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Bos, Dienke J.; Silver, Benjamin M.; Barnes, Emily D.; Ajodan, Eliana L.; Silverman, Melanie R.; Clark-Whitney, Elysha; Tarpey, Thaddeus; Jones, Rebecca M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Differences in motivation during adolescence relative to childhood and adulthood in autism was tested in a cross-sectional study. 156 Typically developing individuals and 79 individuals with autism ages 10-30 years of age completed a go/nogo task with social and non-social cues. To assess age effects, linear and quadratic models were used.…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Magaña, Sandy; Lopez, Kristina; Salkas, Kristen; Iland, Emily; Morales, Miguel Angel; Garcia Torres, Mariana; Zeng, Weiwen; Machalicek, Wendy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
This two-site randomized waitlist-control study (n = 96 mother-child dyads) examined the efficacy of a psychoeducation program as compared to usual care to empower Latina mothers and improve their confidence in and use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for their children with ASD. A secondary aim was to improve child outcomes. Compared to control…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychoeducational Methods, Comparative Analysis
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Jussila, K.; Junttila, M.; Kielinen, M.; Ebeling, H.; Joskitt, L.; Moilanen, I.; Mattila, M.-L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Sensory abnormalities (SAs) are recognized features in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and a relationship between SAs and ASD traits is also suggested in general population. Our aims were to estimate the prevalence of SAs in three different settings, and to study the association between SAs and quantitative autism traits (QAT) using the Autism…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Incidence
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Spek, Annelies A.; van Rijnsoever, Wendy; van Laarhoven, Lisa; Kiep, Michelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
The presence of eating problems was assessed in 53 males and 36 females with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with and without housing and residential support. The results were compared to a neurotypical group of 30 men and 38 women. The results indicate that men and especially women with ASD experience various eating problems. Women with ASD…
Descriptors: Eating Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Luyster, Rhiannon J.; Arunachalam, Sudha – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We explored whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) learn new nouns from overheard speech. Thirteen children (4-5 years) with ASD participated in an Addressed condition, in which they were directly taught a novel label (e.g., "toma") for one of three novel objects, and an Overheard condition, in which the objects and label…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children
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Woodcock, Kate Anne; Cheung, Catherine; González Marx, Daniel; Mandy, Will – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Social decision making is often challenging for autistic individuals. Twenty autistic adolescents made decisions in the socially interactive context of a one-shot ultimatum game, and performance was compared to a large matched typical reference sample. Theory of mind, executive functioning and emotion regulation were measured via direct…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Autism, Adolescents, Decision Making
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Raza, Sarah; Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bryson, Susan; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Social-emotional behavior in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was examined among high-risk (HR; siblings of children diagnosed with ASD) and low-risk (LR; no family history of ASD) toddlers. Caregivers completed the Infant-Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) at 18 months, and blind diagnostic assessment for ASD was conducted at 36 months.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Clinical Diagnosis
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Siqueiros Sanchez, Monica; Pettersson, Erik; Kennedy, Daniel P.; Bölte, Sven; Lichtenstein, Paul; D'Onofrio, Brian M.; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Visual disengagement has been hypothesized as an endophenotype for autism. In this study we used twin modelling to assess the role of genetics in basic measures of visual disengagement, and tested their putative association to autistic traits in the general population. We used the Gap Overlap task in a sample of 492 twins. Results showed that most…
Descriptors: Genetics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Bizzell, Ebonee; Ross, Judith; Rosenthal, Carly; Dumont, Rachel; Schaaf, Roseann – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We explored sensory features as distinguishing characteristics of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Four groups of males (n = 36): Six with 47, XYY syndrome and ASD (XYY+ASD), six with 47, XYY syndrome and no ASD (XYY-ASD), 12 with idiopathic ASD (ASD-I) and 12 typically developing (TYP). The short sensory profile (SSP) the sensory challenge…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Profiles
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Peters, W. Jason; Matson, Johnny L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
With the publication of DSM-5, many changes were introduced regarding how Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) would be diagnosed. Changes from DSM-IV-TR were controversial, with many arguing that individuals would lose their diagnosis with the new criteria. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the application of diagnostic criteria…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Clinical Diagnosis, Autism, Infants
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Kim, So Yoon; Miele, David B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study used mixed-effects logistic regression to examine undergraduates' (N = 142) evaluations and reasoning about scenarios involving disability-based exclusion. Scenarios varied by disability [autism spectrum disorder (ASD) versus learning disability (LD)], the context of exclusion (classroom versus social), and whether or not a grade was at…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Autism, Learning Disabilities
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Haraguchi, Hideyuki; Stickley, Andrew; Saito, Aya; Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Kamio, Yoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Little is known about the across time stability of autistic traits during the transition period from preschool to school age in the general population. The current study compared autistic traits assessed by a mother-reported quantitative measure, the Social Responsiveness Scale, at age 5 and 8 years and examined the intraclass correlation…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Autism, Young Children, Comparative Analysis
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Baptista, Joana; Sampaio, Adriana; Fachada, Inês; Osório, Ana; Mesquita, Ana R.; Garayzabal, Elena; Duque, Frederico; Oliveira, Guiomar; Soares, Isabel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study compared maternal responsiveness to children with two neurodevelopmental disorders sharing different but, in some cases, overlapping social phenotypes--Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)--and explored the relations between maternal responsiveness and child emotional/behavioural problems (EBP). The sample included…
Descriptors: Mothers, Mother Attitudes, Child Rearing, Preschool Children
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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Garcia-Pastor, T.; Salinero, J. J.; Theirs, C. I.; Ruiz-Vicente, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to compare body composition and physical activity level between children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A sample of 78 children, adolescents and adults participated in the study. Anthropometrics and physical activity, using GT1M accelerometer, were assessed. Overweight and obesity prevalence…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Children
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