregivers
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Burghoorn, Floor; Dingemanse, Mark; van Lier, Rob; van Leeuwen, Tessa M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Synaesthesia is highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder. We assessed the relation between the degree of autistic traits (Autism Spectrum Quotient, AQ) and the degree of synaesthesia in a neurotypical population, and hypothesized both are related to a local bias in visual perception. A positive correlation between total AQ scores and the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception, Sensory Experience
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Shindler, A. E.; Hill-Yardin, E. L.; Petrovski, S.; Bishop, N.; Franks, A. E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study investigated genetic biomarkers for gastrointestinal dysfunction symptoms in order to provide further information on the genetic risk for GI dysfunction associated with autism. The single nucleotide polymorphisms of sixty participants with autism and/or gastrointestinal dysfunction were analyzed. The autism group had a moderate…
Descriptors: Genetics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Physiology, Risk
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Hawks, Zoë; Constantino, John N.; Weichselbaum, Claire; Marrus, Natasha – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Motor impairment is common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and, as such, a potential target for interventions to improve adaptive functioning. This study investigated motor skill acquisition in children with ASD (n = 15, 12 males; ages 7-16 years) during iCan Bike Camp, a 1-week, community-based intervention (5 × 75-min sessions) to teach…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Psychomotor Skills, Teaching Methods, Autism
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Railey, Kirsten S.; Bowers-Campbell, Joy; Love, Abigail M. A.; Campbell, Jonathan M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Semi-structured interviews were employed to (a) characterize LEOs' knowledge of ASD, (b) understand interactions between LEOs and individuals with ASD, and (c) identify training needs to prepare LEOs for interactions with the ASD community. Researchers utilized a constructivist grounded theory approach to analyze data from 17 participants: (a) six…
Descriptors: Law Enforcement, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Jussila, K.; Junttila, M.; Kielinen, M.; Ebeling, H.; Joskitt, L.; Moilanen, I.; Mattila, M.-L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Sensory abnormalities (SAs) are recognized features in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and a relationship between SAs and ASD traits is also suggested in general population. Our aims were to estimate the prevalence of SAs in three different settings, and to study the association between SAs and quantitative autism traits (QAT) using the Autism…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence
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Taylor, Lauren J.; Charman, Tony; Howlin, Patricia; Slonims, Vicky; Green, Jonathan; Aldred, Catherine; Aldred, Catherine; Le Couteur, Ann; Emsley, Richard A.; Grahame, Victoria; Humphrey, Neil; Leadbitter, Kathy; McConachie, Helen; Parr, Jeremy R.; Pickles, Andrew; Taylor, Carol; Balabanovska, Matea; Beach, Hilary; Byford, Sarah; Bennett, Claire; Carruthers, Sophie; Crook, Imogen; Danvers, Hannah; Dartnall, Kate; Ellis, Ceri; Foote, Hannah; Graham, Jessica; James, Kirsty; Jamieson, Sarah; Knight, Anna; Lowe, Jo; Madeley, Ruth; Mitchell, Olivia; Monteiro, Francisca; Moore, Heather L.; Morley, Helen; Rose, Jessica; Rogan, Leanne; Vosper, Susanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We investigated the early sociocognitive battery (ESB), a novel measure of preverbal social communication skills, in children with autism participating in the Paediatric Autism Communication Trial-Generalised (PACT-G). The associations between ESB scores, language and autism symptoms were assessed in 249 children aged 2-11 years. The results show…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Communication
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Forrest, Danequa L.; Kroeger, Rhiannon A.; Stroope, Samuel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience more frequent bullying victimization compared to their neurotypical peers. This study used the 2011 Survey of Pathways to Diagnosis and Services to examine associations between six Children's Social Behavior Questionnaire (CSBQ) subscales and bullying victimization among 1057 children with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Bullying
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Royston, R.; Oliver, C.; Howlin, P.; Dosse, A.; Armitage, P.; Moss, J.; Waite, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Psychopathology is prevalent in Williams (WS), fragile X (FXS) and Prader-Willi (PWS) syndromes. However, little is known about the potential correlates of psychopathology in these groups. A questionnaire study was completed by 111 caregivers of individuals with WS (n = 35); FXS (n = 50) and PWS (n = 26). Mean age was 26 years (range 12-57 years);…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Genetic Disorders, Correlation, Predictor Variables
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Baez, Adriana C.; Dajani, Dina R.; Voorhies, Willa; Parladé, Meaghan V.; Alessandri, Michael; Britton, Jennifer C.; Llabre, Maria M.; Uddin, Lucina Q. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Executive function (EF), the set of cognitive processes that govern goal-directed behavior, varies within developmental samples and clinical populations. Here, we perform a conceptual replication of prior work (Dajani et al. in Sci Rep 6:36566, 2016) in an independent sample of typically developing children (n = 183) and children with autism…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Saroukhani, Sepideh; Samms-Vaughan, Maureen; Lee, MinJae; Bach, MacKinsey A.; Bressler, Jan; Hessabi, Manouchehr; Grove, Megan L.; Shakespeare-Pellington, Sydonnie; Loveland, Katherine A.; Rahbar, Mohammad H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Mode of delivery, preterm birth, and low birth weight (LBW) are hypothesized to be associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the offspring. Using data from 343 ASD cases (2-8 years) and their age- and sex-matched typically developing controls in Jamaica we investigated these hypotheses. Our statistical analyses revealed that the parish of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Perinatal Influences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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O'Connor, Cliodhna; Burke, Judith; Rooney, Brendan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience social marginalisation. This study uses a vignette-based design to clarify whether diagnostic disclosure affects social marginalisation in workplace contexts. It investigates two potential mediators of this relationship: affective response to and theory of mind for people with ASD.…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Correlation, Adults, Autism
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Alzghoul, Loai; AL-Eitan, Laith N.; Aladawi, Mohammad; Odeh, Maher; Abu Hantash, Osama – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This study assesses the correlation between vitamin-D deficiency and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Jordan. We performed a case--controlled cross-sectional analysis to assess vitamin D levels in 83 children with ASD aged less than 8 years old compared to 106 healthy controls. In addition, the association between vitamin D deficiencies and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Correlation, Males, Autism
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Valeri, Giovanni; Casula, Laura; Napoli, Eleonora; Stievano, Paolo; Trimarco, Barbara; Vicari, Stefano; Scalisi, Teresa Gloria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
A novel battery (BAFE; Valeri et al. 2015) was used in order to assess three executive function (EF) abilities (working memory, inhibition and shifting) in a sample of 27 intellectually able preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with 27 typically developing children matched on age and nonverbal IQ. Differences in EF skills were…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Short Term Memory
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Calhoun, Susan L.; Pearl, Amanda M.; Fernandez-Mendoza, Julio; Durica, Krina C.; Mayes, Susan D.; Murray, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Sleep disturbances (SD) are prevalent in individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Less is known about the effects of SD on cognition and learning in adolescents with high-functioning ASD (HF-ASD). Adolescents with HF-ASD (N = 96) were evaluated for the relationships of SD to working memory and learning problems. Results found SD…
Descriptors: Sleep, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents
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